Air quality in Sacramento

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Sacramento

LAST UPDATE (local time)

107K people follow this city

Data provided by
8 sources

contributors iconscontributors icons
Become a contributor

Weather

What is the current weather in Sacramento?

WeatherClear sky
Temperature87.8°C
Humidity20%
Wind4.7 mp/h
Pressure1016 mb

live aqi city ranking

Real-time USA city ranking

#cityUS AQI
1North Fork

590

2Kernville

411

3Dixon Lane-Meadow Creek

289

4Mariposa

272

5Lee Vining

260

6Susanville

256

7Oakhurst

255

8Springville

236

9Inyo

225

10Ahwahnee

221

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

live Sacramento aqi ranking

Real-time Sacramento air quality ranking

#stationUS AQI
1South Avenue

122

2Galena Avenue

116

3SMUD EC-OC

103

43rd Avenue

93

54th Avenue

93

6California State University - Amador Hall

93

7Spinning Rod Way

88

8CCA - 5th and T

86

9Del Paso Manor

60

10Downtown Sacramento - T Street

54

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

US AQI

93

live AQI index
Moderate

Overview

What is the current air quality in Sacramento?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Moderate93 US AQItrendPM2.5
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
32.2 µg/m³trend

Health Recommendations

How to protect from air pollution in Sacramento?

Close your windows to avoid dirty outdoor air
Sensitive groups should reduce outdoor exercise

Forecast

Sacramento air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Sunday, Sep 20

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups125 US AQI

Monday, Sep 21

Good49 US AQI

Tuesday, Sep 22

Good20 US AQI

Today

Good45 US AQI

face icon
weather icon87.8°59°

2.2 mp/h

Thursday, Sep 24

Good42 US AQI

face icon
weather icon86°53.6°

2.2 mp/h

Friday, Sep 25

Moderate66 US AQI

face icon
weather icon96.8°60.8°

4.5 mp/h

Saturday, Sep 26

Moderate63 US AQI

face icon
weather icon96.8°66.2°

2.2 mp/h

Sunday, Sep 27

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups112 US AQI

face icon
weather icon102.2°69.8°

4.5 mp/h

Monday, Sep 28

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups113 US AQI

face icon
weather icon102.2°69.8°

2.2 mp/h

Interested in hourly forecast? Get the app

Historical

Historic air quality graph for Sacramento

How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in Sacramento

AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR Sacramento

What is the air quality in Sacramento?


Air quality in Sacramento generally averages a US AQI rating of less than 50, or “good.” The “good” air quality distinction describes air that is satisfactory and poses little to no risk to health.


PM2.5 is one of six criteria pollutants measured by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to determine an air quality rating. Due to the pollutant’s prevalence and relatively high health risk, it is often responsible for determining the overall air quality index (AQI). In 2019, Sacramento averaged a PM2.5 level of 8.7 ug/m3, thereby meeting the World Health Organization (WHO) target for annual exposure (< 10 μg/m3). November, December, and January experienced average ratings of “moderate” that failed to meet US EPA standards. November was the most polluted month of 2019, with a monthly PM2.5 average of 21.9 μg/m3, or AQI 72, followed by December (15.9 μg/m3) and January (13.6 μg/m3).


Elevated pollution levels in the winter are common around the world. This is typically because of increased wood burning and heating as well as temperature inversions that prevent polluted air from dispersing. In 2019, particularly during November, elevated air pollution levels in Sacramento were largely attributable to wildfires, such as the Ranch fire in Tehama County that burned more than 2,500 acres, and the Kincade fire in Sonoma County that burned 77,758 acres.1,2 Winter months in Sacramento also experience strong cool air inversions as a result of the city’s high-pressure system, which can contribute to sustained high air pollution levels.


Ozone is another pollutant of concern in Sacramento. Nationally, Sacramento is the fifth most ozone-polluted city according to the 2019 State of the Air report released by the American Lung Association, comparing 228 metropolitan areas.3 Although the city’s ranking has remained relatively consistent for the last several years, true ozone levels have actually gone down by 40% in the last 20 years.4 Still, Sacramento experiences an average of 25 high-ozone days annually, far above the recommended target of 3 days or less.3


Air pollution data varies hourly and daily. In order to properly protect oneself from the health effects of air pollution, refer to the top of this page for Sacramento’s forecast air quality data and real-time air quality data.

Has air quality improved in Sacramento?


Since the establishment of the Clean Air Act and more recent legislation including the 1990 amendments, air quality has drastically improved across the state of California.4 In 2007, regulations on wood burning contributed to a 41% decrease in PM2.5 levels over 4 years. But since 2011, Sacramento’s progress has not been a straight line. Sporadic and unpredictable wildfires greatly influence yearly averages, making air pollution levels more difficult to control.


Year-over-year data, for example, shows that Sacramento’s air quality rose 27.8% from 2017 to 2018, then fell 40.8% from 2018 to 2019. These fluctuations reflect an unusually severe wildfire season in 2018. This wavering record for PM2.5 levels, however, has resulted in no clear improvement trend since 2011.


While particle air pollution and overall AQI in Sacramento has remained relatively stable in recent years, actual city-wide emissions of particulate matter and ozone precursor pollutants have steadily decreased due to implementation of local, state, and federal emission control programs.


Ozone is usually formed in the atmosphere from volatile organic compounds (VOC) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) reacting to ultraviolet radiation. Emissions for both precursor pollutants have fallen steadily in recent years despite gains in population, vehicles, and economic development. The largest reduction in this segment is attributable to gas-powered vehicles. From 2000 to 2015, effective regulations on vehicles have resulted in a 66% reduction of VOCs and a 62% reduction for nitrogen oxides.4


The most recent legislation governing Sacramento air pollution was established in 2017 by Governor Jerry Brown under Assembly Bill (AB) 617. The bill seeks to protect communities disproportionately impacted by air pollution through a five-pronged approach: increased community-level air monitoring, emission reduction plans, review and retrofitting of industrial facilities, more comprehensive emission reporting requirements, and greater penalties for polluters.5 While such continued efforts are critically important to further reducing pollution levels in the area, the true effect of this legislation on air quality levels is yet to be seen.

Why does Sacramento have unhealthy air quality?


Sacramento’s unhealthy air quality is largely the result of transportation exhaust, which serves as the most significant single source of air pollution in the area.6 Daily emissions are often exacerbated by environmental factors of the Sacramento valley, which can lead to an accumulation of polluted air. These factors include temperature inversions, high heat, abundant sunshine, surrounding mountains, and relatively stagnant air.


Temperature inversions are a weather phenomenon in which warmer air is layered on top of cooler ground-level air, preventing the cooler air from dispersing. In Sacramento, temperature inversions occurring in the summer, fall, and winter differ by origin, but are similar in effect. Summertime temperature inversions, also called marine inversions, are the result of cooler marine air trapped under hot summer air flowing in. These inversions tend to be less severe in their impact on air quality than the cool air inversions of the fall and winter, which result from a high pressure cell. Inversions during fall and winter, brought on by pressure systems, are not easily affected by wind and, as a result, tend to have a more significant impact on air quality. In 2019, the most polluted months in Sacramento were November, December, January, and October (in that order).


Wildfires have also recently contributed to short-lived pollution spikes. Air pollution resulting from the 2018 Camp Fire, for example, caused the Sacramento air quality index to reach “hazardous” levels, topping the Major City Ranking for worst air pollution globally for several hours.7 As global warming contributes to increasingly hotter and drier climates, the frequency and severity of wildfires is expected to increase.


The live Sacramento air quality map is useful in determining the origin of polluted air and discovering factors that determine real-time readings. Such analysis, for example, can indicate whether pollution is blown in from wildfire smoke or elevated due to summertime marine inversions.


+ Article Resources

[1] Cal-Fire - Ranch Fire. (2020).
[2] Cal-Fire - Kincade Fire. (2020).
[3] State of the Air – 2020. (2020).
[4] Air quality trends. (2020).
[5] Community air protection. (2020).
[6] Lorenzen A. (1974). Climate of the Sacramento Valley air basin. California Air Resources Board: Division of Technical Services.
[7] Masters J. (2018, November 16). Smoke from Camp Fire making Sacramento the most polluted city on Earth.

Track your air quality anywhere you are

Download the app

Link to download AirVisual app on App StoreLink to download AirVisual app on Google PlayLink to download AirVisual app on Android