Air quality in Kanchanaburi

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Kanchanaburi

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What is the current weather in Kanchanaburi?

Weather icon
WeatherBroken clouds
Wind1.8 mp/h
Pressure29.7 Hg

live aqi city ranking

Real-time Thailand city ranking

#cityUS AQI
1 Ayutthaya, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya


2 Chatuchak, Bangkok


3 Bang Khun Thian, Bangkok


4 Pathum Wan, Bangkok


5 Khlong Toei, Bangkok


6 Bang Na, Bangkok


7 Watthana, Bangkok


8 Sukhothai, Sukhothai


9 Bang Phli, Samut Prakan


10 Samut Prakan, Samut Prakan


(local time)


live Kanchanaburi aqi ranking

Real-time Kanchanaburi air quality ranking

#stationUS AQI
1 Kanchanaburi Meteorological Station


2 Pipat Dental-Repair Handpiece


(local time)


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What is the current air quality in Kanchanaburi?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Good 40 US AQIPM2.5



PM2.5 concentration in Kanchanaburi is currently 2 times the WHO annual air quality guideline value

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Kanchanaburi air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Wednesday, Sep 20

Moderate 54 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon
82.4° 64.4°
Wind rotating 306 degree 2.2 mp/h
Thursday, Sep 21

Good 45 AQI US

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Weather icon
80.6° 66.2°
Wind rotating 301 degree 2.2 mp/h
Friday, Sep 22

Good 44 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon
80.6° 64.4°
Wind rotating 247 degree 2.2 mp/h

Good 40 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon 100%
75.2° 64.4°
Wind rotating 268 degree 2.2 mp/h
Sunday, Sep 24

Moderate 61 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon 90%
77° 64.4°
Wind rotating 260 degree 2.2 mp/h
Monday, Sep 25

Moderate 59 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon 100%
78.8° 64.4°
Wind rotating 243 degree 2.2 mp/h
Tuesday, Sep 26

Moderate 58 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon 100%
75.2° 64.4°
Wind rotating 263 degree 0 mp/h
Wednesday, Sep 27

Moderate 54 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon 100%
71.6° 64.4°
Wind rotating 70 degree 2.2 mp/h
Thursday, Sep 28

Good 43 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon 100%
69.8° 66.2°
Wind rotating 76 degree 2.2 mp/h
Friday, Sep 29

Good 19 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon 100%
68° 66.2°
Wind rotating 214 degree 8.9 mp/h

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Is Kanchanaburi a city with bad air pollution?

Kanchanaburi is a city in the western region of Thailand, belonging to the province of the same name, as well as being part of the Mueang Kanchanaburi district. The city was established a few hundred years ago as an outpost to guard against Burmese invasions, and finds itself some 123km west of the capital city, Bangkok. Kanchanaburi does not have any distinct features to it that draw large amounts of tourists, nor any hubs or centers or international trade or production. However, despite this it still manages to reach some fairly elevated levels of pollution, the reasons as to why being discussed in short.

In 2019, Kanchanaburi came in with a PM2.5 reading of 25.2 μg/m³, putting it into the mid to high end of the ‘moderate’ ratings bracket, a rating that requires a PM2.5 reading of any number between 12.1 to 35.4 μg/m³ to be classified as such. This is a somewhat elevated level of air pollution, making it come in fairly far ahead of the capital city Bangkok, a place that is already known for its own pollution issues. As such, this is indicative that Kanchanaburi has some distinct issues with pollution and will need a measure of work in the future to bring these levels down.

Its 2019 reading of 25.2 μg/m³ was enough to place it in 613th place out of all cities ranked worldwide, as well as 30th place out of all cities ranked in Thailand. Thus, as mentioned, the city has some pollution issues, with certain months going way higher and posing a great risk for many of its citizens.

When is pollution at its worst in Kanchanaburi?

Observing the data taken over the course of 2019 as a best indicator of pollution levels (due to 2020 having massive worldwide lockdowns imposed due to the covid-19 outbreak, which whilst great for reducing air pollution levels, skews the data somewhat as it is not indicative of the accurate levels of air pollution, hence why 2019 is being used), we can see a distinct pattern start to emerge.

The pollution levels have a high and low season corresponding with certain times of the year, with air quality taking a noticeable turn for the worst around November, worsening from then on out until around March or April of the following year (or in this case, still referring to the earlier months of 2019).

October to November is distinct in its decline, with a PM2.5 reading of 19.1 μg/m³ in October jumping rapidly to 30.1 μg/m³ in November, and then further more to 49.2 μg/m³ in December. This continues on until the next year, with readings in January coming in at the absolute highest, with a very polluted reading of 74.4 μg/m³ occurring in the first month of the year, putting January into the ‘unhealthy’ ratings bracket.

This continues on with a gradual improvement until May, when more normal and less dangerous levels of PM2.5 are seen recorded. So, in finishing, the beginning and end parts of the year have the most haze, smoke, pollution and particulate matter in the air, with January taking the number one spot as most polluted month of 2019.

When is air quality at its cleanest in Kanchanaburi?

To follow on from the previous question, as mentioned it is around the month of May when pollution levels start to resemble somewhat of a more normal and less hazardous pollutive presence. March came in with a PM2.5 reading of 43.6 μg/m³, putting it in the ‘unhealthy for sensitive groups’ bracket. This was followed by a reading of 29.4 μg/m³ in April, and then a further drop down to 16 μg/m³ in May.

It is from May until October when the best quality of air is seen in Kanchanaburi, a time when the residents as well as visitors will be able to breathe a much better quality of air, free from the haze and pollution of the beginning and end months of the year.

For the absolute cleanest months, which are a large redeeming factor in the city, June through to August all came in with the cleanest readings, falling within the World Health Organizations (WHO's) target bracket for clean air. They all came in with PM2.5 readings of 6.3 μg/m³, 7.4 μg/m³ and 6.2 μg/m³ respectively, making August the cleanest month out of the entire year and June a close second.

What are the main causes of pollution in Kanchanaburi?

For smaller cities such as Kanchanaburi, although polluting factors such as vehicle emissions would play a role in raising the ambient year round readings, the main issue here appears to be that of crop and stubble burning, with many farmers and inhabitants of the city burning vast swathes of land to prepare the soil for crops, as well as clearing room for land they may want to utilize for other purposes.

This has gone largely unchecked in the city and province, despite the practices being highly illegal. Many of the burn sites take place at night and in hard to reach areas, thus the enforcement of stopping the burning does not get followed through on as easily.

This is one of the main reasons behind the massive pollution readings present in such a small city. Other factors would include mining of natural resources, with lead mines having been a prominent topic mainly regarding soil and water pollution, but the resulting particulate matter can also lead to deadly clouds of the heavy metal entering the air and being respired by Kanchanaburi’s inhabitants.

What are some pollutants found in the air in Kanchanaburi?

With much of its air pollution coming from open burn sites, the pollutants would correspond with those released from the combustion of organic materials, as well as those released from vehicles and industrial areas.

Burning organic matter such as plants, wood and other similar materials often results in the release of chemicals such as black carbon and volatile organic compounds (VOC's), both of which can arise from the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels as well as organic matter. As such they would find their release from both vehicles that run on diesel fuels as well as the burning of plant and forest areas. Some examples of VOC's include benzene, xylene, toluene and formaldehyde, all of which are extremely dangerous and easy to respire due to their gaseous form.

Carbon monoxide can also be released in vast quantities, particularly deadly when done in poorly ventilated areas. The aforementioned black carbon is a major component of soot, also finding its release in vehicle exhaust. It is a known carcinogen and can makes its way into the lungs of people who are near to any burn sites, raising incidences of cancer and other severe health issues.

Kanchanaburi air quality data attribution


Data validated and calibrated by IQAirData validated and calibrated by IQAir

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