Air quality in Antofagasta

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Antofagasta

Last update at (local time)

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Weather

What is the current weather in Antofagasta?

Weather icon
WeatherFew clouds
Temperature71.6°F
Humidity79%
Wind0.4 mp/h
Pressure29.9 Hg

live aqi city ranking

Real-time Chile city ranking

#cityUS AQI
1 Nacimiento, Biobio

451

2 Traiguen, Araucania

391

3 Victoria, Araucania

387

4 Chillan, Biobio

370

5 Angol, Araucania

299

6 Los Ángeles, Biobio

254

7 Laja, Biobio

176

8 Linares, Maule

149

9 Chiguayante, Biobio

112

10 Arica, Arica y Parinacota

102

(local time)

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live Antofagasta aqi ranking

Real-time Antofagasta air quality ranking

#1 Air Quality App

Free iOS and Android air quality app

AirVisual App, Free iOS and Android air quality app

US AQI

25*

live AQI index
Good

Human face indicating AQI level

Overview

What is the current air quality in Antofagasta?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Good 25* US AQIPM2.5
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
6.1*µg/m³
NO2
8.7*µg/m³
!

PM2.5

x1.2

PM2.5 concentration in Antofagasta is currently 1.2 times the WHO annual air quality guideline value

Health Recommendations

How to protect from air pollution in Antofagasta?

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Forecast

Antofagasta air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Today

Good 25 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon77°68°
Wind rotating 230 degree

8.9 mp/h

Sunday, Feb 5

Good 40 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon75.2°68°
Wind rotating 233 degree

8.9 mp/h

Monday, Feb 6

Moderate 53 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon75.2°68°
Wind rotating 236 degree

8.9 mp/h

Tuesday, Feb 7

Moderate 65 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon73.4°68°
Wind rotating 241 degree

8.9 mp/h

Wednesday, Feb 8

Moderate 51 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon73.4°66.2°
Wind rotating 238 degree

6.7 mp/h

Thursday, Feb 9

Good 42 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon75.2°66.2°
Wind rotating 253 degree

6.7 mp/h

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Historical

Historic air quality graph for Antofagasta

How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in Antofagasta

AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR Antofagasta

What is the level of air pollution in Antofagasta currently?

Antofagasta is a port city in northern Chile, about 1,100 kilometres north of the capital of Santiago. It is the capital of Antofagasta Province and Antofagasta Region. A census was conducted in 2015 which estimated the population to be approximately 402,000 people.

The quality of the air in September 2021 was “Good” with a US AQI reading of 25. This United States Air Quality Index number is calculated using the levels of six of the most prolific air pollutants, such as nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide, ozone, carbon monoxide and both sizes of particulate matter, which are PM2.5 and PM10. It can then be used as the metric when comparing air quality in other cities around the world. If data is unavailable for all 6 pollutants, a figure can still be calculated by using what figures there are. For Antofagasta, the only reading was for PM2.5 which was 6.1 µg/m³. This level is below the recommended target figure of 10 µg/m³ which was suggested by the World Health Organisation (WHO). Probably why the air quality is classed as “Good”, although no amount of air pollution is considered to be safe.

With air quality at this level, doors and windows can be safely left open to allow a flow of fresh air into the rooms. All types of outdoor activities can be enjoyed without fear. For up-to-date information as to the state of the air, there is a downloadable app from AirVisual which is available for all operating systems.

Does the level of pollution stay the same throughout the year in Antofagasta?

The quality of air can and does change very quickly because it is influenced by many factors. Looking back at the published figures from 2020 by IQAir.com, it can readily be seen that the months with the poorest quality air were May, June and July. With respective figures of 12.8, 12.1 and 13.6 µg/m³ the quality was classified as being “Moderate”. Figures between 12.1 and 35.4 µg/m³ are categorised as such. Air quality during the months of April and August could be classified as “Good” with figures of 10.6 and 11.0 µg/m³. The remaining 7 months of the year attained the target figure or less, as recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The target figure being 10 µg/m³ or less.

Looking back to when records were first kept in 2017, the air quality was “Good” with an average annual reading of 10.6 µg/m³. The following year achieved the WHO target with a figure of 9.1 µg/m³. 2019 saw a decline in quality when the figure recorded was 12.2 µg/m³ which put it in the “Moderate” bracket. 2020 saw a return to the WHO target figure with a reading of 9.4 µg/m³. This low figure coincided with the COVID-19 pandemic when many vehicles were no longer in daily use in an attempt to stop the spread of the virus. Many factories and non-essential production units were also required to close which removed their emissions from the atmosphere and therefore, most cities revealed very good figures for air quality.

What is the source of the air pollution in Antofagasta?

In this region, the main sources of atmospheric pollutants are associated with mining extraction processes, copper smelters and electricity generation, Particulate Material, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides being the main pollutants emitted.

In the area there are two areas declared saturated by PM10 (Maria Elena and Chuquicamata) and one area declared latent by sulphur dioxide (Chuquicamata). However, the annual averages of PM10 registered in recent years have exceeded the level set in the annual PM10 standard in Calama, Tocopilla and Sierra Gorda, and the first two cities indicated are currently in the process of declaring a zone.

Other pollutants found in the air around the port were arsenic, copper, lead and cadmium. It is thought these originate due to the shipment and disembarkation of minerals to warehouses on the quayside. The average level of arsenic in northern Chile in some locations exceeds 4 times the maximum allowed.

What can be done to reduce air pollution in Antofagasta?

Lung cancer frequency has been progressively increasing; this has been linked to the use of inhaled tobacco and air pollution. In Chile, air pollution has reached alarming levels due to motor vehicle traffic, firewood burning for heating and minerals in urban areas.

An urgent call to the Public Health Department, made the Medical College of Chile and its regional Antofagasta, with the objective that said public department activates health prevention measures as soon as possible, to protect the health of the population of Antofagasta, against the serious and evident contamination with metallic dust from Chilean copper and Bolivian lead and zinc mining concentrates, which continue to affect the streets of the regional capital on a daily basis.

What are the detrimental effects of air pollution in Antofagasta on our health?

Air pollution has gained recognition and prominence on global agendas. In September 2015, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The central references to air pollution in the Agenda are made under three main target areas;

  • target 3.9 (substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses caused by dangerous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution)
  • target 7.1 (guarantee universal access affordable, reliable and modern energy services)
  • target 11.6 (reduce the negative per capita environmental impact of cities, including paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management)

What are the key facts with air pollution?

  • Air pollution is the main environmental risk to public health in the Americas.
  • Worldwide, nearly 7 million premature deaths were attributable to ambient air pollution in 2016. About 88% of these deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
  • More than 150 million people in Latin America live in cities that exceed the WHO Air Quality Guidelines.
  • Exposure to high levels of air pollution can cause a variety of adverse health outcomes: it increases the risk of respiratory infections, heart disease, strokes and lung cancer, which affect the vulnerable population in a greater proportion, children, older adults and pregnant women.
  • Air pollution in the home is associated with the use of fuels and inefficient cooking practices.

Where is the cleanest air quality in Antofagasta?

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