Air quality in Santiago

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Santiago

LAST UPDATE (local time)

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Weather

What is the current weather in Santiago?

Weather icon
WeatherMist
Temperature44.6°C
Humidity76%
Wind1.1 mp/h
Pressure1022 mb
Air pollution has cost an estimated3,500 deaths*in Santiago in 2021LEARN MORE*Air pollution also cost approximately $2,400,000,000 USD in Santiago in 2021.

live aqi city ranking

Real-time Chile city ranking

Tooltip icon
#cityUS AQI
1 Angol, Araucania

228

2 Pudahuel, Santiago Metropolitan

196

3 San Fernando, O'Higgins

180

4 Curico, Maule

167

5 La Pintana, Santiago Metropolitan

166

6 Traiguen, Araucania

165

7 Temuco, Araucania

161

8 Placilla, O'Higgins

158

9 Puerto Aysen, Aisen

158

10 Santiago, Santiago Metropolitan

158

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

live Santiago aqi ranking

Real-time Santiago air quality ranking

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#stationUS AQI
1 Cerro Navia

216

2 El Bosque

210

3 Renca Lo Velasquez Red Ciudadana

192

4 Penalolen JI. Penalolen

188

5 Penalolen- JI Cristo Joven

188

6 Red Ciudadana - Lo Barnechea Centro Lector

180

7 Independencia Antu Huilen

177

8 Red Ciudadana - Lo Barnechea Instituto Estados Americanos

176

9 Red Ciudadana - Lo Barnechea JJII Los Manzanos

171

10 Red Ciudadana PENALOLEN ECOPARQUE

169

(local time)

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Santiago webcam

1:03, Jun 21

Is there air pollution in Santiago?

Thumbnail of Santiago webcam at 1:03, Jun 21

US AQI

158

live AQI index
Unhealthy

Human face indicating AQI level

Overview

What is the current air quality in Santiago?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Unhealthy 158 US AQItrendPM2.5
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
69.8 µg/m³trend
!

PM2.5

x6

PM2.5 concentration in Santiago air is currently 6 times above WHO exposure recommendation

Health Recommendations

How to protect from air pollution in Santiago?

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An open window iconClose your windows to avoid dirty outdoor air
A man cycling iconAvoid outdoor exercise

Forecast

Santiago air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Thursday, Jun 17

Unhealthy 152 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Friday, Jun 18

Unhealthy 162 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Saturday, Jun 19

Unhealthy 168 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Today

Unhealthy 164 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon60.8°48.2°
Wind rotating 199 degree

2.2 mp/h

Monday, Jun 21

Moderate 91 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon60.8°51.8°
Wind rotating 219 degree

4.5 mp/h

Tuesday, Jun 22

Moderate 74 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon53.6°46.4°
Wind rotating 339 degree

2.2 mp/h

Wednesday, Jun 23

Moderate 54 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon55.4°44.6°
Wind rotating 214 degree

2.2 mp/h

Thursday, Jun 24

Good 30 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon55.4°46.4°
Wind rotating 230 degree

2.2 mp/h

Friday, Jun 25

Good 42 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon53.6°41°
Wind rotating 210 degree

2.2 mp/h

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Historical

Historic air quality graph for Santiago

How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in Santiago

AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR Santiago

What is the state of the air pollution in Santiago, Chile?

Santiago is also known as Santiago de Chile and is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas. It was named after the biblical figure of St. James who is the patron saint of Spain. It is located entirely in the central valley and is home to an estimated population of 7 million. The majority of which live in the densely-populated urban area. The fast-flowing Mapocho River flows through the valley and Santiago stands on both sides of it.

The mighty Andes mountain range can be seen from nearly all parts of the city, but the close proximity to this creates the problem of lingering smog, especially during the winter months when there is less rainfall.

In the second quarter of 2021, Santiago was experiencing a period of “Moderate” air quality with a US AQI reading of 87. This classification is in line with recommendations by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The concentration of PM2.5 was 29.3 µg/m³. With a level such as this, it is advisable to close doors and windows to prevent the ingress of dirty air into the rooms and those of a sensitive disposition are advised against outdoor activity until the air quality shows signs of improvement.

Does the air quality differ throughout the year in Santiago?

For 8 months of the year in 2020, Santiago reported “Moderate” levels of air quality with figures between 12.1 and 35.4 µg/m³. For the summer months of May, June and July, the quality was slightly worse when the category entered the “Unhealthy for sensitive groups” with figures between 35.5 and 55.4 µg/m³. For the remaining month of December, Santiago saw an improvement with readings between 10 and 12 µg/m³.

Looking back at records from previous years it can be seen that the air quality remains about the same. In 2017 the annual average figure was 23.1 µg/m³, followed by 29.4 µg/m³ the following year. 2019 saw a slight improvement with a mean reading of 27.7 µg/m³, before showing a marked improvement of 23.6 µg/m³ in 2020.

What is the cause of air pollution in Santiago?

The growth of air pollution stems from both increased industrialisation and environmental factors that continue to affect the region’s climate and are critical to the country’s health. As is common with many other cities throughout the world, the two main causes of polluted air are ozone (O3) and PM2.5.

The main contributors to the accumulation of PM2.5 are vehicle exhaust fumes, fossil-fuel-powered power stations and various industrial processes. Agricultural burning and ammonium emissions from agricultural processes are all a result of increased industrialisation in Chile’s main cities, especially Santiago.

The situation often deteriorates during the winter months due to the prevalence of firewood used to heat homes and business premises. Additionally, constructions zones, agricultural fields, and dirt roads produce detached sediment particles that are transported by the wind to the streets in the cities.

Because of Santiago’s position between two mountain ranges, the Andes and the Cordillera de la Costa, a pocket is created where stale air accumulates and takes longer to disperse.

Although carbon dioxide (CO2) is the main greenhouse gas (GHG) that contributes to global warming, there are other pollutants that also compound the problem. Due to their different characteristics to CO2, can also be an important part of the problem. One of them is the short-lived climate pollutant black carbon (BC) or soot. Black carbon contributes to global warming with a potential up to 1,500 times greater than carbon dioxide.

This pollutant is a major component of fine particulate matter, and in Chile, it comes mainly from the burning of firewood and from means of transportation.

How can Santiago's air quality be improved?

There are many ways in which an individual can help to reduce air pollution.

  • Cycle or walk to work using one of the many cycle tracks and pedestrian zones
  • Reduce the use of private vehicles.
  • Use public transport, if it is necessary to make longer journeys.
  • Practice sustainable driving: drive calmly, do not accelerate too much and check the tyre pressure. This can save fuel because the vehicle will operate efficiently.
  • Opt for telecommuting, if possible.
  • If you are going to buy a car or motorcycle, choose one that is low energy consumption. Euro 3 motorcycles can already be found at some dealerships.
  • Avoid activities that involve any type of burning.
  • Reduce the use of aerosols.
  • Correctly separate waste and reuse as much as possible.
  • Obtain and use products and services that stand out for their positive environmental impacts.
  • Take care of the green areas of the city, which function as oxygen generators.
  • When riding a motorcycle, use semi-synthetic lubricating oil. It lasts longer and reduces emissions.

The local government needs to encourage the purchase of electric vehicles, possibly by offering subsidies and ensuring there are suitable charging stations throughout the city. Above all, drivers need to have confidence in their new purchase.

What are the health implications of breathing polluted air in Santiago?

Air pollutants contribute to a decrease in lung function and an increase in bronchial reactivity, decrease exercise tolerance and increase the risk of chronic obstructive bronchitis, pulmonary emphysema, exacerbation of bronchial asthma and lung cancer, amongst other effects. . In Chile, since 1980, studies have multiplied that demonstrate the effects of air pollution, especially particles, on daily mortality, respiratory symptoms and consultations. These studies, carried out first in Santiago and later in Temuco have confirmed the results reported in international publications that have established that for every 50 µg/m³ increase in PM10 levels in 24 hours, there is an average increase of about 3 per cent in general mortality. These studies have also detected that an increase in PM10 is associated with an increase in respiratory and cardiovascular mortality.

Another relevant fact is the presence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), as components of the particulate material. These compounds are produced by the incomplete combustion of organic material (oil, gasoline, wood, coal and biomass in general). Numerous types of PAHs have been identified in the organic fraction of particulate matter in cities with high levels of atmospheric pollution; six of them have been classified as carcinogenic by the International Agency of Research on Cancer with benzo α-pyrene being the PAH most carcinogenic in cigarette smoke and in smog in highly polluted cities, such as Santiago.

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