Air quality in Santiago

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Santiago

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Weather

What is the current weather in Santiago?

Weather icon
WeatherBroken clouds
Temperature46.4°C
Humidity81%
Wind2.3 mp/h
Pressure1018 mb
Air pollution has cost an estimated6,400 deaths*in Santiago in 2021LEARN MORE*Air pollution also cost approximately $4,400,000,000 USD in Santiago in 2021.

live aqi city ranking

Real-time Chile city ranking

Tooltip icon
#cityUS AQI
1 Traiguen, Araucania

167

2 La Union, Los Rios

137

3 Osorno, Los Lagos

124

4 Temuco, Araucania

111

5 Nacimiento, Biobio

108

6 Angol, Araucania

101

7 Coronel, Biobio

80

8 Quintero, Valparaiso

74

9 Puerto Montt, Los Lagos

72

10 Puerto Varas, Los Lagos

65

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

live Santiago aqi ranking

Real-time Santiago air quality ranking

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#stationUS AQI
1 Forestal

108

2 Penalolen JI Ichuac

92

3 Penalolen- JI Cristo Joven

86

4 Penalolen JI. Penalolen

84

5 La Huasca

74

6 Paul Harris

70

7 La Reina

69

8 Red Ciudadana PENALOLEN ECOPARQUE

69

9 Red Ciudadana - Lo Barnechea Centro Lector

67

10 Renca Lo Velasquez Red Ciudadana

65

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

Santiago webcam

10:04, Sep 27

Is there air pollution in Santiago?

Thumbnail of Santiago webcam at 10:04, Sep 27

US AQI

64

live AQI index
Moderate

Human face indicating AQI level

Overview

What is the current air quality in Santiago?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Moderate 64 US AQIPM2.5
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
18.3 µg/m³trend
!

PM2.5

x1

PM2.5 concentration in Santiago air is currently 1 times above the WHO annual air quality guideline value

Health Recommendations

How to protect from air pollution in Santiago?

An open window iconClose your windows to avoid dirty outdoor air
A man cycling iconSensitive groups should reduce outdoor exercise

Forecast

Santiago air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Thursday, Sep 23

Moderate 73 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Friday, Sep 24

Moderate 88 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Saturday, Sep 25

Moderate 73 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Sunday, Sep 26

Moderate 51 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon77°46.4°
Wind rotating 219 degree

8.9 mp/h

Today

Moderate 64 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon80.6°55.4°
Wind rotating 227 degree

8.9 mp/h

Tuesday, Sep 28

Moderate 54 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon77°55.4°
Wind rotating 223 degree

8.9 mp/h

Wednesday, Sep 29

Good 32 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon60.8°50°
Wind rotating 211 degree

6.7 mp/h

Thursday, Sep 30

Good 26 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon71.6°48.2°
Wind rotating 230 degree

11.2 mp/h

Friday, Oct 1

Good 28 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon64.4°46.4°
Wind rotating 234 degree

13.4 mp/h

Saturday, Oct 2

Good 38 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon68°44.6°
Wind rotating 219 degree

6.7 mp/h

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Historical

Historic air quality graph for Santiago

How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in Santiago

AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR Santiago

What is the state of the air pollution in Santiago, Chile?

Santiago is also known as Santiago de Chile and is the capital and largest city of Chile as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas. It was named after the biblical figure of St. James who is the patron saint of Spain. It is located entirely in the central valley and is home to an estimated population of 7 million. The majority of which live in the densely-populated urban area. The fast-flowing Mapocho River flows through the valley and Santiago stands on both sides of it.

The mighty Andes mountain range can be seen from nearly all parts of the city, but the close proximity to this creates the problem of lingering smog, especially during the winter months when there is less rainfall.

In the second quarter of 2021, Santiago was experiencing a period of “Moderate” air quality with a US AQI reading of 87. This classification is in line with recommendations by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The concentration of PM2.5 was 29.3 µg/m³. With a level such as this, it is advisable to close doors and windows to prevent the ingress of dirty air into the rooms and those of a sensitive disposition are advised against outdoor activity until the air quality shows signs of improvement.

Does the air quality differ throughout the year in Santiago?

For 8 months of the year in 2020, Santiago reported “Moderate” levels of air quality with figures between 12.1 and 35.4 µg/m³. For the summer months of May, June and July, the quality was slightly worse when the category entered the “Unhealthy for sensitive groups” with figures between 35.5 and 55.4 µg/m³. For the remaining month of December, Santiago saw an improvement with readings between 10 and 12 µg/m³.

Looking back at records from previous years it can be seen that the air quality remains about the same. In 2017 the annual average figure was 23.1 µg/m³, followed by 29.4 µg/m³ the following year. 2019 saw a slight improvement with a mean reading of 27.7 µg/m³, before showing a marked improvement of 23.6 µg/m³ in 2020.

What is the cause of air pollution in Santiago?

The growth of air pollution stems from both increased industrialisation and environmental factors that continue to affect the region’s climate and are critical to the country’s health. As is common with many other cities throughout the world, the two main causes of polluted air are ozone (O3) and PM2.5.

The main contributors to the accumulation of PM2.5 are vehicle exhaust fumes, fossil-fuel-powered power stations and various industrial processes. Agricultural burning and ammonium emissions from agricultural processes are all a result of increased industrialisation in Chile’s main cities, especially Santiago.

The situation often deteriorates during the winter months due to the prevalence of firewood used to heat homes and business premises. Additionally, constructions zones, agricultural fields, and dirt roads produce detached sediment particles that are transported by the wind to the streets in the cities.

Because of Santiago’s position between two mountain ranges, the Andes and the Cordillera de la Costa, a pocket is created where stale air accumulates and takes longer to disperse.

Although carbon dioxide (CO2) is the main greenhouse gas (GHG) that contributes to global warming, there are other pollutants that also compound the problem. Due to their different characteristics to CO2, can also be an important part of the problem. One of them is the short-lived climate pollutant black carbon (BC) or soot. Black carbon contributes to global warming with a potential up to 1,500 times greater than carbon dioxide.

This pollutant is a major component of fine particulate matter, and in Chile, it comes mainly from the burning of firewood and from means of transportation.

How can Santiago's air quality be improved?

There are many ways in which an individual can help to reduce air pollution.

  • Cycle or walk to work using one of the many cycle tracks and pedestrian zones
  • Reduce the use of private vehicles.
  • Use public transport, if it is necessary to make longer journeys.
  • Practice sustainable driving: drive calmly, do not accelerate too much and check the tyre pressure. This can save fuel because the vehicle will operate efficiently.
  • Opt for telecommuting, if possible.
  • If you are going to buy a car or motorcycle, choose one that is low energy consumption. Euro 3 motorcycles can already be found at some dealerships.
  • Avoid activities that involve any type of burning.
  • Reduce the use of aerosols.
  • Correctly separate waste and reuse as much as possible.
  • Obtain and use products and services that stand out for their positive environmental impacts.
  • Take care of the green areas of the city, which function as oxygen generators.
  • When riding a motorcycle, use semi-synthetic lubricating oil. It lasts longer and reduces emissions.

The local government needs to encourage the purchase of electric vehicles, possibly by offering subsidies and ensuring there are suitable charging stations throughout the city. Above all, drivers need to have confidence in their new purchase.

What are the health implications of breathing polluted air in Santiago?

Air pollutants contribute to a decrease in lung function and an increase in bronchial reactivity, decrease exercise tolerance and increase the risk of chronic obstructive bronchitis, pulmonary emphysema, exacerbation of bronchial asthma and lung cancer, amongst other effects. . In Chile, since 1980, studies have multiplied that demonstrate the effects of air pollution, especially particles, on daily mortality, respiratory symptoms and consultations. These studies, carried out first in Santiago and later in Temuco have confirmed the results reported in international publications that have established that for every 50 µg/m³ increase in PM10 levels in 24 hours, there is an average increase of about 3 per cent in general mortality. These studies have also detected that an increase in PM10 is associated with an increase in respiratory and cardiovascular mortality.

Another relevant fact is the presence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), as components of the particulate material. These compounds are produced by the incomplete combustion of organic material (oil, gasoline, wood, coal and biomass in general). Numerous types of PAHs have been identified in the organic fraction of particulate matter in cities with high levels of atmospheric pollution; six of them have been classified as carcinogenic by the International Agency of Research on Cancer with benzo α-pyrene being the PAH most carcinogenic in cigarette smoke and in smog in highly polluted cities, such as Santiago.

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