Air quality in Vadodara

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Vadodara

LAST UPDATE (local time)

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Weather

What is the current weather in Vadodara?

Weather icon
WeatherScattered clouds
Temperature80.6°C
Humidity83%
Wind5.7 mp/h
Pressure1006 mb

live aqi city ranking

Real-time India city ranking

Tooltip icon
#cityUS AQI
1 Bhiwadi, Rajasthan

194

2 Hosur, Tamil Nadu

165

3 Durgapur, West Bengal

164

4 Kota, Rajasthan

156

5 Chakapara, West Bengal

155

6 Pitampura, Delhi

155

7 Rohtak, Haryana

153

8 Singrauli, Madhya Pradesh

149

9 Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh

148

10 Bawana, Delhi

144

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

live Vadodara aqi ranking

Real-time Vadodara air quality ranking

Tooltip icon
#stationUS AQI
1 Gujrat State Fertilizers and Chemicals Ltd AAQMS_4

126

2 GIDC, Nandesari - Nandesari Ind. Association

96

3 Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertilizers and Chemicals Ltd Unit-1 AAQMS_3

92

4 Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertilizers and Chemicals Ltd Unit-1 AAQMS_1

87

5 Gujrat State Fertilizers and Chemicals Ltd AAQMS_1

74

6 Gujrat State Fertilizers and Chemicals Ltd AAQMS_2

69

7 Gujrat State Fertilizers and Chemicals Ltd AAQMS_3

33

8 Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertilizers and Chemicals Ltd Unit-2

17

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

US AQI

96

live AQI index
Moderate

Human face indicating AQI level

Overview

What is the current air quality in Vadodara?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Moderate 96 US AQIPM2.5
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
33.4 µg/m³
PM10
46 µg/m³trend
NO2
1.6 µg/m³
SO2
0.8 µg/m³trend
!

PM2.5

x3

PM2.5 concentration in Vadodara air is currently 3 times above the WHO annual air quality guideline value

Health Recommendations

How to protect from air pollution in Vadodara?

An open window iconClose your windows to avoid dirty outdoor air
A man cycling iconSensitive groups should reduce outdoor exercise

Forecast

Vadodara air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Tuesday, Sep 21

Moderate 75 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Wednesday, Sep 22

Moderate 77 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Thursday, Sep 23

Moderate 93 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Today

Moderate 96 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon87.8°75.2°
Wind rotating 223 degree

8.9 mp/h

Saturday, Sep 25

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 109 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon86°77°
Wind rotating 231 degree

8.9 mp/h

Sunday, Sep 26

Moderate 97 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon78.8°75.2°
Wind rotating 162 degree

4.5 mp/h

Monday, Sep 27

Moderate 84 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon87.8°75.2°
Wind rotating 187 degree

4.5 mp/h

Tuesday, Sep 28

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 103 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon84.2°75.2°
Wind rotating 175 degree

8.9 mp/h

Wednesday, Sep 29

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 115 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon84.2°75.2°
Wind rotating 189 degree

11.2 mp/h

Thursday, Sep 30

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 118 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon87.8°75.2°
Wind rotating 243 degree

6.7 mp/h

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Historical

Historic air quality graph for Vadodara

How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in Vadodara

AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR Vadodara

What is the air quality index of Vadodara?

Vadodara is an Indian city in the state of Gujarat and was also known as Baroda. In 2011 it had a population of almost 2 million, making it the 20th most populous city in India. Towards the end of 2020, the air quality index (US AQI) measured 147 which classifies the air quality as “Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups” according to recommendations by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The main pollutant is the fine particulate matter (PM2.5). The recorded concentration for this was 54.2 µg/m³. These figures are based on IQAir’s AQI modelling system using satellite data as there are no ground-level monitoring stations as yet.

What are the main sources of air pollution in Vadodara?

As with all cities, the main cause of air pollution is the number of vehicles using the road network. Because of its strategic location, Vadodara has become a central transportation hub between the cities of Delhi, Mumbai with Ahmedabad. It is also served by an international airport.

Vadodara is an important industrial city, some of the major industries operating here include petrochemicals, fertilizer production, plastics, engineering, pharmaceuticals and information technology. Many of these large manufacturers are located in the vicinity of the Gujarat refinery as they are dependent on it for their fuel.

Some agricultural practices also add to the air pollution in Vadodara through the burning of organic waste to prepare the ground for the next crop.

Surprisingly, domestic emissions add a considerable amount of pollutants through the use of solid-fuel cooking stoves and domestic furnaces. Dung from cows and buffalo is often mixed with leaves and twigs and shaped into “cakes”. These are then left in the sun to dry and used as a form of fuel in the traditional stove or Chulha. They are remarkably efficient as one cake can give off as much as 2100 kJ worth of energy. And because of their low cost and availability, it is easy to understand why the tradition continues even though they give off a large number of pollutants when they are burnt.

Is the air quality in Vadodara getting better or worse?

The Vadodara Municipal Corporation (VMC) has begun to measure the AQI levels and also other pollutants from seven newly installed monitoring stations installed in various locations across the central city area. Comparisons can easily be made once the data is analysed and recommendations made to improve the situation. Two of these stations in Gorwa and at Kalali Road were returning measurements which classed the air quality as very poor.

The quality of air in Vadodara can vary at different times of the year. During the winter months, a temperature inversion occurs. This phenomenon causes the air to stop circulating due to different temperatures found at different heights. Emissions produced by vehicles and dust rising up from the ground exacerbate the situation.

Doctors always report a sharp increase in winter in the number of patients who they treat for respiratory infections. The traditional festivities of Diwali in late October or early November signal the beginning of the winter problems. It is custom to set off fireworks at Diwali which causes a spike in the levels of pollution. This is then followed by a drop in temperature as winter starts.

What can be done to improve Vadodara’s air quality?

The air quality in Vadodara is monitored by the Vadodara Mahanagar Seva Sadan (VMSS) who assume responsibility of the 235 square kilometre area which houses the main city. In order to identify problematic areas, this large area is sub-divided into blocks measuring 1 square kilometre. Because the weather plays an important part in air quality, meteorological records are also studied. Heavy rain and high winds soon dissipate any particles of pollution suspended in the air. Conversely, during winter when temperatures and inversion heights are low, the poor quality air becomes trapped between the different layers in the air. During the winter months, domestic levels of emission rise sharply due to the need to heat their homes.

The flow of traffic is monitored as it flows through these 1 square kilometre grids. Information about the speed at which it travels and areas of congestion are correlated. The main pollutants measured in this grid system are sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitric oxide (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), and volatile organic compounds (VOC). Particulate matter (PM) is split into four groups. PM2.5 is for particles with a measurement of less than 2.5 microns in diameter. PM 10 particles measure less than 10 microns. The two remaining pollutants are black carbon (BC) and organic carbon (OC).

The Vadodara Municipal Corporation (VMC) liaise with the VMSS and process the data obtained from the monitoring stations. These figures are then made available to the residents via a downloadable app (my Vadodara) on their smartphones.

The VMC provides public transport that largely uses CNG (Condensed Natural Gas) or LPG (Liquefied Propane Gas) as it is a relatively clean type of fuel, but residents still prefer to use their own private form of transport because it will always be more convenient.

What are the health effects of Vadodara’s polluted air?

Healthy people can suffer from exposure to polluted air depending on the concentration of the pollutant and their type and the length of time subject to that exposure. This situation is much worse for people who already suffer from respiratory or other health problems.

High levels of air pollution can aggravate respiratory and cardiovascular illnesses. It adds stress to the heart as it has to work harder to get the amount of oxygen that the body needs. Cells in the lungs can easily be damaged by these microscopic particles. Long-term exposure prematurely causes the lungs to age, thus decreasing their capacity and their ability to function efficiently.

Some groups of people are more susceptible to polluted air than others. Pregnant women, senior citizens and those who have outdoor jobs are at an increased risk. Children under the age of 14 years are at risk because their lungs are still growing and are not yet fully developed. Athletes who exercise outside are putting their health at risk too.

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