Air quality in Lahore

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Lahore

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AIR QUALITY DATA CONTRIBUTORS

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Weather

What is the current weather in Lahore?

Weather icon
WeatherMist
Temperature66.2°F
Humidity77%
Wind9.2 mp/h
Pressure29.9 Hg

live aqi city ranking

Real-time Pakistan city ranking

#cityUS AQI
1 Lahore, Punjab

157

2 Rawalpindi, Punjab

141

3 Islamabad, Islamabad

91

4 Karachi, Sindh

84

5 Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

57

6 Haripur, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

54

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

live Lahore aqi ranking

Real-time Lahore air quality ranking

#stationUS AQI
1 Zacky Farms

195

2 Phase 8 Ivy Green

171

3 Fida Hussain House

170

4 CERP Office

162

5 NETSOL LHR OD

161

6 Pakistan Engineering Services (Pvt) Ltd.

161

7 Revenue Employees Coop Housing Society

161

8 Thokar Niaz Baig

158

9 Syed Maratib Ali Road

156

10 Bread & Beyond Lahore

154

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

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US AQI

156

live AQI index
Unhealthy

Human face indicating AQI level

Overview

What is the current air quality in Lahore?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Unhealthy 156 US AQItrendPM2.5
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
65µg/m³trend
!

PM2.5

x13

PM2.5 concentration in Lahore is currently 13 times the WHO annual air quality guideline value

Health Recommendations

What is the current air quality in Lahore?

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Forecast

Lahore air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Thursday, Apr 11

Moderate 63 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon
98.6° 71.6°
Wind rotating 12 degree 6.7 mp/h
Friday, Apr 12

Moderate 92 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon
98.6° 71.6°
Wind rotating 84 degree 6.7 mp/h
Saturday, Apr 13

Unhealthy for sensitive groups 126 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon
91.4° 71.6°
Wind rotating 265 degree 20.1 mp/h
Today

Unhealthy 156 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon 30%
84.2° 66.2°
Wind rotating 16 degree 11.2 mp/h
Monday, Apr 15

Unhealthy for sensitive groups 146 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon 100%
93.2° 68°
Wind rotating 336 degree 13.4 mp/h
Tuesday, Apr 16

Unhealthy for sensitive groups 126 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon 50%
93.2° 66.2°
Wind rotating 324 degree 8.9 mp/h
Wednesday, Apr 17

Moderate 98 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon
96.8° 69.8°
Wind rotating 297 degree 8.9 mp/h
Thursday, Apr 18

Unhealthy for sensitive groups 117 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon 80%
95° 77°
Wind rotating 79 degree 11.2 mp/h
Friday, Apr 19

Unhealthy for sensitive groups 121 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon 100%
87.8° 68°
Wind rotating 309 degree 15.7 mp/h
Saturday, Apr 20

Unhealthy for sensitive groups 124 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon 80%
87.8° 64.4°
Wind rotating 354 degree 6.7 mp/h

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How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in Lahore

AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR Lahore

How polluted is Lahore’s air?

Lahore suffers from high levels of air pollution, with the city regularly ranking at the top of IQAir AirVisual’s live pollution rankings of major global cities. However, pollution only rose to the top of the public’s consciousness in early 2017, when actionable air quality data was published for the first time in Pakistan. In the absence of publicly available government data, a network of citizen-operated sensors began to monitor fine particulate matter, also known as PM2.5, and report data in real-time. The data laid bare Lahore’s high levels of air pollution, shocking the public and becoming a media talking point.  

The resulting publicity led to a public interest petition to review the government’s response to the smog crisis, which was heard at Lahore’s High Court in November 2017. The court ordered authorities to prepare an updated smog response action plan, and publish daily pollution updates until able to publish hourly updates, as the non-government monitors do.

Following the court order, the Punjab Environment Protection Council approved a Smog Action Plan and adopted an Air Quality Index (AQI) classification system in 2017. However, the AQI has been criticized by air quality advocates as being too lax and underreporting the severity of the pollution. While the U.S. AQI deems a PM2.5 concentration of 60 micrograms per cubic meter in  the air as “Unhealthy”, Punjab’s AQI reads as “Satisfactory”, with the advice: “May cause minor breathing discomfort to sensitive people.”

Because of this discrepancy, in November 2019, three children asked a court to declare the Punjab AQI “illegal and unreasonable.”

Does the Pakistani government publish real-time air quality data?

As of November 2019, Pakistani authorities still don’t publish any real-time PM2.5 air quality data. All data come from non-government sensors and the U.S. State Department. The U.S. Embassy in Islamabad, and the three U.S. Consulates in Karachi, Lahore and Peshawar began monitoring and publishing real-time PM2.5 data online in the first half of 2019.  

When is Lahore’s air pollution at its worst?

Air quality in Lahore usually worsens during the winter season from October to February when farmers in the wider Punjab province set light to the remnants of crops, producing smoke that adds to smog. At the same time, weather changes mean pollutants remain trapped in the air for longer.

In November 2019, during the heart of Pakistan’s “smog season”, Lahore regularly came second only to Delhi – and sometimes overtook the Indian city – as the world’s most polluted city on IQAir AirVisual’s live rankings of major global cities.

Is Lahore the most polluted city?

In 2018, Lahore ranked 10 in IQAir AirVisual’s 2018 World Air Quality Report. Neighbouring city Faisalabad's air pollution ranked number 3, while air pollution in Islamabad – Pakistan’s capital city – came in significantly lower at number 239. Karachi air pollution was the lowest among the four cities at number 318.

Overall, Pakistan air pollution caused the country to be ranked as the second most polluted in the world with an annual PM2.5 average of 74.3 µg/m³.

What causes air pollution in Lahore?

Air pollution in Lahore is caused by a combination of vehicle and industrial emissions, smoke from brick kilns, the burning of crop residue and general waste, and dust from construction sites. Other factors of air pollution include large scale losses of trees to build new roads and buildings.

Winter air pollution is worse due to temperature inversion, which results in a layer of warm air that is prevented from rising trapping air pollutants.

How can air pollution in Lahore be reduced?

Real-time air quality data must first be made available to everyone with greater granularity. When people know how much pollution they are breathing, they can better take measures to protect themselves and be enabled to mobilise efforts around tackling air pollution.

Reducing industrial and vehicular emissions is also critical to improving the air quality. Prime Minister Imran Khan has told his cabinet that tackling air pollution is a priority, and authorities have taken measures to reduce pollution from brick kilns. Under the Punjab Green Development Program (PGDP) project, there are plans to do more, including establishing 10 air quality monitoring stations in Lahore.

Individuals can take steps in their daily life to reduce personal emissions by carpooling or taking public transport, actively switching to greener fuel alternatives, and more.

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