Качество воздуха в Мюнхен

Индекс качества воздуха (AQI) и загрязнение атмосферы PM2.5 в Мюнхен

ПОСЛЕДНЕЕ ОБНОВЛЕНИЕ (местное время)

299K человек(а) подписаны на этот город

Погода

Какая сейчас погода в Мюнхен?

ПогодаСильная облачность
Температура55.4°C
Влажность96%
Ветер5.7 mp/h
Давление1019 mb

Рейтинг городов по AQI в реальном времени

Рейтинг Германия среди городов в реальном времени

#cityAQI США
1Lindau (Bodensee)

70

2Обераудорф

68

3Пассау

68

4Штральзунд

67

5Висмар

66

6Бургхаузен

65

7Байройт

63

8Фленсбург

63

9Мюнхен

62

10Ansbach

59

(местное время)

МИРОВОЙ РЕЙТИНГ AQI

Рейтинг Мюнхен по AQI в реальном времени

Рейтинг Мюнхен по качеству воздуха в реальном времени

#stationAQI США
1München/Landshuter Allee

70

2München/Stachus

63

3München/Lothstraße

61

4München/Johanneskirchen

59

5Allach

22

(местное время)

МИРОВОЙ РЕЙТИНГ AQI

Веб-камеры в Мюнхен

2:10, окт. 24

Загрязнен ли воздух в районе Мюнхен?

AQI США

62

Индекс AQI в реальном времени
Средне

Обзор

Какое сейчас качество воздуха в Мюнхен?

Уровень загрязнения атмосферыИндекс качества воздухаГлавный загрязнитель
Средне62 AQI СШАPM2.5
ЗагрязнителиКонцентрация
PM2.5
17.5 µg/m³
pm10
24.5 µg/m³
o3
52 µg/m³
no2
15 µg/m³

Рекомендации по охране здоровья

Как защититься от загрязнения атмосферы в Мюнхен?

Закройте окна, чтобы избежать загрязнения наружным воздухом
Чувствительные группы должны уменьшить нагрузки на открытом воздухе

Прогноз

Прогноз качества воздуха (AQI) в районе Мюнхен

ДеньУровень загрязненияПогодаТемператураВетер
среда, окт. 21

Средне53 AQI США

четверг, окт. 22

Средне62 AQI США

пятница, окт. 23

Средне61 AQI США

Сегодня

Средне56 AQI США

воскресенье, окт. 25

Хорошо32 AQI США

face icon
weather icon59°42.8°

2.2 mp/h

понедельник, окт. 26

Хорошо26 AQI США

face icon
weather icon48.2°42.8°

2.2 mp/h

вторник, окт. 27

Хорошо24 AQI США

face icon
weather icon46.4°37.4°

6.7 mp/h

среда, окт. 28

Хорошо20 AQI США

face icon
weather icon55.4°35.6°

2.2 mp/h

четверг, окт. 29

Хорошо15 AQI США

face icon
weather icon55.4°46.4°

4.5 mp/h

пятница, окт. 30

Хорошо12 AQI США

face icon
weather icon60.8°46.4°

6.7 mp/h

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История данных

Хронологический график качества воздуха в Мюнхен

Как лучше всего защититься от загрязнения атмосферы?

Уменьшите масштабы загрязнения атмосферы в Мюнхен

АНАЛИЗ И СТАТИСТИКА КАЧЕСТВА ВОЗДУХА В Мюнхен

How is the air quality in Munich?

According to the city rankings, the air in Munich in 2019 could be described as "good" overall. However, with an average fine dust value PM2.5 of 10.6 µg/m3, air pollution in Munich was around 6% above the World Health Organisation (WHO) guideline value of 10 µg/m3 for fine dust. In the two previous years, air quality values were only "moderate", with 13.6 µg/m3 in 2018 and 13.8 µg/m3 in 2017. February was the month when air quality in Munich was worst in 2019, with 14.3 µg/m3.1 This means that in 2019, Munich can report an improvement in air quality of over 20% compared to the two previous years.


The real-time map of air pollution in Munich can be viewed at the top of this page along with the air quality forecast for Munich.

How has air quality in Munich evolved?

The air quality in Munich has improved a little over the years. The PM2.5 value has decreased since monitoring began in 2010. This long-term development can be observed at five air quality measuring stations in Munich. The strongest decrease can be observed at the station Landshuter Allee, a very busy location. Since the beginning of the measurements, the PM2.5 concentration here has decreased by 8.7 µg/m3. Another four stations have also recorded a decrease in fine dust concentration: Muggenhof by 4.6 µg/m3, Stachus by 3.8 µg/m3 and Lothstraße by 3.4 µg/m3. Solely at the measuring location Johanneskirchen the fine dust concentration could drop only 0.7 µg/m3 within a period of 7 years.2


An improvement in nitrogen dioxide (NO2) levels can also be observed over the years. The measuring station that has recorded the greatest change over the years is Stachus in the Sonnenstraße, with a NO2 decrease of 32 µg/m3 over the last ten years. The Landshuter Allee station also showed a strong decrease in NO2 values, with a reduction of 25 µg/m3. It should be noted, however, that these are the two stations in Munich with the highest initial values. The NO2 values decreased by 5.2 µg/m3 at Lothstraße and by 5.4 µg/m3 at Johanneskirchen.3


The proportion of carbon monoxide (CO) did not change much during the ten-year test period, as the CO concentration in Munich air was already at a very low level. Nevertheless, compared to the rest of Bavaria, apart from Augsburg, Munich had the strongest decrease in CO values. This was measured at the Stachus station with a reduction of 0.22 mg/m3. The CO value at Landshuter Allee has improved by 0.17 mg/m3 over the last ten years.4

What pollutes the air in Munich?

Most of the air pollution with fine dust (PM10 and PM2.5) and nitrogen oxides in Munich is due to road traffic. At 52%, traffic is the main polluter of PM2.5 in the air. Industry, which is normally always in second place, contributes only 3% of the fine dust emissions in the state capital Munich. A large percentage of PM2.5 is emitted into the air by small-scale combustion in private households, i.e. by heating a stove or fireplace. However, since 2012, the city of Munich has always been able to comply with the particulate matter limits prescribed by the European Community (EU).5 In addition to particulate matter, the air is filled with various other pollutants that are released by the various emission sources. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) has an annual mean value limit of 40 µg/m3 and an hourly mean value limit of 200 µg/m3. Munich has also been able to comply with these values for the hourly mean value since 2016. However, the annual mean value was not met in 2017 and 2018.6

What use is the environmental zone within the middle ring in Munich?

The environmental zone was introduced in many German cities to protect air quality. Munich introduced the environmental zone on October 1, 2008. To be allowed to drive in the low emission zone, the vehicle must have an environmental badge. Over the years, the rules have been tightened to determine which sticker is required to enter the zone. Since 2012 only vehicles with a green sticker can enter the low emission zone. Excluded from this are for example ambulances, vehicles of doctors and diplomats and vehicles with special permits. A vehicle without an environmental sticker can be fined 80 euros in the low emission zone.7

What contribution does Munich make towards improving air quality?

In order to reduce air pollution in Munich, a support program was developed.8 This consists of measures to reduce traffic and promote more environmentally friendly means of transport. In addition, the city wants to support local public transport in the long term by expanding the subway and streetcar lines. In order to support the bicycle traffic, the bicycle path network will be expanded. The electric mobility will be strengthened not only by the expansion of the electric vehicles, but also by the electrification of the bus and cab fleet. The infrastructure for charging public transport as well as passenger cars will play an important role here. Traffic management, mobility sharing and pooling, parking space management and urban logistics are to play a decisive role in the coming years in reducing mileage-related emissions through this plan. Another important field of action is the proper marketing of these actions in order to motivate the population to change their current mode of transport.9


+ Article Resources

[1]Landeshauptstadt München. (o. J.). Luftqualität. muenchen.de.
[2]Feinstaub PM2,5. (2020). Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt.
[3]Stickstoffdioxid (NO2). (2020). Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt.
[4]Kohlenmonoxid (CO). (2020). Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt.
[5]Landeshauptstadt München. (o. J.). Feinstaub. muenchen.de.
[6]Dicke Luft – Reinheitsgebot für Münchner Luft. (o. J.). Reinheitsgebot für Münchner Luft.
[7]Landeshauptstadt München. (o. J.). Umweltzone: Worum geht es? muenchen.de.
[8]Landeshauptstadt München. (o. J.). Das Integrierte Handlungsprogramm zur Förderung der Elektromobilität in München (IHFEM 2015). muenchen.de.
[9]Landeshauptstadt München. (o. J.). Masterplan zur Luftreinhaltung. muenchen.de.

Сообщество

Где самый чистый воздух в Мюнхен?