Air quality in Port Elizabeth

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Port Elizabeth

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Station(s) operated by

South African Air Quality Information System

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Weather

What is the current weather in Port Elizabeth?

Weather icon
WeatherClear sky
Temperature46.4°C
Humidity97%
Wind1 mp/h
Pressure1013 mb
Air pollution has cost an estimated230 deaths*in Port Elizabeth in 2021LEARN MORE*Air pollution also cost approximately $87,000,000 USD in Port Elizabeth in 2021.

live aqi city ranking

Real-time South Africa city ranking

#cityUS AQI
1 Rustenburg, North West

156

2 Springs, Gauteng

146

3 Mokopane, Limpopo

134

4 Middelburg, Mpumalanga

131

5 Standerton, Mpumalanga

130

6 Soshanguve, Gauteng

125

7 Ermelo, Mpumalanga

117

8 Ga-Rankuwa, North West

107

9 Pretoria, Gauteng

106

10 Johannesburg, Gauteng

97

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

live Port Elizabeth aqi ranking

Real-time Port Elizabeth air quality ranking

#stationUS AQI
1 Walmer

25

2 Saltworks

18

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

US AQI

18

live AQI index
Good

Human face indicating AQI level

Overview

What is the current air quality in Port Elizabeth?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Good 18 US AQIPM2.5
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
4.3µg/m³
PM10
11.1µg/m³trend
NO2
3.4µg/m³trend
SO2
2.6µg/m³trend

PM2.5 concentration in Port Elizabeth air currently meets the WHO annual air quality guideline value

Health Recommendations

How to protect from air pollution in Port Elizabeth?

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Forecast

Port Elizabeth air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Wednesday, Aug 10

Good 29 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon64.4°55.4°
Wind rotating 243 degree

20.1 mp/h

Thursday, Aug 11

Good 31 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon64.4°55.4°
Wind rotating 94 degree

6.7 mp/h

Friday, Aug 12

Good 27 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon60.8°53.6°
Wind rotating 243 degree

22.4 mp/h

Today

Good 18 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon55.4°46.4°
Wind rotating 257 degree

13.4 mp/h

Sunday, Aug 14

Good 8 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon55.4°48.2°
Wind rotating 255 degree

35.8 mp/h

Monday, Aug 15

Good 10 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon55.4°51.8°
Wind rotating 227 degree

26.8 mp/h

Tuesday, Aug 16

Good 23 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon68°50°
Wind rotating 42 degree

13.4 mp/h

Wednesday, Aug 17

Good 16 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon64.4°53.6°
Wind rotating 254 degree

26.8 mp/h

Thursday, Aug 18

Good 6 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon59°53.6°
Wind rotating 220 degree

29.1 mp/h

Friday, Aug 19

Good 13 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon60.8°53.6°
Wind rotating 269 degree

22.4 mp/h

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Historical

Historic air quality graph for Port Elizabeth

How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in Port Elizabeth

AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR Port Elizabeth

What is the current level of air pollution in Port Elizabeth?

Port Elizabeth, officially renamed Gqeberha and colloquially often referred to as PE, is a major seaport city in Eastern Cape province in South Africa. The city's name change was officially gazetted on 23rdFebruary 2021. According to a census conducted in 2020, Port Elizabeth had an estimated population of approximately 970,000 people. This increased to 1.15 million when considering the entire metropolis.

Towards the end of 2021, Port Elizabeth was enjoying a period of “Good” quality air with a US AQI reading of 47. This United States Air Quality Index number is calculated using the levels of six of the most commonly occurring air pollutants, such as nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide, ozone, carbon monoxide and both sizes of particulate matter, which are PM2.5 and PM10. It can then be used as the metric when comparing air quality in other cities around the world. If data is unavailable for all 6 pollutants, a figure can still be calculated by using what figures there are. In Port Elizabeth, four pollutants were recorded which were; PM2.5 - 9.2 µg/m³, PM10 - 52 µg/m³, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) - 30.2 µg/m³ and sulphur dioxide (SO2) - 5.2 µg/m³.

This level of PM2.5 is below the recommended safe level of 10 µg/m³ as suggested by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as being an acceptable level. Although no amount of air pollution is considered to be safe.When the air quality is “Good”, doors and windows can be safely opened to allow the clean fresh air inside. All forms of outdoor activity can be enjoyed without fear of contaminated air. For up-to-date information about air quality, there is an app available from AirVisual which is downloadable for all mobile devices.

Does the level of air pollution vary throughout the year in Port Elizabeth?

Air quality is very volatile as it is subject to many external influencing factors such as meteorological and atmospheric changes.

Looking back at the figures for 2020, released by IQAir.com, it can be seen that the months with the best quality air were January until May and August until December. During these ten months, the air quality was below the target figure of 10 µg/m³ as recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The lowest reading which indicates the best quality was during the months of January and again in November with readings of 7.2 µg/m³. The worst month was October with a 9.1 µg/m³ reading. The month of June returned a reading from the “Good” category with an 11.2 µg/m³ figure. July returned “Moderate air with a figure of 13.1 µg/m³.

Records for air pollution were first held in 2019 when a figure of 10.6 µg/m³ was recorded, which was from the “Good” category. Last year was even better when the WHO target figure was achieved with a reading of just 9.0 µg/m³. But this reading may have been affected by the COVID-19 situation as many vehicles were no longer in daily use because the offices were closed, in an attempt to halt the spread of the virus. Many factories and non-essential production units were also required to close which removed their emissions from the atmosphere.

What is the main source of air pollution in Port Elizabeth?

In South Africa, outdoor and indoor air pollution is considered a serious problem and emissions such as sulphur dioxide, particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide, nitric oxide, ozone, benzene and volatile organic compounds are considered a cause for concern. The air quality in different areas of the country is affected by air pollution that ends up in the air from various sources. These sources include power generation activities, industrial processes, waste disposal, transportation (private and public), biomass incineration (incineration of living or dead plant material including grassland, forest, agricultural waste and incineration of biomass for fuel), household fuel, landfill fuel, wastewater treatment and agriculture.

Industries are a major consumer of energy and rely mainly on fossil fuels, especially coal. The industrial / mining sector is also a major consumer of electricity at a national level. The largest industrial consumer of electricity is the mining sector, followed by the iron and steel, and non-ferrous metal industries.

What can be done to improve air quality in Port Elizabeth?

Most sources of air pollution are far beyond the control of individuals and require action by city governments, as well as national and international policymakers in sectors such as transport, energy waste management, buildings and agriculture.

  • Conserve electricity where you can. Lower the thermostat of your water heater and switch it off during the day. Turn off lights, computers, and electric appliances when not in use. Do not leave then on stand-by.
  • Use energy efficient light bulbs and appliances.
  • imit driving by reducing the number of trips you take in your car by carpooling, use public transportation, cycle or walk when possible.
  • Keep your car, boat and other engines properly tuned and maintained, and avoid engines that smoke. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions on routine maintenance, such as changing the oil and filters, and checking tyre pressure and wheel alignment. It all helps the engine to be more efficient.
  • Use electric or hand-powered lawn care equipment.
  • Reduce or eliminate fireplace and wood stove use.
  • Avoid burning leaves, garbage and other materials. Instead, make compost from leaves and garden waste.

What are the health impacts of breathing dirty air in Port Elizabeth?

The pollutant which has the most detrimental effects on the body is the microscopic particulate matter or PM2.5 as it is often known. These tiny particles are suspended in the air and breathed into the lungs. Due to their size, the body’s natural defence system cannot trap them so they become lodged in the alveoli at the base of the bronchial tubes. From here they are able to enter the bloodstream and penetrate the body tissue and travel as far as the heart. Respiratory illnesses such as asthma, bronchitis and emphysema are commonly found in polluted areas.

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), more than 90 per cent of the world population live in places with low air quality. The WHO indicates that air pollution causes 7 million deaths worldwide annually.

Among the diseases caused by air pollution are chronic obstructions, lung cancer, ischemic heart disease and strokes.

Port Elizabeth air quality data attribution

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Where is the cleanest air quality in Port Elizabeth?

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