Air quality in Handan

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Handan

Last update at (local time)

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Weather

What is the current weather in Handan?

Weather icon
WeatherBroken clouds
Temperature80.6°C
Humidity18%
Wind14.5 mp/h
Pressure1011 mb

live aqi city ranking

Real-time China city ranking

#cityUS AQI
1 Turpan, Xinjiang

1912

2 Wuwei, Gansu

1062

3 Jiuquan, Gansu

872

4 Kumul, Xinjiang

723

5 Jiayuguan, Gansu

566

6 Jinchang, Henan

412

7 Hotan, Xinjiang

374

8 Zhangye, Gansu

326

9 Sanmenxia, Henan

292

10 Zhoukou, Henan

238

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

live Handan aqi ranking

Real-time Handan air quality ranking

#stationUS AQI
1 Guangping County Party Committee

72

2 Wei County Minyou Lake

65

3 Linzhang No. 3 Middle School

63

4 Wei County No. 7 Elementary School

63

5 Hanshan Finance Bureau

61

6 Cheng'an Xiaodi West Village

58

7 Fuxing Convention and Exhibition Center

58

8 Yongnian Sports Plaza

58

9 Yongnian River Spring Water Plant

57

10 Qiu County Market Management Bureau

56

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

US AQI

49

live AQI index
Good

Human face indicating AQI level

Overview

What is the current air quality in Handan?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Good 49 US AQItrendO3
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
8.5µg/m³trend
PM10
43µg/m³trend
O3
119µg/m³trend
NO2
6µg/m³trend
SO2
6µg/m³trend
CO
200µg/m³
!

PM2.5

x1.7

PM2.5 concentration in Handan air is currently 1.7 times above the WHO annual air quality guideline value

Health Recommendations

How to protect from air pollution in Handan?

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Forecast

Handan air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Sunday, May 22

Moderate 86 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon95°69.8°
Wind rotating 179 degree

15.7 mp/h

Monday, May 23

Moderate 96 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon93.2°69.8°
Wind rotating 193 degree

11.2 mp/h

Tuesday, May 24

Moderate 97 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon96.8°68°
Wind rotating 167 degree

8.9 mp/h

Today

Good 49 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon82.4°68°
Wind rotating 33 degree

22.4 mp/h

Thursday, May 26

Moderate 84 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon91.4°68°
Wind rotating 255 degree

13.4 mp/h

Friday, May 27

Moderate 94 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon98.6°69.8°
Wind rotating 215 degree

6.7 mp/h

Saturday, May 28

Unhealthy 168 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon102.2°73.4°
Wind rotating 192 degree

20.1 mp/h

Sunday, May 29

Unhealthy 175 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon102.2°71.6°
Wind rotating 349 degree

24.6 mp/h

Monday, May 30

Moderate 68 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon95°66.2°
Wind rotating 191 degree

8.9 mp/h

Tuesday, May 31

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 109 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon104°73.4°
Wind rotating 194 degree

11.2 mp/h

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Historical

Historic air quality graph for Handan

How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in Handan

AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR Handan

What is the level of air pollution in Handan?

Handan is a prefecture-level city located in the southwest of Hebei province, China. It shares land borders with four other provinces. As a result of the census conducted in 2010 it had an estimated population of just over 9 million people.

In the second quarter of 2021, Handan was experiencing a quality of air that was classified as being “Unhealthy for sensitive groups” with a US AQI reading of 137. This is in accordance with recommendations by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The concentration levels of the six main pollutants were as follows: PM2.5 - 50 µg/m³, PM10 - 114 µg/m³, ozone (O3) - 152 µg/m³, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) - 16 µg/m³, sulphur dioxide (SO2) - 16 µg/m³ and carbon monoxide (CO) - 780 µg/m³. The figures are quoted in microns/micrograms per cubic metre.

With relatively high levels of pollution, it is best not to open doors and windows to prevent the ingress of more dirty air. Those of a sensitive disposition should avoid venturing outside until the air quality improves. Everybody should avoid rigorous outdoor exercise as even healthy people are affected by polluted air. If there is an air purifier available, it is advisable to use it to ensure the good quality of the indoor environment.

Does the level of air pollution in Handan differ throughout the year?

Having studied the recently released figures from 2020 on the IQAir website, it can be seen that the air quality varies throughout the year. Hardly surprising as it can differ from day to day and indeed even differ throughout the day. The months with the lowest quality air were the winter months of November, December, January and February when the quality was classes as “Unhealthy” with readings of 66.6 µg/m³, 84.1 µg/m³, 143.4 µg/m³, and 65.4 µg/m³ respectively.

A large spike is clearly noticeable for January. The rest of the year, with the exception of August, was registered with levels classified as being “Unhealthy for sensitive groups” with readings between 35.5 and 55.4 µg/m³. August was the cleanest month of the year with “Moderate” levels of pollution with a reading of 31.1 µg/m³.

When compared to previous years the quality can be seen to be improving year after year. In 2017 when data was first recorded, the level stood at 96.7 µg/m³, followed by 74 µg/m³ in 2018.

2019 again saw an improvement with a 64.3 µg/m³ measurement and finally, 58.9 µg/m³ was noted for 2020.

What are the sources of air pollution in Handan?

Hebei Province is the province with the highest concentration of heavily polluted cities in China. Residents of the two villages of Nansitou and Dongluzhuang report that some manufacturers will start the most polluting processes at night because government departments rarely check at that time. A website of the Hebei government recorded approximately 11,000 pollution complaints in the past nine years. Among them, 700 complaints were related to the discharge of pollutants at night. Many complainants stated that the local environmental protection department did not take measures to solve the problem.

Hebei Province surrounds Beijing on three sides and is also the source of one-third of Beijing’s air pollution. Because of this, the pollution problem in Hebei Province has attracted more attention. The above-mentioned village is located near Handan, an important steel town in China, and official statistics show that Handan was the most polluted Chinese city in the first four months of 2017.

Handan is an old industrial base. There are 613 enterprises in key industries such as steel, coking, cement and casting, and the total pollutant emissions have ranked amongst the top three in Hebei for many years.

Can anything be done to improve the air quality in Handan?

Handan is known as the "Steel City and Coal City", and the improvement of the steel industry's governance standards has become the primary task of the new round of air pollution prevention and control battles. In Hebei Xinjin Iron and Steel Co., Ltd., it is seen that the company is stepping up equipment transformation. The head of the company's environmental protection department said that in this round of ultra-low emission standard transformation, Xinjin Iron and Steel Company has invested 120 million yuan to install 3 sets of de-nitrification and de-whitening equipment for 3 sintering machines. The entire renovation project is expected to be completed within a few months. By then, the concentration of particulate matter emissions will be controlled below 10 µg/m³, sulphur dioxide will be controlled below 35 µg/m³, and nitrogen oxides will be controlled below 50 µg/m³, meeting ultra-low emission requirements.

The discharge standards of major pollutants have been improved, and the governance of unorganised emissions is also deepening. In the upgrading and transformation, Xinjin Iron and Steel Company simultaneously invested nearly 100 million yuan to control the source of all unorganised dust points such as the company's shed, coal crushing, blanking port and the belt and coke feeding point. Dust suppression measures for factory roads and areas with severe dust to reduce fugitive emissions are being introduced and strictly enforced.

What effects does polluted air have on our health and the environment?

Breathing unclean air not only causes discomfort in the throat but also can cause serious diseases, because greenhouse gases and airborne particles can damage the human lungs and cause diseases such as asthma. Children and adults are not immune. In addition, air pollution can cause damage to various organs of the human body.

Although air pollution has the most impact on human health, it also has a significant impact on many different types of ecosystems, reducing crop yields and endangering forest health. It also reduces atmospheric visibility, accelerates the corrosion of materials, buildings, monuments and cultural sites, and causes the acidification of sensitive lake ecosystems.

Air pollution is also closely related to climate change because many greenhouse gases (GHG) and air pollutants come from the same source. Many air pollutants are not only harmful to human health, but also powerful climate forcing factors, which will not only affect the lives of people today but also endanger future generations. Coordinated measures to reduce air pollution and greenhouse gases, such as measures to address short-term climate pollutants (SLCP), can bring great benefits to public health and the environment.

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