|3||Artist Village, Maharashtra|
|10||Asansol, West Bengal|
(local time)SEE WORLD AQI RANKING
live AQI index
|Air pollution level||Air quality index||Main pollutant|
|Unhealthy|| 175 US AQI||PM2.5|
PM2.5 concentration in Deoli is currently 20.4 times the WHO annual air quality guideline value
|Sunday, Dec 4|
Very Unhealthy 208 US AQI
|Monday, Dec 5|
Unhealthy 191 US AQI
|Tuesday, Dec 6|
Unhealthy 189 US AQI
Unhealthy 175 US AQI
|Thursday, Dec 8|
Unhealthy 153 US AQI
|Friday, Dec 9|
Unhealthy 162 US AQI
|Saturday, Dec 10|
Unhealthy 153 US AQI
|Sunday, Dec 11|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 138 US AQI
|Monday, Dec 12|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 136 US AQI
|Tuesday, Dec 13|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 135 US AQI
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Deoli has unhealthy levels of air pollution present as of 2022, with these spikes in the US AQI readings continuing from previous years. The US AQI reading itself is an aggregate of the various pollutants (the main ones, which will be discussed further in the article), and in early February of 2022, Deoli was on record with a reading of 263, a significant figure that placed it into the ‘very unhealthy’ air quality rating bracket, second to worst just behind the hazardous air quality rating. As such, the air in Deoli can be considered as highly polluted and preventative measures should be taken to ensure that minimal health issues are sustained from breathing polluted air.
It is indeed highly possible to become ill from breathing higher quantities of air pollution in Deoli. Some of the more common health issues include dry coughs and accompanying chest infections, along with some ailments that fall under the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) bracket. These include asthma, bronchitis, emphysema and pneumonia, all of which can be both caused, and made significantly worse by breathing excessive (or even smaller) amounts of pollution in Deoli. Other issues include early deaths linked directly to pollution exposure, with terminal illnesses such as various forms of cancer contributing to this. Heart attacks, strokes and many other pulmonary or cardiac issues may present themselves, which can shorten life expectancy as well as one's quality of life by a fair amount.
Some examples of air pollutants that are found in varying amounts in the air throughout Deoli include ones such as black carbon and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Due to both of these pollutants being released from the burning of both organic material as well as fossil fuels, they can be found in fairly large quantities in many areas that see any level of industrial activity, or anywhere that has some form of burning or combustion occurring. Black carbon has many dangerous side effects when inhaled, as well as also having warming effects on the environment. Some examples of VOCs include benzene, methylene chloride, xylene and formaldehyde, all of which come with many adverse health effects when they enter the body. Other pollutants include those that go into making up the US AQI reading, which are main chemical compounds such as nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone (smog), carbon monoxide and both PM10 and PM2.5. These are but a small number of the variety of pollutants that can be found throughout the atmosphere in Deoli, with differing quantities depending on the area. The ones mentioned above that form the US AQI figure are perhaps the most common, hence why they are used so prominently in calculating the air pollution levels, both in Deoli and throughout the world.
Air pollution accumulating within Deoli sees many causes that are not significantly different than that of many other cities and states throughout India. As with all cities, there is a rapidly growing population (although not as significant in cities such as Deoli when compared to New Delhi and other megacities), and along with this comes continual increases in energy consumption, as well growth in the transportation industry, along with many others.
Vehicle ownership continues to rise throughout Delhi, which can cause large spikes of air pollution to appear in certain areas of the state as well as its various cities, in particular those that see higher levels of rush hour traffic, or areas where large amounts of vehicles congregate due to an excess of vehicles and inadequate road capacity. This ends up with large amounts of smoke and other toxic chemical compounds given out, many of which can undergo reactions when exposed to large amounts of sunlight (which is found in abundance throughout the state of Delhi and the rest of India). This main one would be ozone or smog as it is better known, and is formed when various gases and oxides of nitrogen, all of which are given off by exhaust fumes, are exposed to solar radiation, forming large and visible clouds of smog that can be seen permeating the roads of many busy cities both in India and throughout the world. Vehicles can cause many pollution-related issues because not only do they require a form of combustion within their engines (with a majority of air pollution stemming from a variety of different combustion sources), but many vehicles in use in Deoli are older, potentially worn out and have lower quality engines that are past their best years. To compounds this further, lower quality fuels are sometimes used, along with fossil fuels such as diesel also being utilized in larger vehicles such as lorries and trucks. Old cars and motorbikes can give out large amounts of noxious oil vapors, as well as churn out far more dangerous particles than a newer or more environmentally friendly counterpart would. The above-mentioned heavy-duty or freight vehicles such as trucks can also be significant offenders, spewing out clouds of black smoke, as well as the residual wear and tear of their tire treads causing many tons of microscopic rubber particles to be released into the environment.
As such, vehicles are one of the more consistent, or year-round contributors to air pollution in Deoli, but there are also many other sources present. These include dust and particles thrown up by poorly paved roads (assisted by having a high quantity of vehicles driving over them daily), along with the open burning of refuse and waste, although this continues to be on a decline throughout Asia due to more stringent rules being introduced (although they are not always adhered to strictly, particularly in more rural areas where these practices can continue unabated due to lack of education as well as sufficient enforcement). Brick kilns using low-quality or dirty fuels can contribute largely, along with emissions from factories, industrial sites and other similar areas. These are all many factors that cause pollution levels to be high in Deoli, with different areas of the city naturally having these factors in varying quantities.
Those who are affected the most by acute or chronic exposure to air pollutants are people such as elderly citizens, as well as those that have weakened or compromised immune systems, as well as pre-existing health conditions (particularly of the cardiac or pulmonary variety) all making one far more susceptible to adverse effects. Others include pregnant mothers, with the unborn child potentially sustaining many health issues if the mother breathes excessive amounts of pollution during gestation. Young children and babies are also affected by air pollution, which can stunt growth and cause several other potentially lifelong health issues.