프리슈티나의 공기질

프리슈티나의 공기질 지수(AQI)와 PM 2.5 공해도

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AQI 컬러풀한 핀으로 된 IQAir 지도

공기질 기여자 소스

데이터 제공자

기여자

6

데이터 소스

4

3CIS의 프로필 로고BONEVET의 프로필 로고ILG School의 프로필 로고IPKO Telecommunications L.L.C.의 프로필 로고U.S. Department of State의 프로필 로고3 익명의 공헌자의 프로필 로고

자신만의 센서를 장착하여 공기질을 스스로 측정하고 관련 활동에 참여하세요.

기여자 되기
기여자 및 데이터 소스에 관하여 좀 더 자세히 알아보세요

날씨

프리슈티나의 현재 날씨는 어떤가요?

날씨 아이콘
날씨흩어진 구름
온도35.6°C
습도70%
바람9.2 mp/h
기압1021 mb

실시간 aqi 도시 순위

실시간 코소보 공화국의 도시 랭킹

#city미국 AQI
1 Vushtrri, Mitrovica

239

2 Gjilan, Gjilan

188

3 Mitrovice, Mitrovica

167

4 Kamenica, Gjilan

164

5 Vitina, Gjilan

126

6 프리슈티나, Pristina

105

7 Podujeva, Pristina

93

8 Orahovac, Gjakova

90

9 프리즈렌, Prizren

78

10 Kacanik, Ferizaj

77

(현지 시간)

전 세계 AQI 랭킹 보기

실시간 프리슈티나 aqi 순위

실시간 프리슈티나 공기질 순위

#station미국 AQI
1 IPKO Administration Building Prishtina

181

2 Embassy of Sweden in Pristina

153

3 US Embassy in Pristina

153

4 Innovation Centre Kosovo

147

5 ILG School

141

6 IPKO Lagja Qendresa, Veternik

109

7 IPKO Shop Tophane

109

8 IPKO Kodra e Diellit

78

9 ASI - Prishtina High School

74

10 IPKO Lagjja Dodona

72

(현지 시간)

전 세계 AQI 랭킹 보기

프리슈티나 웹캠

11:06, 1월 21

프리슈티나에 공해가 있나요?

11:06, 1월 21에 프리슈티나 웹캠의 썸네일

미국 AQI

105

실시간 AQI 지수
민감한 사람에게 나쁨

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴

개요

프리슈티나의 현재 공기질은 어떤가요?

공해 수준공기질 지수주요 오염물질
민감한 사람에게 나쁨 105 미국 AQItrendPM2.5
오염물질농도
PM2.5
37.3 µg/m³trend

건강 관련 권장 사항

프리슈티나의 공해로부터 보호하는 방법은?

IQAir 마스크 아이콘 Sensitive groups should wear a mask outdoors
마스크 받기
IQAir 청정기 아이콘 공기 청정기를 가동하세요
공기 청정기 받기
열린 창 아이콘실외의 더러운 공기를 차단하도록 창문을 닫으세요
자전거 타는 사람 아이콘Everyone should reduce outdoor exercise

기상예보

프리슈티나 공기질 지수(AQI) 예보

오염 수준날씨온도바람
화요일, 1월 19

민감한 사람에게 나쁨 148 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
수요일, 1월 20

나쁨 165 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
목요일, 1월 21

민감한 사람에게 나쁨 110 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
오늘

민감한 사람에게 나쁨 105 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘39.2°32°
140도로 회전하는 바람

6.7 mp/h

토요일, 1월 23

좋음 23 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘41°35.6°
142도로 회전하는 바람

6.7 mp/h

일요일, 1월 24

좋음 21 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘41°32°
169도로 회전하는 바람

8.9 mp/h

월요일, 1월 25

좋음 21 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘39.2°32°
290도로 회전하는 바람

11.2 mp/h

화요일, 1월 26

좋음 17 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘33.8°26.6°
257도로 회전하는 바람

0 mp/h

수요일, 1월 27

좋음 16 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘33.8°26.6°
6도로 회전하는 바람

0 mp/h

시간 단위 일기 예보에 관심이 있으신가요? 앱 받기

내역

프리슈티나의 공기질 내역 그래프

공해로부터 가장 좋은 보호 방법은?

프리슈티나에서 공해에 대한 노출을 줄이세요

프리슈티나의 공기질 분석 및 통계

How bad is Pristina’s air quality?

The capital city of landlocked Kosovo in the centre of eastern Europe, Pristina experiences some of the worst air pollution found in Europe. This is largely due to air pollution emissions coming from two coal-fired power plants located close to the capital, on which the country relies for a substantial amount of their power supply, in addition high rates of indoor solid fuel burning, such as wood and coal. While Pristina’s air quality regulation and policies are generally less stringent than some found in some western European countries, the city and Kosovo are actively working on improving air pollution management, in particular in order to support the country’s potential accession to the European Union.

The main pollutants of concern in Pristina are particulate matter, which describes tiny microscopic airborne particles measuring less than 2.5 or 10 microns in diameter, abbreviated as PM2.5 or PM10 respectively. This type of pollution is particularly hazardous to human health, both due to its common presence coming from a range of widespread sources affecting populations globally, as well as these particles’ miniscule size enabling them to travel deep into the human system once inhaled, causing a wide range of health effects.

Live air pollution information can be viewed in the Pristina air quality map at the top of this page, along with a 7-day Pristina air quality forecast.

How does Pristina’s air quality compare to other places?

According to IQAir’s 2019 World Air Quality Report, Pristina ranked as the world’s 30th most polluted capital city for PM2.5 pollution, out of a list of 85 global capitals. Pristina’s annual average PM2.5 concentration during that year emerged as 23.5 μg/m3, which exceeds the World Health Organisation (WHO)’s annual standard for PM2.5 (10 μg/m3) more than twofold. Furthermore, Pristina also emerged as the 3rd most polluted capital city within Europe, following the air quality in Sarajevo (34.1 μg/m3) in Bosnia & Herzegovina, and the Bulgarian capital Sofia’s air pollution from PM2.5 (26.8 μg/m3).

Within Kosovo, 10 different cities were reported in IQAir’s 2019 report, with Pristina ranking as the country’s 3rd most polluted city. The most polluted city in Kosovo emerged as the air quality in Prizren (26.0 μg/m3), followed by the town of Kosovo Polje’s air pollution (25.8 μg/m3). Meanwhile, Kosovo’s cleanest location was the town of Glogovac, averaging 15.6 μg/m3 during 2019.1

What are the health effects of air pollution in Pristina?

Exposure to air pollution can result in a wide range of short- and long-term health effects. Short-term exposure to air pollution can cause respiratory symptoms such as coughing, the irritation of eyes, nose and throat, and aggravation of existing conditions such as asthma. Long-term exposure to air pollution can pose more severe risks, such as increased risk of developing diseases such as lung, trachea and bronchial cancer, ischemic heart disease (IHD), stroke, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which describe a group of conditions causing difficulty breathing, including emphysema and chronic bronchitis.2 Ultimately, these conditions can contribute to increased mortality and death from air pollution.

The World Bank estimates that Kosovo’s air pollution contributed toward 760 premature deaths in the country, with 11% of these occurring within Pristina (equating to around 84 annual deaths in the capital). Of these nationwide deaths, around 90% are estimated to be caused by ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke. This overall burden of premature air pollution-associated deaths in Kosovo is predominantly borne by people aged 50 to 59 years old (approximately 45%), with those next most affected within the age bracket of 70 and older.2

Where does Pristina’s air pollution come from?

The major contributors to ambient air pollution affecting Pristina include emissions from coal-fired power plants providing much of the country’s energy supply, smoke from residential burning of solid fuels (such as coal and wood), as well as transport. The burning of solid fuels is a significant issue contributing to Pristina’s air pollution, and offers an opportunity for future policies regulating the types of fuel and stoves permitted for heating in Kosovo to make a positive impact on air quality. An estimated 80-85% of all heating in Kosovo comes from burning firewood, and accordingly, PM2.5 emissions from this source tend to increase during the colder winter months.3

Kosovo’s two large coal-fired power stations, known as Kosova A and Kosova B, are located in the town of Obilic, a short 10 kilometres north-west from Pristina. These power stations have an installed capacity of 1.4 gigawatts of energy, providing an important energy source in a country that experiences inconsistent energy supply.4 However, the coal origins of this power pose significant health hazards in the form of air pollution. Kosova A and B represent two of Europe’s most polluting coal plants within Europe, with Kosova A producing the most PM2.5 emissions across the continent (4,851 tonnes) and Kosova B ranking as Europe’s 3rd most polluting plant, emitting 2,687 tonnes of PM2.5 annually.4 The European NGO ‘Health and Environment Alliance’ (HEAL) estimates that air pollution from Kosovo’s power plants alone contributes towards 370 premature deaths across the country, resulting in health costs of 144 to 352 million euros (equivalent to approximately $175 to $428 million USD) per year. Previously, plans were underway backed by the World Bank to develop a new power station, Kosova C. However, in light of broad criticism of the negative environmental and health impacts of the pollution from Kosovo’s existing coal plants, the World Bank withdrew its support in 2018, and eventually these plans were dropped in 2020.5 Alternative sources of additional energy supply are instead being developed, including a large wind farm project funded by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.6

What is Pristina doing about air pollution?

The Kosovo government has established a network of 12 air quality monitoring stations around the country. While the real-time data from these stations was not always easily accessible to the public, this network was added to the European Environment Agency’s ‘European air quality index’ data platform in late 2020.7 The stations from this network closest to Pristina are located at Obilic, Dardhishte, and Palaj.

Meanwhile, several other organisations and members of the Pristina community have also become involved in measuring and raising awareness of air pollution in Pristina. This notably includes the United States’ State Department establishing an air quality monitor at their Pristina US Embassy in 2016, which drew attention to Pristina’s air quality issues. Subequently, several other organisations and citizen scientists also deployed larger networks of community air quality sensors around the capital and broader Kosovo. Real-time data from these community sensors are included within the Pristina air quality map at the top of this page, to present a real-time picture of Pristina’s air pollution using the widest set of data sources available.

+ Article resources

[1] IQAir. “2019 World Air Quality Report”. IQAir website, March 18, 2020.
[2] The World Bank. “Air Pollution Management in Kosovo”. World Bank website, October, 2019.
[3] Antigona Ukëhaxhaj et al. “Air Pollution in Pristina, Influence on Cardiovascular Hospital Morbidity”. Medical Archives 67(6): 438-441. December 28, 2013. DOI: 10.5455/medarh.2013.67.438-441
[4] HEAL. “The Unpaid Health Bill: How coal power plants in Kosovo make us sick”. The Health and Environment Alliance website. March, 2016.
[5] Xhorxhina Bami, Eve-anne Travers. “Construction of Coal-Fired Power Plant in Kosovo Halted”. Balkan Insight, March 17, 2020.
[6] Reuters. “EBRD to lend 58 million euros to build Kosovo’s biggest wind farm”. Reuters, December 16, 2019.
[7] Kosovo Environmental Protection Agency (KEPA). “Kosovo in the European Network of the Air Quality Index”. KEPA website, November 19, 2020.