울란바토르의 공기질

울란바토르의 공기질 지수(AQI)와 PM 2.5 공해도

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AQI 컬러풀한 핀으로 된 IQAir 지도

공기질 기여자 소스

데이터 제공자

기여자

4

데이터 소스

5

Ministry of Environment and Tourism of Mongolia의 프로필 로고"Right to Breathe" Project funded by the European Union의 프로필 로고U.S. Department of State의 프로필 로고6 익명의 공헌자의 프로필 로고PurpleAir의 프로필 로고Ministry of Environment and Tourism of Mongolia의 프로필 로고

자신만의 모니터를 장착하여 공기질을 스스로 측정하고 관련 활동에 참여하세요.

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기여자 및 데이터 소스에 관하여 좀 더 자세히 알아보세요

날씨

울란바토르의 현재 날씨는 어떤가요?

날씨 아이콘
날씨때때로 흐림
온도24.8°C
습도68%
바람22.4 mp/h
기압1021 mb

실시간 aqi 도시 순위

실시간 몽골의 도시 랭킹

툴팁 아이콘
#city미국 AQI
1 울란바토르, 울란바토르

160

2 Chonogol, Suhbaatar

82

3 Hongor, Suhbaatar

68

4 Urt, OEmnoegovi

68

5 Ulaan-Uul, East Gobi Aymag

53

6 Tsetserleg, Arhangay

31

7 울란바토르, 울란바토르

29

8 Sumber, East Aimak

18

(현지 시간)

전 세계 AQI 랭킹 보기

실시간 울란바토르 aqi 순위

실시간 울란바토르 공기질 순위

툴팁 아이콘
#station미국 AQI
1 Bayankhoshuu

117

2 Misheel expo

105

3 Mongol gazar

78

4 Baruun 4 zam

72

5 Amgalan

65

6 US Embassy in Ulaanbaatar

61

7 Songinokhairkhan

59

8 Televiz

57

9 Tolgoit

55

10 Urgakh naran

55

(현지 시간)

전 세계 AQI 랭킹 보기

미국 AQI

29

실시간 AQI 지수
좋음

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴

개요

울란바토르의 현재 공기질은 어떤가요?

공해 수준공기질 지수주요 오염물질
좋음 29 미국 AQItrendPM2.5
오염물질농도
PM2.5
7.1 µg/m³trend

건강 관련 권장 사항

울란바토르의 공해로부터 보호하는 방법은?

열린 창 아이콘Open your windows to bring clean, fresh air indoors
자전거 타는 사람 아이콘Enjoy outdoor activities

기상예보

울란바토르 공기질 지수(AQI) 예보

오염 수준날씨온도바람
목요일, 4월 8

보통 81 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
금요일, 4월 9

보통 57 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
토요일, 4월 10

보통 56 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
오늘

보통 56 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘37.4°17.6°
3도로 회전하는 바람

17.9 mp/h

월요일, 4월 12

좋음 6 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘30.2°10.4°
317도로 회전하는 바람

8.9 mp/h

화요일, 4월 13

좋음 12 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘37.4°21.2°
308도로 회전하는 바람

6.7 mp/h

수요일, 4월 14

좋음 10 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘35.6°23°
313도로 회전하는 바람

15.7 mp/h

목요일, 4월 15

좋음 5 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘33.8°23°
305도로 회전하는 바람

17.9 mp/h

금요일, 4월 16

좋음 8 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘37.4°23°
334도로 회전하는 바람

11.2 mp/h

토요일, 4월 17

좋음 20 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘53.6°30.2°
242도로 회전하는 바람

2.2 mp/h

시간 단위 일기 예보에 관심이 있으신가요? 앱 받기

내역

울란바토르의 공기질 내역 그래프

공해로부터 가장 좋은 보호 방법은?

울란바토르에서 공해에 대한 노출을 줄이세요

울란바토르의 공기질 분석 및 통계

How bad are the pollution levels in Ulaanbaatar?

Ulaanbaatar is the capital city of Mongolia, as well as being the largest in the country. The name has the meaning of ‘red hero’, and is the cultural, economic and industrial heart of Mongolia. The city has some 1.452 million people living there as of 2017. The country as a whole is subject to some extreme temperature conditions, and as such this has a prominent effect on the pollution levels, with severe periods of cold often leading to people burning large amounts of wood and fossil fuels to stay warm, not just for comfort but as an essential part of life, due to temperatures falling to as low as -40 degrees Celsius and beyond.

In terms of its overall levels of pollution, Ulaanbaatar came in with a PM2.5 average over the year of 2019 with a reading of 62 μg/m³, putting it into the ‘unhealthy’ rating bracket. This requires a PM2.5 reading of 55.5 to 150.4 μg/m³ to be classed as such, and as the name implies this level of air quality is largely very dangerous to breathe, and would present many problems for many people living in Ulaanbaatar, particularly certain groups such as young children or those with preexisting respiratory conditions. These statistics show that Ulaanbaatar is indeed suffering from very bad levels of pollution, with its 2019 average reading of 62 μg/m³ putting it in 48th place out of all cities ranked worldwide.

What are the main causes of pollution in Ulaanbaatar?

There would be several main causes of pollution compounding the problem that Ulaanbaatar faces, with some more prominent than others. Before getting to the main one, it is importance to mention pollution coming from vehicles as well as that of factories. Due to less stringent regulations on fuels that can be used, large amounts of diesel still finds its use in the many cars and motorbikes and buses that populate the roads of Ulaanbaatar. Due to the city being a trade hub for both China and Russia, transport and trade in and out of the city would have a prominent effect on the year-round ambient pollution levels.

To mention the main cause of pollution here, it must be established that Ulaanbaatar sees huge amounts of rural to urban migration, with many people moving into the capital and setting up informal settlements known as ‘Gers’, a type of traditional dwelling made out of wood and insulated with felt and other materials. In the center of these dwellings is the fireplace, or stove, the number one offender of air pollution that can see PM2.5 levels rise to as high as 194 μg/m³, as registered in January 2019. These stoves can burn a large variety of materials to generate heat for the dwellings, with materials such as raw coal, wood and even dried dung. The burning of these substances, particularly raw and unwashed coal, has disastrous consequences on the environment and the health of the people living in the capital city.

What pollutants are found in the air in Ulaanbaatar?

With a large amount of its pollution stemming from the stoves and fireplaces that are center place in most homes, the result would be pollutants that find their origin in the burning of materials such as coal and wood, which can both release a plethora of harmful chemical compounds as well as fine particulate matter into the air. To name a few of the fine particulate matters, ones such as black carbon and volatile organic compounds would be quite prominent. Black carbon makes up a large amount of the composition of soot, and as such can be found in high amounts in areas that see stove burning fires taking place, as well as being released from vehicles that run on diesel fuel.

Others would include nitrogen dioxide (NO­2), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and carbon monoxide (CO), all of which have disastrous effects on health when inhaled over prolonged periods of time. Due to this raw coal being largely unwashed or unprocessed, the quantities of these pollutants would be far more abundant and thus cause the catastrophic effects to the air quality that is seen in Ulaanbaatar, which large amounts of smoke, haze and smog permeating the atmosphere in the colder months.

What are the dangers to health from breathing the air in Ulaanbaatar?

Breathing air with PM2.5 levels going as high 194.6 μg/m³, which puts it directly into the ‘very unhealthy’ bracket, would have innumerable consequences, particularly on vulnerable parts of the population, with young children and pregnant mothers being the most at risk. Poor health attributable to breathing this polluted air would include instances of ischemic heart disease (a term used to describe when a particular organ, in this case the heart, is not receiving enough oxygen), increased rates of lung cancer and strokes, as well as the myriad of issues that fall under the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) bracket, which include ailments such as asthma, bronchitis, emphysema as well as an overall reduction in full lung capacity.

Fine particulate matter such as black carbon can penetrate deep into the lung tissue, where due to its incredibly small size can actually pass into the blood stream via the lungs. Here it can wreak havoc on almost all parts of the body, causing damage to the blood vessels, the nervous system, hepatic and renal function as well as irreversible changes to the nervous system.

Young children who are particularly at risk may suffer continuous bouts of respiratory infections and irritations, causing them to develop poor lung function that can interfere with natural and healthy growth, leading to a stunting of both physical and mental development. These are but a few of the side effects of breathing such high concentrations of pollution.

Is the air quality in Ulaanbaatar improving?

Observing the data taken over the last few years, it shows that the pollution levels are hovering around the same dangerous yearly averages, with 2018 leading into 2019 actually showing an increase in PM2.5 levels. In 2017, Ulaanbaatar had a reading of 66.5 μg/m³, slightly worse than more up to date times. This was followed in 2018 by a mildly improved reading of 58.5 μg/m³. Whilst this was nearly low enough for it to move down a notch into the ‘unhealthy for sensitive groups’ bracket, the reading was tarnished again in 2019 by an increase back up to 62 μg/m³. This is indicative that if pollution levels in Ulaanbaatar are to be improved, then a large amount of action must be taken in controlling the amounts of fossil fuels and organic matter being burnt during the winter.

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