Air quality in San Jose

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in San Jose

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Weather

What is the current weather in San Jose?

WeatherBroken clouds
Temperature62.6°C
Humidity77%
Wind9.2 mp/h
Pressure1013 mb

live aqi city ranking

Real-time USA city ranking

#cityUS AQI
1Union

128

2Hidden Valley

121

3Birney

99

4Elko

95

5Marana

94

6North Beach Haven

90

7Acton

89

8San Tan Valley

88

9Denver

86

10Stanfield

85

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

live San Jose aqi ranking

Real-time San Jose air quality ranking

#stationUS AQI
1Wine Valley Villages

25

2San Jose - Knox Ave

21

3Modern Ice Drive

15

4Evergreen

9

5Ramblewood Park

9

6Santa Fe Drive

8

7Evergreen San Jose

7

8Silver Creek Valley

7

9San Jose - Jackson Street

4

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

San Jose webcam

3:00, Aug 6

Is there air pollution in San Jose?

US AQI

9

live AQI index
Good

Overview

What is the current air quality in San Jose?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Good9 US AQIPM2.5
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
2.2 µg/m³

Health Recommendations

How to protect from air pollution in San Jose?

Open your windows to bring clean, fresh air indoors
Enjoy outdoor activities

Forecast

San Jose air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Monday, Aug 3

Good12 US AQI

Tuesday, Aug 4

Good25 US AQI

Wednesday, Aug 5

Good17 US AQI

Today

Good18 US AQI

face icon
weather icon86°59°

2.2 mp/h

Friday, Aug 7

Good27 US AQI

face icon
weather icon91.4°62.6°

4.5 mp/h

Saturday, Aug 8

Good27 US AQI

face icon
weather icon95°64.4°

4.5 mp/h

Sunday, Aug 9

Good27 US AQI

face icon
weather icon95°62.6°

4.5 mp/h

Monday, Aug 10

Good32 US AQI

face icon
weather icon95°60.8°

4.5 mp/h

Tuesday, Aug 11

Good28 US AQI

face icon
weather icon91.4°57.2°

4.5 mp/h

Interested in hourly forecast? Get the app

Historical

Historic air quality graph for San Jose

How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in San Jose

AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR San Jose

How is the air quality in San Jose?

In 2019, San Jose air quality averaged an overall US AQI rating of “good” and additionally met the more stringent World Health Organization (WHO) target for annual PM2.5 exposure of <10 μg/m3, with an average of 6.4 μg/m3. Only November exceeded this standard, with a monthly AQI average of 59 (“moderate”) and PM2.5 average of 15.9 μg/m3.


Past years have not been as clean. In 2018, San Jose AQI was 52 (“moderate”) exceeding both US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards and the WHO annual target for PM2.5 by 2.4 μg/m3. In 2017, San Jose received an annual AQI rating of 43 (“good”) but still exceeded the more stringent WHO target by 0.4 μg/m3. 18 days in 2018 did not attain the national 24-hour limit for PM2.5 (35 µg/m3), while 3 days did not attain the national 8-hour ozone standard of 0.070 ppm.1


According to the State of the Air Report by the American Lung Association, San Jose (including the San Francisco and Oakland area) ranked 3rd for worst 24-hour particle pollution out of 216 U.S. metropolitan areas and 5th for worst annual particle pollution out of 204 U.S. metropolitan areas.2


For the Bay Area, San Jose fares slightly better, on average, than the surrounding cities of Oakland and San Francisco for air pollution. Similar to these cities, gas-powered vehicles comprise the most significant air pollution source in San Jose. Daily emissions are commonly compounded as a result of environmental factors that contribute to the trapping of air pollution in the atmosphere, including marine inversions, abundant sunshine, and the surrounding mountains.


Air pollution can vary significantly throughout the day depending on various emission sources and environmental factors. Despite San Jose’s “good” annual air quality status in 2019, it’s important to stay informed of real-time and forecast air quality data in order to protect oneself and family from adverse health effects. Refer to the top of this page for San Jose’s forecast air quality data and real-time air quality data.

Has air quality improved in San Jose?

Over the last 50 years, since the Clean Air Act of 1970, San Jose’s air quality has improved significantly. Impactful regulations have included controls on unleaded gasoline, increasingly stringent vehicle emission checks, smokestack scrubbers on industrial exhaust systems, and emission limits, among numerous others affecting a wide range of industries.

San Jose is regarded as the heart of Silicon Valley and the United States tech industry. The city’s flourishing economic activity around technology has helped establish its position as the city with the highest median household income in the U.S. for its size.3 Perhaps unsurprisingly, San Jose’s relatively affluent and tech-savvy demographic has contributed to a large share of newer energy-efficient and electric cars on the road.


Currently, motor vehicles account for roughly 30% of San Jose’s fine particulate matter (PM2.5).4 As electric cars using cleaner energy become a larger share of vehicles on the road, it’s possible that this burden on the air will be greatly reduced.


San Jose already has the highest ownership of registered electric vehicles nationally at 21 percent, and this figure is increasing rapidly.5 In October 2019, the city council committed to investing $14 million more into electric vehicle charging stations in the hopes of growing electric vehicle ownership to 61 percent by 2030 and driving down transport related emissions.6


During the COVID-19 pandemic of 2020, traffic congestion in San Jose fell by 70%.4 The Bay Area Air Quality Management District (BAAQMD) estimated that this effect contributed to a 20% reduction in PM2.5 pollution and a 40% reduction of nitrogen oxides, a precursor pollutant to ozone and smog. These air quality reductions provide a window into what can be achieved by moving towards cleaner energy and reduced traffic emissions.


Like much of the Bay Area, sporadic and unpredictable wildfires have the ability to greatly impact yearly data, obscuring pollution trends. From 2017 to 2018, for example, San Jose’s air pollution levels rose by 19.2% in response to a particularly severe wildfire season in 2018. From 2018 to 2019, air pollution fell by 48.3% due to a more average wildfire season during 2018. As global temperatures rise with climate change and droughts become more frequent, wildfires are expected to become more numerous and severe in the future. This phenomenon could counteract gains made by shifting to cleaner energy and transport.

How bad is the air quality in San Jose?

San Jose and the surrounding Bay area have some of the worst air quality in the United States despite relatively few power plants and industrial businesses, shifts towards cleaner energy, and a quickly evolving transportation sector with a growing share of electric vehicles.


City-wide emissions are primarily from mobile sources, including cars, heavy-duty trucks, planes, and ships from nearby ports. Wildfires, though temporary and sporadic, contribute to large air pollution spikes and are commonly the reason that air quality in San Jose reaches “unhealthy” or worse levels. San Jose’s most polluted month of 2019 was November because of nearby wildfires, particularly the Kincade Fire.


Outside of daily emission sources, San Jose’s environment can be problematic in dispersing air pollution. The city’s location on the southern shore of the San Francisco Bay means that the local climate is often affected by marine inversions, a weather event describing cool surface-level ocean air trapped by warmer air above. Marine inversions can cause air pollution to accumulate and linger in the lower atmosphere until weather conditions change. The mountains surrounding the city can also have a similar effect, additionally exacerbating marine inversions.


Summertime heat, expected to worsen with climate change, is a contributor to high ozone levels in summer afternoons. Ozone is primarily formed in the atmosphere when ultraviolet radiation from the sun causes nitrogen oxides and VOCs to react. Nonattainment ozone days, days when ozone levels exceed air quality standards set by organizations like the EPA and state, in San Jose occur almost exclusively in the summer.


Use the air pollution map of San Jose to reveal real-time pollution concentrations and wind directions, and better understand the source of unhealthy air.



+ Article Resources

[1] Bay Area air pollution summary – 2018. (2018).
https://www.baaqmd.gov/~/media/files/communications-and-outreach/annual-bay-area-air-quality-summaries/pollsum2018-pdf.pdf?la=en
[2] State of the Air – 2020. (2020).
http://www.stateoftheair.org/assets/SOTA-2020.pdf
[3] Most populated cities in the U.S. - median household income 2018. (2019).
https://www.statista.com/statistics/205609/median-household-income-in-the-top-20-most-populated-cities-in-the-us/#:~:text=According%20to%20data%20released%20by,113%2C036%20U.S.%20dollars%20in%202018
[4] Rogers P. (2020, March 23). Coronavirus: Bay Area air quality is improving as people stay home.
https://www.mercurynews.com/2020/03/23/coronavirus-bay-area-air-quality-improving-as-people-stay-home/
[5] Medina M. (2019, June 17). New study shows spike in Bay Area electric car sale.
https://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2019/06/17/new-study-shows-spike-bay-area-electric-car-sales/
[6] Hase G. (2019, October 22). City of San Jose plans to double electric car charging stations with $14 million investment.
https://www.sanjoseinside.com/news/city-of-san-jose-plans-to-double-electric-car-charging-stations-with-14m-investment/

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