|1||East Port Orchard, Washington|
|6||South Hill, Washington|
|7||Redwood Valley, California|
|8||Washington Park, Illinois|
(local time)SEE WORLD AQI RANKING
|3||33rd Avenue NE|
|4||FBI Surveillance Van|
|7||Puget Ridge Edible Park|
|8||SW Holden & Highland Park Way|
|9||4420 South Eddy Street|
|10||4601 S Roxbury Street|
(local time)SEE WORLD AQI RANKING
live AQI index
|Air pollution level||Air quality index||Main pollutant|
|Moderate|| 61 US AQI||PM2.5|
PM2.5 concentration in Seattle is currently 3.4 times the WHO annual air quality guideline value
| Close your windows to avoid dirty outdoor air|
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| Sensitive groups should reduce outdoor exercise|
|Friday, Jan 27|
Good 38 US AQI
|Saturday, Jan 28|
Good 13 US AQI
|Sunday, Jan 29|
Good 37 US AQI
|Monday, Jan 30|
Moderate 56 US AQI
Moderate 61 US AQI
|Wednesday, Feb 1|
Good 34 US AQI
|Thursday, Feb 2|
Good 33 US AQI
|Friday, Feb 3|
Good 5 US AQI
|Saturday, Feb 4|
Good 7 US AQI
|Sunday, Feb 5|
Good 5 US AQI
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Seattle has mixed air pollution ratings. Despite “good” US AQI levels over recent years, Seattle failed to meet federal targets for allowable unhealthy ozone days and unhealthy PM2.5 days in 2019.
On average, Seattle experiences 14.2 unhealthy pollution days a year, with 7 owing to high ozone and 7.2 owing to high PM2.5.1 The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommends no more than 3.2 unhealthy pollution days each year for each pollutant. The frequency of Seattle’s pollution spikes is thereby more than double the targeted allowance.
From a broader perspective, the 14.2 unhealthy pollution days represent just 4 percent of the year. Other days in Seattle tend to achieve “good” to “moderate” US AQI ratings. More concerning is a trend of recently declining air quality in King county, of which Seattle is the county seat.
Since 2016, all key measures for PM2.5 and ozone pollution have been on the rise. Prior to the 2015 to 2017 monitoring period, Seattle had met federal attainment levels for the allowable number of “unhealthy” PM2.5 and ozone days. Driving Seattle’s declining air quality is a combination of population growth, new industry and construction, the increased frequency and severity of wildfires, and EPA rollbacks on a variety of emission sources.
A growing population and economy does not need to be a reason for more emissions, however. Shifting towards cleaner energy and more fuel-efficient and low-emission vehicles, clearing forest underbrush with prescribed fires, and further advancing limits on emission sources are all means that have the potential to again reduce Seattle air pollution levels within federal attainment levels.
Seattle air quality is the total of constant daily emissions, weather patterns, and pollution events. While these conditions are not all controllable, healthy air quality levels can be attained by managing what is controllable.
The emphasis of mitigation efforts should be on reducing Seattle emissions from mobile sources like cars and trucks. These sources are responsible for nearly half of Seattle’s air pollution emissions. The advent and popularity of electric vehicles along with government incentives have already reduced some barriers to adaptation. Seattle aims to reach an electric vehicle market share of 30 percent for privately owned electric vehicles by 2030.2 This adoption goal is dependent on individual consumers, however, and may take longer than the proposed timeline.
King County, meanwhile, is moving ahead with plans to adopt an all-electric fleet of 1,400 buses by 2040 as well as converting its ferry fleet to electric vessels. Heavy duty vehicles, such as those powered by diesel, are heavy polluters. The Port of Seattle’s Clean Truck program is working to increase truck carry loads to make these a more viable and accepted option.
Pollution levels are subject to change based on a combination of conditions. Follow Seattle’s changing air quality levels in real time at the top of this page.
Seattle’s forecast air quality data is the best resource for understanding short-term trends in air quality. Plan outdoor activities for times when air quality is in the US AQI “good” category.
In 2019, Seattle air quality averaged an annual PM2.5 concentration of 7.5 μg/m3, meeting both the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and World Health Organization (WHO) standards for annual PM2.5 exposure. While success in meeting these annual targets reduces the health risk of Seattle residents, the WHO cautions that no level of PM2.5 exposure has been shown to be free of health impacts.3
Seattle PM2.5 pollution is often attributed to the large concentration of industrial facilities and seafaring ships in South Park and Georgetown.4 It may come as a surprise that a majority of emissions, instead, originate from the city’s motor vehicles. Heavy duty trucks and other diesel engines are especially culpable.
The residents of Georgetown and South Park are all too familiar with smoke from freight trucks hauling cargo from the port to rail yards. On an average weekday, over 8,000 commutes are taken by freight trucks. The impact of this hyperlocal emission source is severe.
A 2008 study by Puget Sound’s Clean Air Agency found that these areas in the Duwamish Valley experience an extra 400 cancer cases per 100,000 people. For residents who live near major roadways, the situation is even more severe, with an additional 40 to 80 cancer cases per 100,000 people. (The study assumed 70 years of exposure as well as the worst-case scenario of exposure.)
Seasonal trends, including wildfires in the late summer and fall and wood burning in the winter, contribute to Seattle’s highest PM2.5 levels. While August was the most polluted month in 2017 and 2018 as a result of wildfires, elevated PM2.5 levels throughout the winter months tended to be roughly 40 percent higher than in the summer months.
Identify active wildfires burning in the King County area with Seattle air quality map, which pinpoints fire locations and illustrates the flow of particle pollution in real-time.
Seattle’s air quality index (AQI) consistently averages ratings categorized as “good.” The city misses the mark, however, when it comes to its number of unhealthy pollution days, or 24-hour spikes.
The American Lung Association (ALA) releases an annual air quality report card showing comparative pollution levels across US regions and counties. According to the 2020 report card, Seattle received an “F” grade for both 24-hour PM2.5 and ozone.
Seattle’s failing grade was a result of exceeding the allowable target of 3.2 unhealthy ozone days and 3.2 unhealthy PM2.5 days. From 2016 to 2018, Seattle experienced an average of 7 high ozone days and 7.2 high PM2.5 days.
By these measures, Seattle ranks 36th nationally for high ozone days out of 229 included metropolitan areas and ties for 14th for worst 24-hour particle pollution out of 216 metropolitan areas. Seattle, Spokane, WA, and Coeur d'Alene, ID area tied for 14th worst particle pollution, experienced similar elevated PM2.5 levels as a result of wildfires.
In order to further drive air quality improvements in the future and meet federal attainment levels for 24-hour PM2.5 and ozone pollution, Seattle air quality policies must be multifaceted.
The city’s growing population will add new construction, increase strain on Seattle's infrastructure, and increase the toll of residential daily emissions. Climate change will present another challenge – warming temperatures increase the rate at which ozone forms and create a longer ozone season. Such conditions may likely counter Seattle air pollution measures intended to reduce the prevalence of precursor pollutants in the air.
Against this backdrop, Seattle is federally required to address its non-attainment pollution levels. Ongoing air quality mitigation efforts in Seattle include:
+ Article Resources
 American Lung Association. (2020). State of the air – 2020.
 Scruggs G. (2019, September 28). Seattle City Light unveils strategy to handle expected surge in electric vehicles. Geek Wire.
 World Health Organization. (2020). Air quality guidelines – global update 2005.
 McClure R, et al. (2011, June 13). Breathing uneasy: Air pollution crisis in South Seattle. Investigate West.
 King County Government. (2002). Greenhouse gases & traditional pollutant emissions inventory – year 2000.
 Seattle Electric Vehicle Association (SEVA). (2020). Things to know when you purchase, lease or convert an Electric Vehicle in Washington State.
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