|6||Dadri, Uttar Pradesh|
|9||Dasna, Uttar Pradesh|
(local time)SEE WORLD AQI RANKING
live AQI index
|Air pollution level||Air quality index||Main pollutant|
|Very Unhealthy|| 285 US AQI||PM2.5|
PM2.5 concentration in Loni is currently 47 times the WHO annual air quality guideline value
|Monday, Nov 28|
Very Unhealthy 228 US AQI
|Tuesday, Nov 29|
Very Unhealthy 235 US AQI
|Wednesday, Nov 30|
Very Unhealthy 229 US AQI
Very Unhealthy 285 US AQI
|Friday, Dec 2|
Unhealthy 170 US AQI
|Saturday, Dec 3|
Unhealthy 164 US AQI
|Sunday, Dec 4|
Unhealthy 176 US AQI
|Monday, Dec 5|
Unhealthy 168 US AQI
|Tuesday, Dec 6|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 150 US AQI
|Wednesday, Dec 7|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 146 US AQI
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In the early months of 2022, Loni has continued to show higher amounts of air pollution, with PM2.5 figures and US AQI readings coming in with elevated numbers that indicate that it would indeed be detrimental for many people to breathe the air in Loni, with some days having exceedingly high ratings. In 2019 Loni was also making headlines for poor air quality, and whilst the readings do not stay at such severe levels throughout the whole year (with certain months having slightly better air quality readings), it can also be seen that January of 2022 had ‘very unhealthy’ air quality rankings, with a US AQI reading of 193 placing Loni into this pollution bracket. The PM2.5 concentration was found to be nearly 50 times higher than the safety guidelines set out by the World Health Organization, and as such citizens would do well to implement as many preventative measures and safety routines into their daily life, which includes wearing fine particle filtering masks, running indoor air purifiers if they are available, as well as sealing doors and windows during bouts of particularly high pollution.
Health problems and side effects that may emerge when pollution exposure is high in Loni include irritation to the respiratory tract, as well as infections of the lungs and throat. Skin conditions can occur from smoke and haze exposure, including atopic dermatitis and psoriasis. Further conditions include those that fall under the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) grouping, with some instances including pneumonia, bronchitis, exacerbated forms of asthma as well as emphysema. More severe health conditions include arrhythmias, as well as inflated rates of heart attacks, strokes, all of which can inflate the early death rate within Loni.
Some of the more prominent air pollutants that can be found within Loni include ones that come directly from combustion sources, particularly if the combustion is poor or incomplete (which can happen in many factory boilers and other open burn sources. These can give off pollutants such as black carbon and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), as well as allowing ozone to form on the ground level. Whilst this is a vital part of the upper atmosphere when it accumulates around roads and other areas where people may breathe it, it carries with it some fairly serious health consequences. Other pollutants include those used in the US AQI aggregate, namely nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide and the two forms of particle pollution, the larger PM10, and the smaller and far more dangerous PM2.5. Materials that can fall into the PM2.5 collective include microplastics and tiny rubber particles, certain bacteria and molds, nitrates and sulfates, various liquid vapors, silica dust as well as other finely ground minerals often released from poorly paved roads or construction sites (particularly if stringent safety measures are not adhered to), along with a variety of other dangerous materials that have managed to become 2.5 micrometers or less in diameter. Some examples of the above-mentioned VOCs include benzene, formaldehyde and xylene.
It is of great importance to note that whilst there are indeed many groups of people that are far more vulnerable to pollution exposure in Loni, any level of air pollution present can bring with it the potential to cause harm to those that breathe it daily, or are exposed to sudden large amounts of smoke and fine particles even in a shorter period. This includes healthy and fit citizens, who may still fall foul to adverse air quality conditions. Clouds of smoke and fine particles may set off negative immune responses, as well as causing skin problems and damaging the lungs and heart, as well as many other organ systems. Regarding the most at-risk groups, they include people such as younger children and babies. Alterations to the nervous system can take place amongst those who are still growing, due to the damaging effects of many chemical compounds present in the air that can accumulate within the human body after being breathed over periods. This can end in potentially stunted growth, as well as developmental issues and impaired mental faculties. For adults and other older groups, reproductive health can also be affected. Other groups that fall into the sensitive bracket are pregnant women, who much like the young children and baby’s demographic, can subject their unborn child to the negative side effects of pollution exposure due to certain hazardous chemicals being able to make their way to the child in the womb, causing instances of babies being born prematurely, with low birth weight, as well as increasing the rates of infant mortality. Elderly citizens in Loni are also at risk, due to them being more prone to suffering from respiratory or cardiac ailments. Simple chest or upper respiratory tract infections may develop into more life-threatening or terminal illnesses amongst the elderly, with other comorbidities such as sedentary lifestyle, pre-existing health conditions, obesity, or habits such as smoking lending themselves to making these illnesses extensively worse. Lastly, many people can exhibit a hypersensitive disposition towards certain ultrafine particles and other chemicals found in the pollution in Loni. As such, all of these groups would do well to stay up to date on the pollution levels, both for the current day as well as the forecasts for the coming week. Preventative measures such as wearing fine particle filtering masks and avoiding outdoor activities can aid greatly in reducing more serious side effects.
Pollution levels in Loni can show prominent spikes due to a variety of different sources all contributing to these heightened numbers. Many of them release unique pollutants contained within smoke, haze and clouds of hazardous fine particulate matter. Along with certain ones that are unique to industrial processes or other polluting causes, there are also ones that are broader and tend to be released from many if not all of the polluting sources. The chemicals released from these sources will be discussed further in the article. Loni has its pollution coming prominently from industrial sites, factories, and other businesses (both large and small scale) that have a form of combustion taking place to provide energy. Any form of combustion can discharge extensive amounts of pollution into the air, and if these procedures are not regulated with strict protocol (which is more common in certain areas that have fewer rigid criteria in place), considerably larger amounts of dangerous pollution can escape into the air and drive the PM2.5 levels as well as the US AQI readings up. Loni, as with many cities India throughout India that are undergoing rapid growth and development, they are subsequently subject to much higher amounts of pollution, emanating from sources such as the combustion of fossil fuels like coal, oil, natural gas and diesel, with the smoke, haze and smog released as a result of their combustion pushing the air pollution levels up by a significant amount, year after year. Additionally, vehicle ownership is also consistently rising in cities such as Loni, once again in the same manner as the rest of India and indeed the whole world. Cars, motorbikes and further smaller personal vehicles discharge considerable amounts of pollution into the air, more so if they are of the aged or poorly maintained variety, or if lower-grade fuels are used in their engines. Larger or more heavy-duty freight vehicles such as trucks, lorries and buses can release many tons of soot and other particles into the atmosphere, with a fair amount of these vehicles still utilizing diesel as their main fuel source. The continual wear and tear of tire treads can also cause excesses of finely ground rubber particles to enter into both the air, bodies of water and the earth, over long periods, which can have a drastic effect on both the surrounding wildlife outside of the city limits, as well as contaminating water sources, entering into the food chain and causing breathing problems amongst those that are exposed to these fine particles.