Données fournies par
Sources de données
|1||Mae Hong Son, Mae Hong Son|
|2||Pai, Mae Hong Son|
|3||Mae La Noi, Mae Hong Son|
|4||Warin Chamrap, Changwat Ubon Ratchathani|
|6||Mae Rim, Chiang Mai|
|7||Chiang Mai, Chiang Mai|
|8||Hang Dong, Chiang Mai|
|9||Phan, Chiang Rai|
(Heure locale)CLASSEMENT MONDIAL DE l’IQA
IQA en direct
Mauvais pour les personnes sensibles
|Niveau de pollution de l’air||Indice de pollution de l’air||Principaux polluants|
|Mauvais pour les personnes sensibles|| 139 IQA US||PM2.5|
|PM2.5|| 51 µg/m³|
|Jour||Niveau de pollution||Temps||Température||Vent|
|jeudi, mars 4|
Moyen 83 IQA US
|vendredi, mars 5|
Mauvais pour la santé 173 IQA US
|samedi, mars 6|
Moyen 92 IQA US
Mauvais pour les personnes sensibles 138 IQA US
|lundi, mars 8|
Mauvais pour les personnes sensibles 132 IQA US
|mardi, mars 9|
Mauvais pour les personnes sensibles 133 IQA US
|mercredi, mars 10|
Mauvais pour les personnes sensibles 111 IQA US
|jeudi, mars 11|
Moyen 97 IQA US
|vendredi, mars 12|
Mauvais pour les personnes sensibles 101 IQA US
|samedi, mars 13|
Mauvais pour les personnes sensibles 128 IQA US
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Sakon Nakhon is a city in Thailand within the Isan district and is the capital city of the province of the same name. It is 651 kilometres northeast of Bangkok. It is not a huge city with a population of 76,000. At the end of 2020, the air quality index recorded a figure of 72 UA AQI and a concentration of PM2.5 as 22.1 µg/m³. This figure is classed as “Moderate” according to the recommended levels by the World Health Organisation (WHO). These statistics are produced from satellite images as there are currently no ground-level monitoring stations. With figures in this region, the advice is to close doors and windows to prevent the dirty air getting inside the home and sensitive groups of people should avoid going outside if it can be prevented.
Without doubt, the largest source of air pollution in and around Sakon Nakhon city is from burning organic agricultural waste.
The Agricultural Office in Sakon Nakhon Province is continuing the campaign to reduce burning. They hope to raise the awareness of farmers to realise the problem of burning farmland. They are being encouraged to prevent, suppress, deter and report incidents of burning in agricultural areas and to accelerate the expansion of knowledge on the use of agricultural technology to reduce burning.
The air pollution situation from the dust content continuously exceeds the standard in many areas across the country. Sakon Nakhon Province has campaigned to reduce burning continuously by encouraging farmers to use the method of tilling rice stubble and sowing green manure instead of burning. To build awareness and to publish and prevent and cultivate a consciousness not to burn plant residues or weeds. And to report incidents of burning in agricultural areas, including enhancing farmers' knowledge and consciousness to be aware of the problem of burning in agricultural areas. Farmers can produce compost from rice straw which can be used to produce renewable energy from agricultural waste materials. Produce straw briquettes to increase feed efficiency and using agricultural technology to reduce the need for burning of agricultural areas. Along with the introduction of the correct forest fire control.
Not only is straw burnt but also garbage, leaves, weeds and burning for agricultural land preparation. From the report of the accumulated heat points from the MODIS satellite between 1st January and 25th February, 2020 found that there are 465 cumulative heat points, with five districts with the most burning data. Wanon Niwat District 99 points, Kusuman District 54 points, Sawang Daen Din District 53 points, Charoen Sin District 35 points and Akat Amnuen District 34 points.
The local authorities in Sakon Nakhon continue to inspect factories nationwide. It is their intention to accelerate the implementation of the standard of ventilation and filtration standards. They also are ready to push the mandatory standard for Euro 5 cars to solve the problem of toxic emissions from vehicles.
In total, 2,095 plants were inspected and it was found that no factories had dust values exceeding the standard 2.5 microns (PM2.5), but found higher, unacceptable levels in other plants, the Ministry of Industry ordered 35 plants to improve their standards according to Section 37 and ordered the cessation of operation at 3 other plants.
In addition, the Ministry of Industry accelerated the implementation of the standard of dust ventilation from the factory totalling not more than 240 milligrams per cubic meter (for fuel oil) and 320 milligrams per cubic meter of air (for coal fuel), which the Ministry has in charge of dust exiting from industrial plants at 3 levels as follows:
Even young, healthy people can suffer the immediate effects of air pollution. The severity depends on any pre-existing medical conditions, especially respiratory conditions, the concentration levels of the pollutants, the pollutants themselves and the length of time spent exposed to the conditions.
Levels of high air pollution can cause immediate problems such as aggravated cardiovascular and respiratory illnesses. The heart and lungs become stressed as they need to work harder in order to attain the level of oxygen needed by the body. Cells in the respiratory can soon become irrevocably damaged.
Long-term exposure to air pollution can permanently damage the body through accelerated ageing of the lungs which leads to a loss of capacity and a decrease in their efficiency. Diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, and possibly cancer develop far quicker. It can also shorten the lifespan.
Some groups of people are more susceptible to poor air quality than others. Pregnant women, children under the age of 14 years, senior citizens and those who work outside all have to take extra precautions to mitigate the possible damage.