|1||Tiruvottiyur, Tamil Nadu|
|4||Alappakkam, Tamil Nadu|
(local time)SEE WORLD AQI RANKING
|2||Jaiprakash Power Ventures Limited Amelia Coal Mine CHP|
|3||Vindhyachal STPS, Singrauli - MPPCB|
(local time)SEE WORLD AQI RANKING
live AQI index
|Air pollution level||Air quality index||Main pollutant|
|Good|| 32 US AQI||PM2.5|
PM2.5 concentration in Singrauli is currently 1.6 times the WHO annual air quality guideline value
|Open your windows to bring clean, fresh air indoors|
|Enjoy outdoor activities|
|Monday, Aug 8|
Moderate 65 US AQI
|Tuesday, Aug 9|
Moderate 59 US AQI
|Wednesday, Aug 10|
Moderate 57 US AQI
Good 32 US AQI
|Friday, Aug 12|
Moderate 90 US AQI
|Saturday, Aug 13|
Moderate 94 US AQI
|Sunday, Aug 14|
Moderate 100 US AQI
|Monday, Aug 15|
Moderate 90 US AQI
|Tuesday, Aug 16|
Moderate 99 US AQI
|Wednesday, Aug 17|
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 113 US AQI
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The air pollution levels in Singrauli have come in with some elevated readings, with these numbers remaining high from December 2021 to early 2022. In late January of 2022, US AQI readings (a figure calculated from the volume of main pollutants present in the air, which will be mentioned in the following questions) were coming in at 147, placing Singrauli into the 'unhealthy for sensitive groups' air quality rating bracket. As the name implies, those with a sensitive disposition towards air pollution will be at heightened risk, but it is also important to note that at such a level of air pollution the entire population will also be at risk of ill and adverse health effects. Whilst Singrauli does not continue to have such heavy levels of smoke, smog and haze present in 2022, towards the end of December its pollution readings went as high as 248, placing it into the ‘very unhealthy’ bracket. This is of particular detriment to all members of society in Singrauli, and as such the air quality in the city can potentially go up to dangerous levels. Caution should be practiced, and monitoring the air quality levels can go a long way in helping to reduce the adverse health issues brought on by excess pollution exposure in Singrauli.
Pollution levels in Singrauli can show pronounced spikes due to an assortment of further sources all contributing to these heightened numbers. Many of them release unique pollutants contained within smoke, haze and clouds of hazardous fine particulate matter. Along with certain ones that are unique to industrial processes or other polluting causes, there are also ones that are more general and tend to be released from many if not all of the polluting sources. The chemicals discharged from these sources will be discussed further in the article. Singrauli has its pollution coming prominently from industrial sites, factories, and other businesses (both large and small scale) that have a form of combustion taking place to provide energy. Any form of combustion can release vast amounts of pollution into the air, and if these practices are not controlled with stringent protocols (which is more common in certain areas that have fewer rigid criteria in place), considerably larger amounts of dangerous pollution can escape into the air and drive the PM2.5 levels as well as the US AQI readings up. Singrauli, as with many cities India throughout India that are undergoing rapid growth and development, are subject to much higher levels of pollution, coming from a myriad of sources such as the combustion of fossil fuels like coal, oil, natural gas and diesel, with the smoke, haze and smog released as a result of their combustion pushing the air pollution levels up by a significant amount, year after year.
Additionally, vehicle ownership is also consistently rising in cities such as Singrauli, once again in the same manner as the rest of India. Cars, motorbikes and other smaller vehicles for personal usage discharge considerable amounts of pollution into the air, more so if they are of the aged or inadequately maintained type, or if lower-grade fuels are utilized in their engines. Larger or more heavy-duty freight vehicles such as trucks, lorries and buses can release many tons of soot and other particles into the atmosphere, with a fair amount of these vehicles still utilizing diesel as their main fuel source. The continual wear and tear of tire treads can also cause excesses of finely ground rubber particles to enter into both the air, bodies of water and the earth, over long periods, which can have a drastic effect on both the surrounding wildlife outside of the city limits, as well as contaminating water sources, entering into the food chain and causing breathing problems amongst those that are exposed to these fine particles.
Air pollution in Singrauli can be extremely detrimental to one’s health, so not only is it dangerous to individuals who live in Singrauli, but it can also have long-lasting effects that can cause a myriad of health issues in the next generation due to damage to the environment, as well as residual pollutants being left in the soil and water, as well as making their way into the food chain and thus ending up in people. Some more common health issues include dry coughs and accompanying chest infections, along with some ailments that fall under the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) bracket.
These include asthma, bronchitis, emphysema and pneumonia, all of which can be both caused, and made significantly worse by breathing excessive (or even smaller) amounts of pollution in Singrauli. Other issues include early deaths linked directly to pollution exposure, with terminal illnesses such as various forms of cancer contributing to this. Heart attacks, strokes and many other pulmonary or cardiac issues may present themselves, displaying just how dangerous air pollution exposure can truly be.
Some of the main pollutants that may be found in Singrauli, more prominently during periods of higher US AQI and PM2.5 readings, include the main or most prevalent ones such as nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone, carbon monoxide and both of the particle pollution forms, the aforementioned PM2.5 along with the larger PM10. Other air contaminants include black carbon, silica dust, microplastics and rubber as was mentioned above regarding worn down tire treads, along with metals particles, nitrates and sulfates, as well as volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Some examples of VOCs that can be found in Singrauli include styrene, formaldehyde, methylene chloride and toluene.
People that are affected the most by air pollution exposure in Singrauli include the elderly, along with young children, pregnant mothers, as well as those that have pre-existing health conditions or compromised immune systems. Extra care should be taken by these groups to ensure that more chronic or acute conditions are avoided.