|1||Zgierz, Lodz Voivodeship|
|2||Pabianice, Lodz Voivodeship|
|3||Rzeszow, Subcarpathian Voivodeship|
|4||Krakow, Lesser Poland Voivodeship|
|5||Tarnobrzeg, Subcarpathian Voivodeship|
|6||Lodz, Lodz Voivodeship|
|7||Biala Podlaska, Lublin|
(local time)SEE WORLD AQI RANKING
7:36, Jun 23
live AQI index
|Air pollution level||Air quality index||Main pollutant|
|Moderate|| 80 US AQI||PM2.5|
|PM2.5|| 26 µg/m³|
|SO2|| 15 µg/m³|
PM2.5 concentration in Lublin air is currently 2 times above WHO exposure recommendation
|Close your windows to avoid dirty outdoor air|
|Sensitive groups should reduce outdoor exercise|
|Sunday, Jun 20|
Moderate 60 US AQI
|Monday, Jun 21|
Moderate 56 US AQI
|Tuesday, Jun 22|
Moderate 65 US AQI
Moderate 74 US AQI
|Thursday, Jun 24|
Moderate 59 US AQI
|Friday, Jun 25|
Moderate 55 US AQI
|Saturday, Jun 26|
Good 26 US AQI
|Sunday, Jun 27|
Good 43 US AQI
|Monday, Jun 28|
Good 44 US AQI
|Tuesday, Jun 29|
Moderate 51 US AQI
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Lublin is a city located in central Poland, holding the title of being the ninth largest city in the country as well as the capital of Lublin province. It is located some 170km away from the capital city of Warsaw, and is home to approximately 339 thousand inhabitants, as of 2019. With its close proximity to Warsaw, Lublin has benefited greatly from this in an economic sense, and is now home to many IT companies, drawing many professionals and skilled workers to live in the city. As the economy and infrastructure grows further, along with the population, there will be a continued rise in air pollution, an unfortunate side effect that often comes along with an increase in anthropogenic activity.
In 2019, Lublin came in with a PM2.5 reading of 20.5 μg/m³, a reading that placed it into the ‘moderate’ pollution ratings bracket. To achieve this rating, a PM2.5 reading of anywhere between 12.1 to 35.4 μg/m³ is required for classification, putting Lublin’s yearly average directly into the middle of this bracket. This indicates that the city has some pollutive issues occurring, as this is a comparatively high reading when compared to many cities throughout Europe. Lublin’s reading of 20.5 μg/m³ placed it in 857th place out of all cities ranked worldwide, as well as 23rd place out of all cities ranked in Poland. Whilst this is not an overtly disastrous level of air pollution, it could certainly go a long way to improve its overall air quality rating, and reduce its PM2.5 count.
Due to its close proximity to the capital, as well as being well connected to many cities by a well developed system of roads, there would be an inevitable rise in pollution related to widespread use of personal vehicles such as cars, as well as heavy duty vehicles that include trucks, lorries and buses. These are mainly used for the transportation of industrial goods and materials, and in many instances, they run on diesel fuel, putting out far more pollution than a smaller or cleaner fuel source utilizing alternative would put out.
Other sources of pollution include the widespread use of coal, particularly in industrial zones such as power plants or factories. These power plants would go through large amounts of the fossil fuels to meet the energy demands of its growing population, something that becomes more salient during the winter months when the demand for heating for both homes and businesses increases massively.
As mentioned previously, the demand for energy often increases during the colder months due to the need for heating. On top of this, many houses that have traditional stoves or fireplaces would turn to the burning of wood or charcoal for both heating and cooking, something particularly evident in lower income districts or areas where traditional practices are still utilised. Observing the data taken in 2019, there is a noticeable decline in air quality making an appearance towards the end of the year. September came in with a reasonable reading of 14.1 μg/m³, which was followed by a significant rise in pollution in the following month, with October coming in at 26.1 μg/m³. The next few months were followed by readings of 23.2 μg/m³ and 24.2 μg/m³, with these heightened readings following on into the early months of the following year.
January through to April all came in with further elevations in PM2.5, with readings of 34.1 μg/m³, 29.4 μg/m³, 20.6 μg/m³ and 21 μg/m³ all coming in respectively. This showed that January was the most polluted month of the year with its reading of 34.1 μg/m³, a reading that was only 1.4 units away from moving the months ranking up a notch into the ‘unhealthy for sensitive groups’ bracket, which requires a PM2.5 reading of 35.5 to 55.4 μg/m³ for classification. In closing, the most polluted period of the year was from October through to April of the following year.
Following on from the winter months when the pollution was at its highest, PM2.5 readings started to abate between April and May. In April, the reading came in at 21 μg/m³, and then 12.4 μg/m³ in the following month of May, a significant drop of nearly half the amount of PM2.5 in the air.
From the period of May through to September is when the air quality was at its best, and the month of June came in with the cleanest reading of the entire year, presenting with a number of 9.6 μg/m³, putting it within the World Health Organizations (WHO's) target goal of 10 μg/m³ or less, for the most optimal quality of air. This was the only month of the year to make it into this bracket, and would have been the time when the air would have been the freest from smoke, haze, fumes or any other pollution or contaminants.
Some of the main pollutants found in the air in Lublin would be ones such as carbon monoxide (CO), ozone (O3), black carbon and volatile organic compounds (VOC's), which include among them chemicals such as benzene, toluene, xylene, methylene chloride, ethylene glycol and formaldehyde.
Ones released primarily from vehicles include pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2), with the former being the biggest offender when it comes to vehicular emissions, often found in large quantities over areas that see a high volume of traffic.
Some health issues that may arise during the more polluted periods of the year would be conditions such as pneumonia and bronchitis, along with many other respiratory ailments such as aggravated forms of asthma or emphysema. Damage or scarring to the lung tissue may occur, which besides reducing the lungs full capacity to function (also increasing cancer risk rates when particulate matter is inhaled), causes individuals to become more susceptible to further respiratory problems in the future, which can shorten life expectancy and add to the mortality rate caused by pollution.