|1||Nanpara, Uttar Pradesh|
|2||Ghatampur, Uttar Pradesh|
|5||Shivaji Nagar, Maharashtra|
|8||Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh|
|9||Dasna, Uttar Pradesh|
|10||Bulandshahr, Uttar Pradesh|
(local time)SEE WORLD AQI RANKING
live AQI index
|Air pollution level||Air quality index||Main pollutant|
|Unhealthy|| 195 US AQI||PM2.5|
|PM2.5|| 140 µg/m³|
PM2.5 concentration in Jaunpur air is currently 28 times above the WHO annual air quality guideline value
|Monday, Jan 24|
Unhealthy 184 US AQI
|Tuesday, Jan 25|
Unhealthy 177 US AQI
|Wednesday, Jan 26|
Unhealthy 178 US AQI
Unhealthy 195 US AQI
|Friday, Jan 28|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 129 US AQI
|Saturday, Jan 29|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 129 US AQI
|Sunday, Jan 30|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 124 US AQI
|Monday, Jan 31|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 148 US AQI
|Tuesday, Feb 1|
Unhealthy 156 US AQI
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The air in Jaunpur has shown some significantly dangerous readings throughout the latter months of the year, with December of 2021 coming in with some fairly serious readings that can cause a great number of health issues amongst the citizens of Jaunpur. US AQI readings of 229 were taken, placing Jaunpur into the ‘very unhealthy’ rating bracket, along with an accompanying PM2.5 reading of 178.6 μg/m³, some 35.7 times higher than the safe annual exposure guidelines set out by the World Health Organization. Hazardous readings (with US AQI readings over 301 being classified as such) were on record for many days over December, which is enough to cause severe effects amongst even the healthiest citizens. Preventative measures should certainly be taken, and air forecast readings monitored so that individuals can see when the air pollution levels start to abate to safer readings, as well as when they are set to spike upwards again. These can all be followed either by the air quality maps and graphs on this page, as well as on the AirVisual app.
Some examples of the pollutants that can be found in the air of Jaunpur include those that can also be found within many different cities and states across India as a whole. There are some distinct differences in certain areas, with factors such as weather conditions playing a role, as well as the natural topography and urban areas all playing a part in allowing the buildup of certain pollutants, or in the opposite regard, the dispersal of them. Strong winds can play important roles in removing large clouds of haze, smoke and hazardous particulate matter, as well as rain tamping down some of the larger particles that are found in the air in Jaunpur (although when the two are compared, wind is the far more effective remover of air pollution). With these differences taken into account, there are varying levels of the same pollutants found across different areas of the country. Certain industrial practices can also add to the pollution collective, with activities such as stubble burning in certain parts of India, as well as brick kilns, firecrackers during festivals and excess vehicle usage all contributing to their levels. With some of the sources mentioned (with further elaboration in the last question of the article regarding the main causes of air pollution in Jaunpur), some of the main pollutants would be those that naturally are used to calculate the US AQI figure, which are nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone (or smog as it is more commonly referred to when it accumulates in larger amounts, often seen in areas of heavy traffic), carbon monoxide as well as the two main forms of particle pollution, PM10 and PM2.5. The latter of these two fine particles is the far more dangerous of the two, with its minute size of 2.5 micrometers or less (on occasion going down to sizes many microns smaller) allowing it to penetrate deep into the lungs, causing tissue damage within the pulmonary region, as well as crossing the blood barrier, aided by its size, and thus being able to travel to the furthest reaches of the body, causing a myriad of health issues, both acute and chronic. Other pollutants that can be found include a wide array of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), as well as black carbon, which are both formed when fossil fuels and organic matter undergo incomplete or poor combustion, as is often the case in brick kilns, car engines (particularly aged or poorer quality ones), stubble burning as well as the open burning of trash and refuse. Some examples of VOCs include styrene, xylene, methylene chloride, toluene, formaldehyde and benzene. Black carbon, as mentioned above, is often found caked onto roadside areas and other similar sites that see a large amount of combustion take place. It is a potent carcinogen and is counted amongst the PM2.5 collective, although some of its particles can be slightly larger. Other forms of harmful or cancerous particles include finely ground silica (another known carcinogen that can also cause scarification of lung tissue when breathed in excess or over long periods), microplastics, metals, sulfates and nitrates, along with oil vapors, often released from those previously mentioned older vehicles. These are but a number of the pollutants that can be found within the air in Jaunpur, in varying degrees depending on the area and its relevant activities.
Health problems and other adverse issues that can occur during times of higher air pollution in Jaunpur, and indeed in many polluted regions throughout India, include irritation to the throat, lungs and the rest of the respiratory tract. These can subsequently turn into infections if left untreated or exposure is not limited. Skin conditions can occur from smoke and haze exposure, including conditions such as acne, eczema and psoriasis. Further conditions include those that fall under the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) bracket, which includes illnesses such as pneumonia, bronchitis, asthma, as well as emphysema. Other more serious health issues include arrhythmias, as well as heightened rates of heart attacks, strokes and premature death, all of which can be directly linked to excess pollution exposure, with many studies highlighting this fact throughout recent history. This places a greater amount of emphasis on the importance of keeping oneself safe from pollution exposure throughout Jaunpur, particularly during the months that have the highest readings of PM2.5 and US AQI.
Some examples of the different groups of people within Jaunpur that may be more at risk of suffering from negative effects from pollution exposure are ones such as the elderly, as well as those with compromised immune systems or pre-existing health conditions. Other people that may need to take to stay clear from clouds of smoke, smog and haze include pregnant women, those with hypersensitivity towards chemical pollutants, as well as young children and babies.
Jaunpur has many different sources of pollution present both within the city and outside of the city limits. Due to certain wind currents, smoke and dust can be blown in from other districts around Uttar Pradesh, particularly when larger amounts of soot and haze have accumulated, due to the many different polluting activities taking place. Some of these activities include the burning of crops, or stubble burning as it is more commonly referred to as in India, or slash and burn farming. Low-income districts, as well as rural areas outside of the city, can also produce large amounts of pollution via human activity, with households resorting to traditional methods of cooking or heating by burning material such as dried animal dung, firewood and charcoal. The combustion of these materials can release many different pollutants, with ones such as black carbon, volatile organic compounds and the various oxides of nitrogen being emitted into the air and upper atmosphere. Other major sources include vehicle emissions, along with road repairs or construction sites. Both of the last two mentioned factors can release vast amounts of particles into the air, causing prominent spikes in PM2.5 and PM10 levels.