Air quality in Chiang Rai

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Chiang Rai

LAST UPDATE (local time)

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Weather

What is the current weather in Chiang Rai?

Weather icon
WeatherBroken clouds
Temperature86°C
Humidity66%
Wind2.2 mp/h
Pressure1008 mb

live aqi city ranking

Real-time Thailand city ranking

Tooltip icon
#cityUS AQI
1 Phra Samut Chedi, Samut Prakan

127

2 Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Phanom

86

3 Bangkok Yai, Bangkok

83

4 Bang Kapi, Bangkok

82

5 Nakhon Sawan, Nakhon Sawan

82

6 Samphanthawong, Bangkok

82

7 Ban Khao Lak, Phangnga

80

8 Bang Bon, Bangkok

80

9 Bang Kho Laem, Bangkok

78

10 Lat Krabang, Bangkok

78

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

live Chiang Rai aqi ranking

Real-time Chiang Rai air quality ranking

Tooltip icon
#stationUS AQI
1 Maesai Health Office

68

2 Tambon Wiang, Mueang

53

3 Mareeruk Chiang Rai School (Kindergarten Section)

37

4 Hyundai Chiang Rai

33

5 Sob Ruak Doi Sa Ngo

33

6 CRICS - Chiang Rai International Christian School

29

7 Doi Dhammanava Study Center

29

8 Wiang Phang Kham, Mae Sai

29

9 CRIS - Chiang Rai International School

17

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

US AQI

29

live AQI index
Good

Human face indicating AQI level

Overview

What is the current air quality in Chiang Rai?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Good 29 US AQItrendPM2.5
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
7 µg/m³trend
PM10
13 µg/m³trend
!

PM2.5

x0

PM2.5 concentration in Chiang Rai air is currently 0 times above WHO exposure recommendation

Health Recommendations

How to protect from air pollution in Chiang Rai?

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Forecast

Chiang Rai air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Sunday, Jun 20

Good 44 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Monday, Jun 21

Moderate 60 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Tuesday, Jun 22

Good 41 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Today

Good 46 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon89.6°71.6°
Wind rotating 222 degree

2.2 mp/h

Thursday, Jun 24

Good 40 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon89.6°71.6°
Wind rotating 206 degree

2.2 mp/h

Friday, Jun 25

Good 37 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon78.8°73.4°
Wind rotating 172 degree

0 mp/h

Saturday, Jun 26

Good 29 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon82.4°71.6°
Wind rotating 197 degree

2.2 mp/h

Sunday, Jun 27

Good 30 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon80.6°73.4°
Wind rotating 172 degree

0 mp/h

Monday, Jun 28

Good 34 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon77°71.6°
Wind rotating 185 degree

2.2 mp/h

Tuesday, Jun 29

Good 31 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon78.8°71.6°
Wind rotating 188 degree

2.2 mp/h

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Historical

Historic air quality graph for Chiang Rai

How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in Chiang Rai

AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR Chiang Rai

Does Chiang Rai have a good air quality rating?

Chiang Rai is a major city in Thailand located at the northernmost part of the country, with a population of some 200,000 or more people. It spans an area of some 61 km2, a city of modest size in comparison to Bangkok’s 1,569 km². Going by measurements taken over 2019, Chiang Rai had an average PM2.5 rating of 37μg/m3, in regards to the content of fine particulate matter recorded in the air.

This reading of 37 μg/m3 puts it into ‘unhealthy for sensitive individuals’ bracket, which requires a reading somewhere between 35.5 to 55.4 μg/m3 of PM2.5 in the air to find itself in this group. This is considerably further over the World Health Organizations target of 0 to 10 μg/m3, or even a ‘good’ rating of 10 to 12 μg/m3. Furthermore, the reading places it number 5 in the list of the 50 cities ranked in Thailand, a considerably high ranking when you consider that Bangkok, world renowned for its pollution choked roads, smoke and haze, is only ranked at number 48.

Chiang Rai saw its worst readings regarding the PM2.5 during the months of March through till May, with all three of those months coming in at the ‘unhealthy’ bracket, with March being the worst offender with a PM2.5 rating of 113.8 μg/m3, a number indicating that the air would be full of noxious pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2), Sulphur dioxide (SO2) as well as numerous volatile organic compounds (VOC’s), the origins and causes of which will be discussed later on. However, as with most cities in Thailand, it has its brief respite during monsoon season when the air quality drops to within the WHO’s target of 10 μg/m3 or less, with June coming in at 10.4 μg/m3 (a ranking that puts it in the ‘good’ bracket), then July and August coming in at 7.6 and 7.2 respectively on the air quality index.

What are the main causes of pollution in Chiang Rai?

The main causes of pollution in Chiang Rai are a similar story told throughout Thailand, and other countries in the region. Besides the smoke and other contaminants containing PM2.5 given out by vehicular emission, slash and burn farming is the culprit which causes the massive spikes in the air quality index and the levels of PM2.5 to rise so high. These practices produce vast amounts of the aforementioned VOC’s, along with black carbon (BC), an extremely dangerous form of PM2.5 that has not only prominent health effects on people, both long and short term, but impacts the atmosphere, contributing to global warming and climate change.

Despite warnings of retribution by governing bodies and international pressure, these practices continue to take place year after year unabated. The farmers resort to slash and burn methods, whereby they set fire to vast swathes of both forests and farmland in preparation for their crop plantation preceding the rainy season. These practices would start around March, a prime indicator for the sizeable increase in the PM2.5 levels recorded in the data charts, with a PM2.5 reading of 40.5 μg/m3 recorded in February jumping up to 113.8 μg/m3 in March.

Besides this, the other causes would be the usual smoke and haze emission from factories and other industrial sectors. Chiang Rai is also home to a large collection of temples and other cultural attractions, as well as beautiful jungle and mountain landscapes that would be a driving factor for growth in the tourism sector. This would increase pollution from vehicular emission from the numerous buses and cars coming in and out of Chiang Rai, although this industry will have been slowed considerably in 2020 due to the COVID-19 outbreak.

What effect does the quality of the air in Chiang Rai have on health?

The effects of PM2.5 as well as its larger cousin PM10, particulate matter of 10 or less micrometers across, can have numerous negative effects on our health. The smoke and haze released from the burning of organic materials can trigger asthma attacks in people with preexisting conditions, worsening symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or being a root cause of them in the first place, with prolonged exposure to both PM2.5 and PM10 reducing life expectancy, increasing the risk of cardiovascular issues and decreased lung function.

During the worst months of the year when the haze pollution starts to permeate the atmosphere, winds can bring about vast amounts of the carcinogenic dust into contact with the city’s population.

To go into further detail about the risks that poor air quality can pose to health, short term effects from exposure to smoke and pollution containing both PM2.5 and PM10 can include ailments such as pneumonia or bronchitis, as well as irritation to the respiratory tract (both internal and external) and irritation to the skin. Longer term effects can cause permanent reduction to lung function or emphysema (part of COPD’s symptoms), as well as heart disease and various forms of cancer, tending mainly towards lung cancer. Due to the extremely small particle size of PM2.5, it can find its way into the bloodstream and travel to many parts of the body where it will accumulate over the years, causing a wide variety of carcinogenic effects.

With such things considered, awareness of the air quality at certain times of the year would certainly be of great benefit, with apps such as AirVisual providing constant AQI readings to stay informed on the level of pollution. Avoiding outdoor activities on particularly bad days or the wearing of masks would be an action of significant importance.

What is being done about the levels of pollution in Chiang Rai?

Despite the aforementioned threats of arrest or other legal consequences against those involved in the smoke and haze caused by forest fires, little seems to have improved. 2019 seems to have been a turning point in the involvement of authorities after a particularly bad spell of smoke and haze. It was so severe that it caused schools to be shut down in Bangkok, as the haze failed to disperse even after several weeks.

The ministry of natural resources and environment conducted meetings during 2019 to discuss what actions could be taken to address the issues, whilst a branch of the government responsible for ‘rain seeding’ (whereby rain clouds are created artificially in order to cleanse the air) deemed the situation to be of a serious enough nature that this technology be applied to it. Once again these are only temporary measures that do little to address the root cause of the problem, just providing a transient fix to an issue that simply put, needs full intervention to those causing the forest fires.

How polluted is Chiang Rai when compared with another city?

When compared to a neighboring city such as Chiang Mai, IQAir’s world air quality reports indicate that Chiang Mai had an overall better quality of air in 2019, with a yearly average of 32.3 μg/m3, putting it into the ‘moderate’ air quality grouping, as opposed to Chiang Rai’s 37 μg/m3 that places it in the ‘unhealthy for sensitive groups’ bracket. Chiang Mai had three months where the recorded levels of PM2.5 in the air met the WHO’s target, as opposed to Chiang Rai’s two months.

With this considered, it cannot be ignored that Chiang Mai also suffered from a terrible air quality rating during the month of March, with a PM2.5 reading of 98.7μg/m3, not far off from Chiang Rai’s 113.8μg/m3 during the same time period. However, despite similarities and some months that were subject to similar levels of pollution, Chiang Mai still comes in at a ranking of 16th place out of the 50 cities’ in Thailand, much further off than the 5th place ranking of Chiang Rai, making it a more optimal place to live if the quality of the air is of concern.

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