Air quality in Amsterdam

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Amsterdam

LAST UPDATE (local time)

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Air Quality contributors Sources

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Data sources

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The profile logo of National Air Quality Monitoring Network - RIVMThe profile logo of Netherlands National Institute for Public Health and the EnvironmentThe profile logo of National Air Quality Monitoring Network - RIVMThe profile logo of Netherlands National Institute for Public Health and the Environment

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Weather

What is the current weather in Amsterdam?

Weather icon
WeatherBroken clouds
Temperature44.6°C
Humidity87%
Wind3.4 mp/h
Pressure1031 mb

live aqi city ranking

Real-time Netherlands city ranking

#cityUS AQI
1 Terwinselen, Limburg

114

2 Haelen, Limburg

109

3 Heerlen, Limburg

70

4 Horst aan de Maas, Limburg

65

5 Balk, North Holland

59

6 Haarlem, North Holland

57

7 Ossendrecht, North Brabant

57

8 Ypenburg, South Holland

55

9 Zaandam, North Holland

55

10 Sas van Gent, Zeeland

53

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

live Amsterdam aqi ranking

Real-time Amsterdam air quality ranking

#stationUS AQI
1 Amsterdam-Einsteinweg

53

2 Amsterdam-Jan van Galenstraat

53

3 Amsterdam-Westerpark

53

4 Amsterdam-Stadhouderskade

45

5 Zaanstad-Hoogtij

44

6 Amsterdam-Vondelpark

29

7 Amsterdam-Van Diemenstraat

27

8 Spaarnwoude-Machineweg

23

9 Amsterdam-Nieuwendammerdijk

9

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

Amsterdam webcam

1:06, Feb 26

Is there air pollution in Amsterdam?

Thumbnail of Amsterdam webcam at 1:06, Feb 26

US AQI

44

live AQI index
Good

Human face indicating AQI level

Overview

What is the current air quality in Amsterdam?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Good 44 US AQItrendPM2.5
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
10.7 µg/m³trend
pm10
21 µg/m³trend
o3
28.8 µg/m³trend
no2
36.7 µg/m³trend
so2
0.2 µg/m³trend
co
297.4 µg/m³trend

Health Recommendations

How to protect from air pollution in Amsterdam?

An open window iconOpen your windows to bring clean, fresh air indoors
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Forecast

Amsterdam air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Tuesday, Feb 23

Moderate 63 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Wednesday, Feb 24

Moderate 52 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Thursday, Feb 25

Moderate 61 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Today

Good 44 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon46.4°39.2°
Wind rotating 316 degree

8.9 mp/h

Saturday, Feb 27

Moderate 55 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon48.2°37.4°
Wind rotating 272 degree

2.2 mp/h

Sunday, Feb 28

Good 39 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon46.4°35.6°
Wind rotating 73 degree

4.5 mp/h

Monday, Mar 1

Good 39 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon50°37.4°
Wind rotating 92 degree

8.9 mp/h

Tuesday, Mar 2

Good 49 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon55.4°39.2°
Wind rotating 161 degree

2.2 mp/h

Wednesday, Mar 3

Moderate 62 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon51.8°42.8°
Wind rotating 243 degree

8.9 mp/h

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Historical

Historic air quality graph for Amsterdam

How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in Amsterdam

AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR Amsterdam

What is the air quality index of Amsterdam?

Amsterdam is the largest and most populous city in the Netherlands with a 2018 population of over 2.5 million in the metropolitan area. At the end of 2020, Amsterdam was experiencing some “Good” quality air with a US AQI reading of 18.

The concentration of the main pollutants were as follows: PM2.5 - 4.3 µg/m³, PM10 - 3.9 µg/m³, ozone (O3) - 33.1 µg/m³, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) - 5.3 µg/m³ and carbon monoxide (CO) - 5.3 µg/m³. With figures such as these, the advice is to open doors and windows and let the fresh air into the home and to get outside and enjoy outdoor activities.

In 2019, the average annual PM2.5 figure was 10.7 µg/m³ which, according to recommended levels by the World Health Organisation (WHO) classified it as “Good”. For 4 months of the year, Amsterdam attained the WHO target figure of being 10 µg/m³ or less. 5 months classed it as “Good” with concentrations between 10 and 12 µg/m³. The remaining months of February, March and April returned “Moderate” readings between 12.1 and 35.4 µg/m³.

Is Amsterdam very polluted?

The Stadhouderskade is one of the dirtiest streets in Amsterdam. It is a street which runs through the city centre and is always congested. Local residents have noticed that if they cross the street or spend too much time close to the carriageway, they soon begin to cough and wheeze. They are mostly dissatisfied with the measure being taken by the authorities and suggest the exclusion of heavily-polluting diesel-powered trucks, but levels of pollutants are still in excess of recommended figures.

What are the air pollutants in Amsterdam?

Fine dust is a collective name for very small particles in the air. You cannot see the particles with the naked eye as they are only a few micrometres in size (1 micrometre is a thousand times smaller than a millimetre). Particles smaller than 10 micrometres are called PM10, particles smaller than 2.5 micrometres are called PM2.5 and even smaller particles are called ultra-fine particles. Soot or black carbon (BC) is also an important part of fine dust as it consists of particles that have clumped together. Particulate matter can be caused by natural sources but, more commonly, it is man-made. It is thought that up to 75 to 80 per cent of fine PM pollutants are attributed to human activity. These fine particles also remain in the air for longer periods of time.

In addition to particulate matter (PM), soot (BC), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and ozone (O3), there are also other unhealthy substances in the air, such as volatile organic compounds (VOC), carbon monoxide (CO) and sulphur dioxide (SO2), but these are in much smaller quantities at the moment.

What can be done to mitigate the effects of the poor air quality in Amsterdam?

If you are driving the car, keep the windows closed especially when in a traffic jam or heavily congested area. This way you keep some of the dirty air out. Outside the traffic jam, an open window is healthier, because the air in cars can soon become stale. Do not allow fresh air to enter the car whilst driving through long tunnels but set the fan to recirculation mode. In this way, less polluted air enters the car. However, you are not advised to do this for longer than 15 minutes. By opening two of the windows, the air inside the vehicle will quickly be replaced.

What are the effects on health through breathing in Amsterdam’s polluted air?

Air pollution is unhealthy and you can get all types of ailments and diseases from it. The elderly, sick people and young children are extra sensitive to dirty air. People with pre-existing respiratory problems such as asthma, chronic bronchitis or COPD, and people with cardiovascular disease or diabetes, can develop more complaints or even die earlier due to air pollution. Healthy people are also affected depending on the length of exposure to the dirty air, the pollutants contained within it and the concentration of those pollutants. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) makes some people more sensitive to infections and they catch a cold more quickly. Nitrogen oxides (NOx) are not only unhealthy but also bad for nature if there is too much of them.

Fine dust and ozone (O3) can cause temporary complaints such as dry eyes, coughing, a dry throat or shortness of breath. But it also ensures that your lungs work less well efficiently. Prolonged exposure to ozone can also cause headaches, nausea and dizziness. Skin rashes have also been noted for some people.

What are the main sources of pollution in Amsterdam?

Road traffic and industry are not the only sources of these unhealthy substances. Agriculture and wood burning in and around the house also cause air pollution. Of all the unhealthy particles in the air, particulate matter PM2.5, nitrogen oxide (NOx) and ozone (O3) cause the most damage to health.

Road traffic is one of the main sources of bad air that people breathe every day. A lot of particulate matter (PM), soot (BC) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) are emitted from the exhausts of cars, buses, trucks, motorcycles, scooters and mopeds. Diesel cars in particular, emit a lot of harmful substances. But the wear of tyres, brakes and road surface also adds to the air pollution.

Industry such as steel factories and refineries, shipping and agriculture also contribute. Households can cause poorer air quality by burning wood in the fireplace, wood stove or fire basket because a lot of fine dust is released into the environment when wood is burned. Other pollutants in the home are cigarette smoke, pets and moisture. Gas stoves, central heating boilers and geysers also contribute with their emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx).

Ozone (O3) does not come from the exhaust of cars or chimneys. Tropospheric, or ground-level ozone, as it should be known, is not emitted directly into the air, but is created by chemical reactions between oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and volatile organic compounds (VOC)s. The problem is compounded in the presence of strong sunlight so tends to intensify as the day progresses.

Air pollution is a transnational problem. A lot of dirty air arrives on the prevailing winds from as far away as the deserts in China and Mongolia. Up to 30 per cent of the particulate matter in the air can come from foreign emissions. Conversely, a large part of the substances emitted in the Netherlands also blown across the border.

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