Air quality in Brussels

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Brussels

LAST UPDATE (local time)

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Weather

What is the current weather in Brussels?

Weather icon
WeatherBroken clouds
Temperature51.8°C
Humidity91%
Wind9.2 mp/h
Pressure1018 mb

live aqi city ranking

Real-time Belgium city ranking

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#cityUS AQI
1 Deinze, Flanders

97

2 Zulte, Flanders

94

3 Heist-op-den-Berg, Flanders

93

4 Nivelles, Wallonia

82

5 Zelzate, Flanders

72

6 Leuven, Flanders

67

7 Wielsbeke, Flanders

63

8 Menen, Flanders

59

9 Evergem, Flanders

57

10 Oostrozebeke, Flanders

57

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

live Brussels aqi ranking

Real-time Brussels air quality ranking

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#stationUS AQI
1 Neder-Over-Heembeek

45

2 Avant-port (Haren)

41

3 Sainte-Catherine

6

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

US AQI

43

live AQI index
Good

Human face indicating AQI level

Overview

What is the current air quality in Brussels?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Good 43 US AQIPM2.5
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
10.5 µg/m³
PM10
18.5 µg/m³
O3
18.5 µg/m³trend
NO2
25 µg/m³trend
!

PM2.5

x1.1

PM2.5 concentration in Brussels air is currently 1.1 times above the WHO annual air quality guideline value

Health Recommendations

How to protect from air pollution in Brussels?

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Forecast

Brussels air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Friday, Oct 22

Good 29 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Saturday, Oct 23

Good 41 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Sunday, Oct 24

Good 38 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Today

Good 43 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon57.2°42.8°
Wind rotating 215 degree

13.4 mp/h

Tuesday, Oct 26

Good 50 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon59°46.4°
Wind rotating 229 degree

13.4 mp/h

Wednesday, Oct 27

Good 35 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon60.8°50°
Wind rotating 212 degree

13.4 mp/h

Thursday, Oct 28

Good 26 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon60.8°48.2°
Wind rotating 187 degree

13.4 mp/h

Friday, Oct 29

Good 26 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon60.8°51.8°
Wind rotating 198 degree

15.7 mp/h

Saturday, Oct 30

Good 39 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon59°53.6°
Wind rotating 179 degree

15.7 mp/h

Sunday, Oct 31

Good 23 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon57.2°51.8°
Wind rotating 176 degree

17.9 mp/h

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Historical

Historic air quality graph for Brussels

How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in Brussels

AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR Brussels

What is the air quality index of Brussels?

Brussels, officially the Brussels-Capital Region is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the capital of Belgium. It is located in the central part of Belgium and is part of the French and also the Flemish sectors. Brussels is a major centre for many international organisations, most notably, it is the de facto capital of the European Union.

In early 2021, Brussels was experiencing a period of “Moderate” quality air with a US AQI reading of 63. This classification is based on recommendations by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The concentrations of the measured pollutants were: PM2.5 - 18 µg/m³, ozone (O3) - 55 µg/m³ and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) - 11 µg/m³. With levels such as these, the advice is to close doors and window to prevent the ingress of dirty air into the rooms and those of a sensitive disposition should avoid outdoor activity until the air quality improves.

What is the main source of air pollution in Brussels?

There are two four-lane highways through which traffic stops at all times. In traffic jams, you can also walk down the side streets of the area. There are simply far too many cars. Emissions from vehicles are the main source of air pollution in Brussels.

In Brussels, in addition to fine particles of PM2.5, the problem is nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions. Both are constantly in the air many times the permitted values.

On the Arts-Loi Street across the EU, the average concentration of nitrogen oxides in the air is 56 micrograms per cubic meter µg/m³. On many days, the concentration rises alarmimgly. The maximum permissible concentration according to EU law is 40 µg/m³.

The most dangerous air pollutants for humans are respirable particles (PM10), fine particles (PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ground-level ozone (O3). According to the European Environment Agency, the biggest sources of air pollution in EU countries are domestic heating, road transport, energy production, industry and agriculture. In cities, one of the worst sources of air pollution is traffic.

What is the pollution level in Brussels?

Looking back at figures from 2019, it can be seen that in September of that year, Brussels attained the target air quality figure of less than 10 µg/m³. During the months of July and December, the air quality was “Good” with figures between 10 and 12 µg/m³. For the remaining 9 months, the air quality was “Moderate” with figures between 12.1 and 35.4 µg/m³. Looking back over previous years it can be seen that the air quality does not change very much. In 2017 the figure was 14.9 µg/m³ and in 2018 it was 14.1 µg/m³. The average for 2019 was also 14.1 µg/m³.

What can be done to improve the air quality in Brussels?

Belgium celebrated its annual car-free day. The day is truly car-free in Belgium. From morning to evening, motoring is prohibited within the entire Brussels-Capital Region, which covers 19 municipalities. The ban does not apply to public transport, the use of which is free of charge on a car-free day.

The streets of the city this year were also full of events from organic markets and concerts to pony rides.

The 2008 Air Quality Directive is a keystone of EU air quality policy, as it sets acceptable levels for concentrations of air pollutants. The directive also requires member states to analyse air quality and report the results to the European Environment Agency, as well as to draw up national plans for improving air quality.

The EU Commission also has the power to take action if the Member States do not comply with the requirements of the directive but, for example, breach the limit values for air pollution.

Much has already been achieved as a result of the regulations. People no longer have to breathe sulphur dioxide, lead, leukaemia-causing benzene, carbon dioxide or carbon monoxide.

In many countries, there is a need to address household heating with solid fuels. In addition to wood, coal is also used in many EU countries. The key means of transport are the old familiar promotion of walking, cycling, low-emission passenger cars and public transport, for example through infrastructure development and public procurement.

Traffic is currently being electrified. Car manufacturers have started to produce new electric car models and prices are falling so that hopefully the average consumer will be able to afford it. The next thing is that the local councils must provide convenient recharging points throughout the city. Drivers of electric vehicles need to know they can be recharged if needed. Without such facilities, there will be no confidence in owning such a vehicle because it would be a liability.

Emission limits for nitrogen oxides, particulate emissions, carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons have been defined for cars, vans and trucks through Euro standards. In addition, a maximum emission value has been set for greenhouse gas carbon dioxide from 2012 onwards. It has long been known that car emissions are in fact up to seven times higher than measurements made under laboratory conditions suggest.

The European Commission, therefore, intends to include RDE emissions in mandatory calculations, i.e. emissions from real driving conditions. Therefore, in addition to Euro standards, all new cars should remain within the RDE limits. From 2017 onwards, this regulation applies to the nitrogen oxide values for diesel cars and the fine particulate matter (PM) values for all cars.

Diesel pollutants are also released into the city air from various work machines, the emission limit values of which should also be tightened.

What are the effects of breathing Brussels’ poor quality air?

Air pollution from particulate matter PM2.5 and PM10, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ground-level ozone (O3) is the leading cause of premature deaths in Europe. According to statistics from the European Environment Agency, air pollution causes 422,000 premature deaths in EU countries every year. By comparison, about 25,000 people die in road accidents every year.

Air pollutants directly cause chronic and serious diseases such as asthma, cardiovascular disease and cancer. According to studies, polluted air is also a component in the onset of type 2 diabetes, childhood obesity and Alzheimer's disease.

Brussels air quality data sources

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Where is the cleanest air quality in Brussels?

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