|1||Thai Mueang, Phangnga|
|2||Uthai Thani, Uthai Thani|
|3||Nakhon Sawan, Nakhon Sawan|
|5||Saraburi, Sara Buri|
|6||Suphan Buri, Suphan Buri|
|8||Nong Chok, Bangkok|
|10||Ban Sang, Prachin Buri|
(local time)SEE WORLD AQI RANKING
live AQI index
|Air pollution level||Air quality index||Main pollutant|
|Moderate|| 84 US AQI||PM2.5|
|PM2.5|| 28 µg/m³|
|PM10|| 37 µg/m³|
|O3|| 110 µg/m³|
|SO2|| 5.2 µg/m³|
PM2.5 concentration in Nakhon Chai Si air is currently 5.6 times above the WHO annual air quality guideline value
|Close your windows to avoid dirty outdoor air|
|Sensitive groups should reduce outdoor exercise|
|Tuesday, Jan 25|
Moderate 73 US AQI
|Wednesday, Jan 26|
Moderate 71 US AQI
|Thursday, Jan 27|
Moderate 73 US AQI
Moderate 84 US AQI
|Saturday, Jan 29|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 123 US AQI
|Sunday, Jan 30|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 105 US AQI
|Monday, Jan 31|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 111 US AQI
|Tuesday, Feb 1|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 118 US AQI
|Wednesday, Feb 2|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 120 US AQI
|Thursday, Feb 3|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 115 US AQI
Interested in hourly forecast? Get the app
Nakhon Chai Si is located in the central region of Thailand and has a somewhat different record of air pollution present when compared to other cities, towns and provinces in Thailand. Whilst the northern region of the country is subject to much higher incidences of air pollution due to the open burning of farmland and forested areas, in a practice known as slash and burn farming, southern or central regions do not get affected as badly by this phenomenon. Variations can, however, exist depending on the nature of each area and cities that aren’t so far north may also see spikes in its pollution levels due to this occurrence. Nakhon Chai Si does not have any particular prominent spikes in its air pollution levels throughout the year, utilizing the data collected for 2020 as a reference point. The end of the article will discuss which months of the year are more polluted than others, and which ones have the best level of air quality. In mid to late October of 2021, a US AQI reading of 70 was recorded, a fairly high figure that placed Nakhon Chai Si into the 'moderate' air pollution rating bracket, which requires a US AQI reading of 51 to 100 to be classified as such. it is typically around this time of year when air quality levels start to worsen, and as such preventative measures should be put into place to halt or lessen the adverse health effects.
Air pollution has a prevalence in Nakhon Chai Si due to many of the reasons that afflict other cities, towns and regions throughout Thailand as well as neighboring countries. These include ones such as the burning of vast swathes of forest or farmland, conducted in a practice known as slash and burn farming. Whilst this is most prevalent in the northern regions of the country, it can also affect many other provinces, causing the pollution levels to spike drastically towards the end of the year and stay elevated into the early months of the following year, with some cited figures from years past demonstrating this, which will be discussed in the last two questions of the article. Other causes of air pollution in Nakhon Chai Si include exhaust fumes emitted from the numerous vehicles in use, with a large amount of them being of the aged or defunct variety. Whilst there have been many steps taken to remove those excess pollution-causing vehicles from the roads, particularly in major cities, their use is still prevalent throughout many rural areas or outside the larger or more densely populated regions. Due to the extremely poor combustion process that takes place (often coupled with low-quality fuels or fossil fuels), considerably higher amounts of noxious oil vapors are released into the atmosphere, along with the usual chemical compounds such as nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, ozone (which forms afterward as the various pollutants are exposed to solar radiation, thus forcing a reaction take place which forms ozone, or smog as it is more commonly known as). Other causes include factories and power plants, which also rely heavily on burning fossil fuels to meet their power needs. Road repairs, construction sites and other similar areas also release high amounts of ultrafine or coarse particles into the air, raising the PM2.5 and PM10 levels, which can cause prominent spikes in the particle pollution readings. The combustion of raw and organic materials remains as one of the more prevalent causes of pollution in Nakhon Chai Si, compounded further by anthropogenic and industrial activities.
Excessive breathing of polluted air during certain months can bring about a myriad of health issues, with some being more short-term and less severe in nature, whilst others can have more serious and long-lasting effects, sometimes contributing to an earlier mortality rate. Dry coughs, respiratory infections and irritation to the respiratory tract are common, typically when inhalation of fine particles occurs. This can be lessened by wearing particle filtering masks during bouts of higher air pollution, as well as avoiding outdoor activity. Other health issues include chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), an umbrella term that includes within it ailments such as pneumonia, bronchitis, aggravated forms of asthma (which can be caused, as well as triggered off by exposure to fine dust particles and certain chemical irritants) and emphysema, all of which can decrease an individuals capacity to take a full breath of air, reduce the quality of living as well as contribute to premature death rates, particularly when such conditions go untreated or exposure to pollution is not well managed.
The main pollutants that are referenced are those that go into making up the US AQI aggregate, which is calculated by the volume of these pollutants and their prevalence in the atmosphere. These include chemical compounds such as nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone, carbon monoxide and the two main forms of particle pollution, PM2.5 and PM10. From both of these, PM2.5 remains as the more dangerous of the two, being comprised of any material that is 2.5 micrometers or less in diameter (with these particles ranging from several extremely dangerous materials such as metals, bacteria and mold spores, nitrates, sulfates and a variety of liquid-vapor droplets, along with ultrafine dust, which can cause scarring to the lung tissue when inhaled along with some of them being carcinogenic). Other pollutants found in the air are ones such as black carbon and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), both of which are released prominently by the combustion of organic material as well as fossil fuels. Some examples of VOCs are benzene, which is known to be highly carcinogenic, as well as styrene, methylene chloride, toluene, xylene and formaldehyde. VOCs can also make up a large portion of indoor air pollution levels, with many household items (particularly toiletries) releasing them steadily into the air. Air fresheners, paints, glues and varnishes can all release them, along with other innocuous items such as scented candles.
Observing the air quality data collected from 2020, it can be seen that Nakhon Chai Si had its highest levels of PM2.5 in March and April, as well as November and December, with October being the month where it became apparent that the PM2.5 levels were beginning to rise. Out of all these months, November and December had the highest readings coming in at 28.1 μg/m³ and 34.4 μg/m³ respectively.
Nakhon Chai Si had a much improved period in which the PM2.5 numbers fell within the World Health Organization's (WHO's) target goal of 10 μg/m³ or less, for the more optimal level of air quality. June through to September (a typical scenario seen though much of Thailand) had the best air quality readings, coming in at 6.8 μg/m³, 7.5 μg/m³, 8.4 μg/m³ and 8 μg/m³ respectively.