|9||Sirsa, Uttar Pradesh|
(local time)SEE WORLD AQI RANKING
live AQI index
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups
|Air pollution level||Air quality index||Main pollutant|
|Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups|| 116 US AQI||PM2.5|
PM2.5 concentration in Muzaffarpur is currently 8.3 times the WHO annual air quality guideline value
|Sunday, Sep 25|
Moderate 98 US AQI
|Monday, Sep 26|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 106 US AQI
|Tuesday, Sep 27|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 121 US AQI
|Wednesday, Sep 28|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 148 US AQI
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 116 US AQI
|Friday, Sep 30|
Unhealthy 164 US AQI
|Saturday, Oct 1|
Unhealthy 165 US AQI
|Sunday, Oct 2|
Unhealthy 165 US AQI
|Monday, Oct 3|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 139 US AQI
|Tuesday, Oct 4|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 121 US AQI
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The air in Muzaffarpur is currently experiencing large amounts of pollution, with US AQI readings coming in as high as 163 in the latter portion of January 2022. This would place it into the 'unhealthy' air quality rating bracket for that particular day and time in which the reading was taken (with other prominent air pollution measures such as the PM2.5 reading being some 15.6 times higher than the recommended safe exposure levels set out by the World Health Organization's guidelines). Whilst there is not a huge amount of pre-existing data for Muzaffarpur, one can see that from readings taken in early 2022, as well as patterns of air pollution that have been on record in neighboring cities in Bihar, the air quality would be fairly detrimental to one’s health. To prevent these negative and ill side effects from occurring, practicing caution and preventative measures can go a long way in ensuring that the large quantities of smoke, haze and dangerous clouds of ultrafine particles (as well as larger ones such as PM10) are not breathed so excessively. Pollution readings can be monitored on the air quality maps, graphs and forecasts present on this page, as well as on the AirVisual app, which can provide users with hourly updates. There are large amounts of air pollution present in Muzaffarpur, and any efforts taken to reduce exposure (as well as future incentives to reduce these high levels) will aid greatly in reducing adverse health effects, some of which will be discussed in further detail in the following questions.
The cause of air pollution building up within the city limits of Muzaffarpur is similar to that of many other cities, towns and villages throughout India. Primarily, with its rapidly growing population, there is a massively increased need for energy, as well as transportation. Vehicle ownership continues to rise throughout the country, which can cause large spikes of air pollution to appear in certain areas of the city such as those that see higher levels of rush hour traffic, or bottlenecked areas where large amounts of vehicles can congregate, pouring out huge amounts of smoke and other toxic chemical compounds, some of which can undergo reactions when exposed to large amounts of sunlight (which is found in abundance throughout India). This main one would be ozone or smog as it is better known, and is formed when various gases and oxides of nitrogen, all of which are given off by exhaust fumes, are exposed to solar radiation, forming large and visible clouds of smog that can be seen permeating the roads of many busy cities both in India and throughout the world.
Vehicles present an issue because not only do they require a form of combustion within their engines (with a majority of air pollution stemming from a variety of different combustion sources), but many vehicles in use in Muzaffarpur are older, potentially worn out and have lower quality engines that are past their best years. To compounds this further, lower quality fuels are sometimes used, along with fossil fuels such as diesel also being utilized in larger vehicles such as lorries and trucks. Old cars and motorbikes can give out large amounts of noxious oil vapors, as well as churn out far more dangerous particles than a newer or more environmentally friendly counterpart would. The above-mentioned heavy-duty or freight vehicles such as trucks can also be significant offenders, spewing out clouds of black smoke, as well as the residual wear and tear of their tire treads causing many tons of microscopic rubber particles to be released into the environment. As such, vehicles are one of the more consistent, or year-round contributors to air pollution in Muzaffarpur, but there are also many other sources present. These include dust and particles thrown up by poorly paved roads (assisted by having a high quantity of vehicles driving over them daily), along with the open burning of refuse and waste, although this continues to be on a decline throughout Asia due to more stringent rules being introduced (although they are not always adhered to strictly, particularly in more rural areas where these practices can continue unabated due to lack of education as well as sufficient enforcement). Brick kilns using low-quality or dirty fuels can contribute largely, along with emissions from factories, industrial sites and other similar areas. These are all many factors that cause pollution levels to be high in Muzaffarpur, with different areas of the city naturally having these factors in varying quantities.
Air pollution in Muzaffarpur can be extremely detrimental to one’s health, so not only is it dangerous to individuals who live in Muzaffarpur, but it can also have long-lasting effects that can cause a myriad of health issues in the next generation due to damage to the environment, as well as residual pollutants being left in the soil and water, as well as making their way into the food chain and thus ending up in people. Some more common health issues include dry coughs and accompanying chest infections, along with some ailments that fall under the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) bracket. These include asthma, bronchitis, emphysema and pneumonia, all of which can be both caused, and made significantly worse by breathing excessive (or even smaller) amounts of pollution in Muzaffarpur. Other issues include early deaths linked directly to pollution exposure, with terminal illnesses such as various forms of cancer contributing to this. Heart attacks, strokes and many other pulmonary or cardiac issues may present themselves, displaying just how dangerous air pollution exposure can truly be.
People that are affected the most by air pollution exposure in Muzaffarpur include the elderly, along with young children, pregnant mothers, as well as those that have pre-existing health conditions or compromised immune systems. Extra care should be taken by these groups to ensure that more chronic or acute conditions are avoided.
Some of the main air pollutants found in Muzaffarpur would be those that make up the US AQI figure, which are the two forms of particle pollution, PM10 and PM2.5, along with nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, the aforementioned ozone, and carbon monoxide. Other pollutants include black carbon and Volatile organic compounds (VOCs), with some examples of VOCs including benzene, styrene and formaldehyde.