Air quality in Semarang

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Semarang

LAST UPDATE (local time)

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Air Quality contributors Sources

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Data sources

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The profile logo of Indonesia Ministry of Environment and ForestryThe profile logo of RespoKare MaskThe profile logo of Indonesia Ministry of Environment and ForestryThe profile logo of IQAir

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Weather

What is the current weather in Semarang?

Weather icon
WeatherBroken clouds
Temperature55.4°C
Humidity10%
Wind4.2 mp/h
Pressure888 mb

live aqi city ranking

Real-time Indonesia city ranking

#cityUS AQI
1 Jakarta, Jakarta

168

2 Palembang, South Sumatra

139

3 Medan, North Sumatra

114

4 Semarang, Central Java

112

5 Bandung, West Java

96

6 Duri, Riau

72

7 Pekanbaru, Riau

72

8 Pontianak, West Kalimantan

72

9 Sedinginan, Riau

62

10 Denpasar, Bali

61

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

live Semarang aqi ranking

Real-time Semarang air quality ranking

#stationUS AQI
1 RespoKare Mask - Karangturi

112

2 KLHK-Semarang

37

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

US AQI

112

live AQI index
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups

Human face indicating AQI level

Overview

What is the current air quality in Semarang?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 112 US AQItrendPM2.5
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
39.8 µg/m³trend

Health Recommendations

How to protect from air pollution in Semarang?

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An open window iconClose your windows to avoid dirty outdoor air
A man cycling iconEveryone should reduce outdoor exercise

Forecast

Semarang air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Thursday, Jan 21

Moderate 76 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Friday, Jan 22

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 106 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Saturday, Jan 23

Moderate 90 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Sunday, Jan 24

Moderate 78 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Today

Moderate 82 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon82.4°55.4°
Wind rotating 315 degree

6.7 mp/h

Tuesday, Jan 26

Moderate 88 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon84.2°73.4°
Wind rotating 330 degree

6.7 mp/h

Wednesday, Jan 27

Moderate 79 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon82.4°75.2°
Wind rotating 356 degree

4.5 mp/h

Thursday, Jan 28

Moderate 80 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon80.6°73.4°
Wind rotating 306 degree

2.2 mp/h

Friday, Jan 29

Moderate 78 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon82.4°75.2°
Wind rotating 287 degree

15.7 mp/h

Saturday, Jan 30

Moderate 68 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon80.6°73.4°
Wind rotating 279 degree

13.4 mp/h

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Historical

Historic air quality graph for Semarang

How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in Semarang

AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR Semarang

What are the pollution levels in Semarang?

The city of Semarang is located in central Java, being the capital as well as the largest city in the province. It has a population of some 1.5 million people living there (as of 2010), and as such suffers from increased levels of pollution due to human activity.

With a large population often comes a large number of cars and other personal vehicles such as motorbikes, along with factories and industries to support a growing city. In recent times, pollution levels in Semarang have come in with a fairly wide variety of readings, with highs of 44.6 μg/m³ being recorded in late November of 2020, and lows of 13.6 μg/m³ being recorded in early December, showing some differences in pollution levels that fluctuate on a daily basis.

This high reading of 44.6 μg/m³ would put Semarang (on that particular day) into the ‘unhealthy for sensitive groups’ rating. As the name implies, portions of the population with a predisposition towards being affected by chemicals would be at risk due to the pollution levels, with groups such as the young, elderly, pregnant mothers and immunocompromised all being at increased risk. The lower readings do show respite in the forms of days that fall within the World Health Organizations (WHO) target goal of 0 to 10 μg/m³ of PM2.5, but these are lesser in number and as such the average tends towards the higher end of the spectrum, making pollution in Semarang a topic that needs addressing.

What are the causes of air pollution in Semarang?

When observing the causes behind pollution in much of Indonesia, and in particular Semarang, the majority of ground-based pollution tends to find itself emanating from vehicular sources, as well as from industrial ones such as factories or other production facilities (more often than not powered by fossil fuel sources such as coal and gas).

During rush hour times, pollution levels can rapidly rise to unhealthy levels, and due to the topography of Semarang's urban landscape, may have a hard time dispersing, particularly in months that see less amounts of rain or wind, both of which are vital natural elements in the reduction of pollution. Cars, motorbikes and lorries can all give out large amounts of smoke and haze, with secondary pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2) dominating the emissions.

Secondary pollutants are ones that arise from chemical reactions taking place in the atmosphere between primary pollutants, which in turn find themselves (the primary pollutants) coming directly from a source such as a fire or combustion of fuel. These primary pollutants make their way into the atmosphere in the form of gases or fine particulate matter (PM2.5 or PM10) and bond which each other chemically, forming more dangerous compounds such as sulfur dioxide (SO2) and ozone (O3).

Of importance is the fact that certain pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide may be counted as both primary and secondary pollutants, due to its ability to be released directly from a combustion source such as industrial machinery or a car engine, or form later on in the atmosphere as a secondary pollutant from the chemical reactions taking place between the nitrogen oxides (NOx). To close, the main pollution sources are vehicles as well as factory-based emissions, with vehicles being the dominating factor in pollution in Semarang.

What are some health risks associated with polluted air in Semarang?

When people are exposed over both long and short periods of time to PM2.5, PM10 along with other dangerous gases as mentioned before, many symptoms can present themselves. In the short term, instances of irritation to the skin, eyes, nose and airways may become apparent, as well as risks of chest infections and overall reduction in lung function, leading to higher rates of mortality amongst adults as well as having negative consequences on the growth of young children.

Exposure to materials such as burnt plastic fumes (as would be present in any factory or industrial area that uses plastic as a material, whether it be recycling or production) can cause health effects such as skin lesions, with pollutants such as dioxins playing a major role in this. Other symptoms include a change in liver function and fat metabolism, leading to higher instances of weakness and fatigue, along with a weakened immune system and possible damage to the nervous system.

What can Semarang do to reduce its pollution levels?

The city of Semarang can take many different steps to see a reduction in its pollution levels, with initiatives such as reducing the number of cars on the road, changing regulations on the quality of fuel as well as placing restrictions on how much pollutants a factory or industrial area can release. These would all go a long way in helping to bring down the elevated numbers of PM2.5.

An introduction of car free zones or days has been proven to put a sizeable dent in nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide emissions, as well as reducing the amount of ozone and carbon monoxide in the air. With tighter restrictions on vehicle fuels being put into place, such as the phasing out of leaded fuels in 2006, new steps could be made to reduce the amount of fossil fuels being used, with a restriction on diesel fuel being a great start.

Factories can also be kept in check with their pollution emission levels by imposing fines on any that exceed a certain level of pollutive output, by monitoring the air in these industrial areas and fining factories that break the limits of what is considered a safe level of pollution. A collection of these steps would see drastic reductions in levels of both PM2.5 and PM10 and other hazardous materials in the air.

What other pollutants can be found in the air in Semarang?

Besides the huge amount of pollutants previously mentioned, there would be other ones finding their way into the atmosphere, and although they are less prominent that the main chemicals such as nitrogen dioxide, they still have a number of negative effects on the health of Semarang's citizens.

They would include black carbon and volatile organic compounds (VOC’s), both of which come from the combustion of fossil fuels and organic material. Others include benzene, formaldehyde, mercury and lead, as well as other plastic fumed based chemicals such as polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. Silica dust from construction sites can also be extremely harmful if not properly maintained, and as such all three of these offending sources, vehicles, factories and construction sites (as well as open burning sources) should all have close tabs on them if cities such as Semarang are to be successful in the ongoing war against pollution.

Semarang air quality data sources

Contributors 2

Data validated and calibrated by IQAir

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