Air quality in Warsaw

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Warsaw

LAST UPDATE (local time)

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Air Quality contributors Sources

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Data sources

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Weather

What is the current weather in Warsaw?

Weather icon
WeatherClear sky
Temperature46.4°C
Humidity71%
Wind9.2 mp/h
Pressure1024 mb

live aqi city ranking

Real-time Poland city ranking

#cityUS AQI
1 Nisko, Subcarpathian Voivodeship

199

2 Goczalkowice Zdroj, Silesia

189

3 Nowa Ruda, Lower Silesia

187

4 Zaborze, Lesser Poland Voivodeship

181

5 Nowy Targ, Lesser Poland Voivodeship

177

6 Sucha Beskidzka, Lesser Poland Voivodeship

176

7 Niepolomice, Lesser Poland Voivodeship

169

8 Biala Podlaska, Lublin

167

9 Krakow, Lesser Poland Voivodeship

166

10 Kalisz, Greater Poland

163

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

live Warsaw aqi ranking

Real-time Warsaw air quality ranking

#stationUS AQI
1 Warszawa - Komunikacyjna

129

2 Starowiejska Street

128

3 Warszawa - Tołstoja

127

4 Warszawa - Ursynów

110

5 Poselska

96

6 Warszawa - Targówek

2

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

Warsaw webcam

12:03, Feb 26

Is there air pollution in Warsaw?

Thumbnail of Warsaw webcam at 12:03, Feb 26

US AQI

119

live AQI index
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups

Human face indicating AQI level

Overview

What is the current air quality in Warsaw?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 119 US AQItrendPM2.5
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
43 µg/m³trend
pm10
94.5 µg/m³
no2
35 µg/m³

Health Recommendations

How to protect from air pollution in Warsaw?

An IQAir mask icon Sensitive groups should wear a mask outdoors
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An IQAir purifier icon Run an air purifier
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An open window iconClose your windows to avoid dirty outdoor air
A man cycling iconEveryone should reduce outdoor exercise

Forecast

Warsaw air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Tuesday, Feb 23

Unhealthy 157 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Wednesday, Feb 24

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 125 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Thursday, Feb 25

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 126 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Today

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 124 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon46.4°37.4°
Wind rotating 279 degree

6.7 mp/h

Saturday, Feb 27

Moderate 60 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon41°32°
Wind rotating 317 degree

13.4 mp/h

Sunday, Feb 28

Moderate 93 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon42.8°32°
Wind rotating 319 degree

6.7 mp/h

Monday, Mar 1

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 121 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon46.4°32°
Wind rotating 321 degree

2.2 mp/h

Tuesday, Mar 2

Unhealthy 163 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon48.2°33.8°
Wind rotating 269 degree

6.7 mp/h

Wednesday, Mar 3

Unhealthy 185 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon48.2°33.8°
Wind rotating 258 degree

6.7 mp/h

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Historical

Historic air quality graph for Warsaw

How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in Warsaw

AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR Warsaw

What is the air quality index of Warsaw?

Warsaw is the capital city of Poland and it is also the largest. It is located on the banks of the Vistula River in east-central Poland. The estimated population in 2019 was 1.8 million in the capital itself and over 3.1 million in its entire metropolitan area.

At the beginning of 2021, Warsaw was experiencing “Moderate” air quality with a US AQI figure of 93, according to recommended levels by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The concentrations of the measured pollutants were as follows: PM2.5 - 32 µg/m³, PM10 - 29 µg/m³ and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) - 14 µg/m³. With levels such as these, the advice is to close windows and doors to prevent the ingress of polluted air and those of a sensitive disposition should avoid venturing outside until the air quality gets better.

During 2019, the air quality in Warsaw was mostly “Moderate” for at least nine months of the year, with figures between 12.1 and 35.4 µg/m³. In June and August, the levels were better and classified as “Good” with readings between 10 and 12 µg/m³. During July, Warsaw achieved the WHO target figure of 10 µg/m³ or less.

What is the main source of Warsaw’s polluted air?

The city authorities have the ambition to make Warsaw the "Green Capital of Europe". In 2015, the town hall promised "Million Trees for Warsaw". But they ended up with "a million cars" crossing the borders of the city every day which is an increase of almost 2.5 times in 8 years. Without introducing solutions aimed at changing the priorities of the transport policy of the capital city, it will not be possible to reduce the problem of air pollution in Warsaw, because road transport is responsible for most of the smog generated in the city.

Many substances make up air pollution. Poland has a problem with four: large PM10 dust, small PM2.5 dust, nitrogen oxides and benzo (a) pyrene. The names of the "PM10" and "PM2.5" dust come from the size of the particles that compose them: with a diameter of up to 10 or 2.5 micrometres (a human hair is about 50-70 micrometres in diameter). Nitric oxide is a highly reactive and irritating gas, and benzo (a) pyrene is a toxic hydrocarbon.

In Warsaw, the standards of PM10 and PM2.5 poisonous and harmful to human health and life are sometimes exceeded by at least twice, and sometimes even three times. This situation takes place for one-third of the year.

According to the Smog Alert calculator, city dwellers, including non-smokers, "smoke" even a few packets a week. A resident of Warsaw, breathing an average of two hours a day of city air, smokes the equivalent of over 1,200 cigarettes a year.

What can be done to improve the air quality in Warsaw?

There are around 1,900 premises in Warsaw which use the cheapest available fuel to heat their homes. Replacing these furnaces should be a priority for the city. The city movements in 2018 won the promise of replacing all of these by the end of 2019. Unfortunately, the target was not reached.

A new subsidy program for the replacement of heat sources and thermal modernisation in private premises was introduced.

The Warsaw authorities have been receiving applications for co-financing the replacement of solid fuel stoves since 2017. However, something or someone is slow in the uptake as in 2017, only 262 subsidies for the replacement of furnaces were provided in Warsaw. For comparison, 6,000 stoves were replaced in 2017 in Kraków, 1,500 in Wroclaw, and 355 in Katowice.

Smog in Warsaw is a year-round problem, and exceedances of the standards also occur in summer, spring and autumn, not only in winter. This is because, according to data, cars are responsible for over half of PM10 emissions in the city. Warsaw should fight both for Warsaw residents to switch from cars to public transport and for bicycles, and to reduce the effects of mass vehicle movement around the city, for example, in the form of dust raised from the streets by vehicle movement. Without such measures, there is no effective fight against air pollution.

The issuance of free tickets for public transportation has been suggested when the smog levels are getting dangerously high. Temporary restrictions on the movement of private cars on certain streets by narrowing the streets by 1 lane and allocating it for temporary parking spaces have also been considered as a possible answer.

Will a new public transport system help with the air quality in Warsaw?

The creation of a comprehensive network of bus lanes on the main access streets has been considered. Only punctual public transport will encourage residents to swap their car for public transport.

Park and Ride car parks close to all major railway stations and stops on the access lines to Warsaw and at major interchange junctions are thought to be in the wrong location. The city should use public money to create parking spaces where we want drivers to leave their cars which are on the outskirts of the city and not in the centre.

Limiting free parking for office workers and councillors is something which was also considered. In return, office employees should receive discounts on long-term public transport cards. The idea is to keep traffic out of the city centre by providing Park and Ride facilities on the outer ring roads to encourage commuters to leave their cars there and complete their journey by public transport.

Low- emission public transport needs to be introduced by replacing the old rolling stock with new low-emission replacements.

The creation of interchange connection hubs for public transport would help prevent many vehicles from entering the city centre.

What are the effects of breathing Warsaw smog?

Smog causes many serious diseases: especially of the respiratory system such as lung cancer, asthma, respiratory allergies, infections and inflammation of the respiratory tract, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary embolism and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Cardiovascular diseases which involve destabilisation of the entire system, including, for example, arterial hypertension, ischemic heart disease, disturbances in blood flow through the brain, heart attacks and stroke. Oncological diseases including lung cancer are also common.

In Warsaw, approximately 3,000 people die prematurely every year due to smog-related illnesses. That's more than killed in car accidents across the country!

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