Air quality in Kazan

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Kazan

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Air Quality contributors Sources

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*IQAir’s AQI data modeled using satellite data. Learn more

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Weather

What is the current weather in Kazan?

Weather icon
WeatherRain
Temperature46.4°C
Humidity91%
Wind14 mp/h
Pressure1015 mb

live aqi city ranking

Real-time Russia city ranking

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#cityUS AQI
1 Tol'yatti, Samara

218

2 Berezovka, Krasnoyarsk Krai

112

3 Solnechnyy, Krasnoyarsk Krai

112

4 Moscow, Moscow

88

5 Achinsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai

78

6 Kamensk-Shakhtinskiy, Rostov

76

7 Zelenogorsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai

68

8 Krasnoyarsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai

59

9 Serpukhov, Moscow Oblast

59

10 Turochak, Altai

49

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

live Kazan aqi ranking

Real-time Kazan air quality ranking

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City AQI based on satellite data. No ground level station currently available in Kazan.

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Kazan webcam

3:55, Sep 24

Is there air pollution in Kazan?

Thumbnail of Kazan webcam at 3:55, Sep 24

US AQI

57 *

live AQI index
Moderate

Human face indicating AQI level

Overview

What is the current air quality in Kazan?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Moderate 57 US AQItrendPM2.5
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
15.1 µg/m³trend
!

PM2.5

x1

PM2.5 concentration in Kazan air is currently 1 times above the WHO annual air quality guideline value

Health Recommendations

How to protect from air pollution in Kazan?

An open window iconClose your windows to avoid dirty outdoor air
A man cycling iconSensitive groups should reduce outdoor exercise

Forecast

Kazan air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Today

Moderate 57 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon55.4°44.6°
Wind rotating 155 degree

17.9 mp/h

Saturday, Sep 25

Moderate 94 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon48.2°44.6°
Wind rotating 139 degree

11.2 mp/h

Sunday, Sep 26

Moderate 77 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon55.4°42.8°
Wind rotating 66 degree

6.7 mp/h

Monday, Sep 27

Good 28 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon46.4°41°
Wind rotating 68 degree

13.4 mp/h

Tuesday, Sep 28

Good 12 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon48.2°32°
Wind rotating 61 degree

8.9 mp/h

Wednesday, Sep 29

Good 16 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon48.2°39.2°
Wind rotating 311 degree

8.9 mp/h

Thursday, Sep 30

Good 24 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon51.8°41°
Wind rotating 239 degree

6.7 mp/h

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Historical

Historic air quality graph for Kazan

How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in Kazan

AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR Kazan

What is the air quality index of Kazan?

Kazan is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Tatarstan in Russia. The city lies at the convergence of the Volga and the Kazanka rivers. In 2010 the estimated population was 1.6 million people.

At the beginning of 2021, Kazan was experiencing some “Good” quality air with a US AQI reading of just 9. This is according to classifications by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The recorded level of the PM2.5 pollutant was 2.1 µg/m³. With figures at this level, doors and windows can be opened to let in some fresh air and outdoor activities can be enjoyed without thinking about the air quality.

What is the main source of air pollution in Kazan?

The main air pollutant is emissions from vehicles, which account for 70 per cent of the total air pollution. For enterprises, it is 30 per cent. Between June and September, 800 vehicles were checked for excess emissions. 10 per cent of these vehicles failed the test!

It is very difficult to hide from vehicle emissions because smoke from the exhaust pipes pollutes every street and is detected in the courtyard of every residential building. In the "Report on Human Development in the Russian Federation", air pollution from transport is named as the main environmental factor affecting human health.

As for the industrial emissions, Kazanorgsintez enterprises, gunpowder and brick factories have installed gas cleaning systems in an attempt to clean their emissions. At the MUE Vodokanal, work has been completed to equip treatment facilities with special designs for air purification systems.

Is air pollution in Kazan getting better or worse?

In the summer of 2018, volunteers deployed 50 Palm diffusion tubes throughout the city, including the suburban settlements of Osinovo and Zaymishche. Then between two and four weeks later, the volunteers collected the tubes and sent them for examination. 41 samples were analysed, but some of the tubes were rejected.

One indicator was studied for the concentration of nitrogen dioxide (NO2). This gas is generated from vehicle exhausts and as a result of industrial emissions. The maximum permissible concentration (MPC) of nitrogen dioxide is 40 µg / m³. Anything above is unhealthy. It turned out that there are several places in Kazan where it was exceeded.

A study actually confirmed the assumption of environmentalists and activists in that Kazan needs urgent measures to reduce air pollution, including from vehicles. Further expansion of roads, lack of prospective development of ecological public transport, pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure can further increase the concentration of nitrogen dioxide in the air.

What can be done to improve the air quality in Kazan?

Greenpeace, based on data from satellites from June 2018 to May 2019, compiled a rating of air pollution in large cities of Russia with nitrogen dioxide. Kazan took ninth place in the ranking. The first and second places went to Moscow and St. Petersburg.

Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is a dangerous toxic gas that causes respiratory symptoms and lung disease with acute exposure and increases the risk of chronic disease with prolonged exposure. The presence of nitrogen dioxide in the atmosphere leads to the formation of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3), two of the most important airborne pollutants in terms of damage to public health worldwide. Long-term exposure to nitrogen dioxide is associated with increased mortality rates worldwide.

Schoolchildren in different parts of the country were sent kits for conducting lessons, in which they will learn how to reduce emissions of harmful substances if they change from a private car to public transport.

Greening (or the planting of trees and shrubs) is one of the main measures in the fight for clean air in large cities. It is the green spaces that take on a significant load to reduce gas pollution. Due to the fact that the trees shed their leaves, we feel the smoke and smog more strongly in autumn. Plants also reduce the number of pathogenic microbes in the air, releasing special substances known as phytoncides. For example, there is five times less pathogenic flora in the air of a forest than in an urban area.

In Kazan, the amount of greenery has decreased since 2007 as the city was actively built up for various events, and many small parks and squares were developed. It is more profitable to sell a piece of land for redevelopment than to use it as a park.

What are the effects of breathing Kazan’s poor quality air?

Air pollution can cause cancer, cardiovascular, respiratory and other diseases. Every year in Russia there are between 80 and 140 thousand premature deaths due to air pollution.

Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is a gas with a very strong odour (in concentrations in the atmospheric air of large cities, it is mostly odourless) has a pronounced irritant effect on the respiratory tract and general toxic effect. Nitrogen dioxide is produced because of the combustion process and is commonly found in the atmosphere in close association with other major pollutants. One of the main sources of air pollution with nitrogen dioxide are vehicles with internal combustion engines, primarily of low ecological class and diesel ones, as well as energy facilities, heat supply facilities, and industry using fossil fuels. At the same time, the share of vehicles in the total air pollution of cities, including nitrogen dioxide and other associated pollutants, can reach 80-90 per cent. The average daily maximum permissible concentration (MPC) for nitrogen dioxide in accordance with Russian standards is 40 μg / m3. Anything above is unhealthy.

Because of the polluted air, coughing increases, asthma attacks and cases of bronchitis become more frequent. In general, this can lead to an increase in overall mortality, in particular, mortality from cardiovascular diseases and respiratory diseases. In addition, benz (o) pyrene is especially dangerous as it has a carcinogenic effect. There is a large quantity of it in the exhaust gases of cars. In order to reduce the level of pollution, it is necessary first of all to pay attention to the emissions of vehicles. To do this, improve vehicle traffic, minimise traffic jams, repair roads on time, and use fuel with improved environmental characteristics. Modern vehicles are fitted with the latest technology which helps clean the exhaust gases before they are emitted, usually known as a catalytic convertor.

Where is the cleanest air quality in Kazan?

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