자카르타의 공기질

자카르타의 공기질 지수(AQI)와 PM 2.5 공해도

최종 업데이트 (현지 시간)

1.46M 사람들이 이 도시을 팔로우합니다

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AQI 컬러풀한 핀으로 된 IQAir 지도

공기질 기여자 소스

데이터 제공자

기여자

14

데이터 소스

8

Assegaf Hamzah & Partners의 프로필 로고Indonesia Ministry of Environment and Forestry의 프로필 로고Indonesian Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics Council 의 프로필 로고RespoKare Mask의 프로필 로고Greenpeace Indonesia의 프로필 로고PT Transportasi Jakarta의 프로필 로고

자신만의 모니터를 장착하여 공기질을 스스로 측정하고 관련 활동에 참여하세요.

기여자 되기
기여자 및 데이터 소스에 관하여 좀 더 자세히 알아보세요

날씨

자카르타의 현재 날씨는 어떤가요?

날씨 아이콘
날씨때때로 흐림
온도89.6°C
습도70%
바람2.3 mp/h
기압1011 mb
공해로 인한 비용 추정치입니다1,500 사망자*2021년 자카르타의더보기*2021년 자카르타의 공해로 인한 비용은 약 $380,000,000USD입니다.

실시간 aqi 도시 순위

실시간 인도네시아의 도시 랭킹

툴팁 아이콘
#city미국 AQI
1 메단, 수마트라우타라 주

171

2 반둥, 자와바랏 주

166

3 수라바야, 자와티무르 주

156

4 자카르타, 자카르타

117

5 Bangkinang, Riau

105

6 페칸바루, Riau

88

7 스마랑, Central Java

86

8 Balaipungut, Riau

82

9 Sedinginan, Riau

75

10 Dumai, Riau

74

(현지 시간)

전 세계 AQI 랭킹 보기

실시간 자카르타 aqi 순위

실시간 자카르타 공기질 순위

툴팁 아이콘
#station미국 AQI
1 TJ_Depo Pesing

180

2 Wisma Korindo

154

3 AHP - Capital Place

153

4 RespoKare Mask - Wisma 76

147

5 Transjakarta Depo Perintis

145

6 Wisma Barito Pacific

144

7 Kemayoran

141

8 Widya Chandra

140

9 Jalan Biduri Anggur

132

10 Transjakarta HQ Cawang

130

(현지 시간)

전 세계 AQI 랭킹 보기

자카르타 웹캠

2:07, 3월 5

자카르타에 공해가 있나요?

2:07, 3월 5에 자카르타 웹캠의 썸네일

미국 AQI

117

실시간 AQI 지수
민감한 사람에게 나쁨

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴

개요

자카르타의 현재 공기질은 어떤가요?

공해 수준공기질 지수주요 오염물질
민감한 사람에게 나쁨 117 미국 AQItrendPM2.5
오염물질농도
PM2.5
41.9 µg/m³trend

건강 관련 권장 사항

자카르타의 공해로부터 보호하는 방법은?

IQAir 마스크 아이콘 Sensitive groups should wear a mask outdoors
마스크 받기
IQAir 청정기 아이콘 공기 청정기를 가동하세요
공기 청정기 받기
열린 창 아이콘실외의 더러운 공기를 차단하도록 창문을 닫으세요
자전거 타는 사람 아이콘Everyone should reduce outdoor exercise

기상예보

자카르타 공기질 지수(AQI) 예보

오염 수준날씨온도바람
화요일, 3월 2

민감한 사람에게 나쁨 114 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
수요일, 3월 3

민감한 사람에게 나쁨 120 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
목요일, 3월 4

민감한 사람에게 나쁨 127 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
오늘

민감한 사람에게 나쁨 140 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘89.6°82.4°
4도로 회전하는 바람

8.9 mp/h

토요일, 3월 6

민감한 사람에게 나쁨 106 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘89.6°82.4°
331도로 회전하는 바람

8.9 mp/h

일요일, 3월 7

보통 90 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘89.6°80.6°
331도로 회전하는 바람

11.2 mp/h

월요일, 3월 8

보통 79 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘93.2°82.4°
267도로 회전하는 바람

11.2 mp/h

화요일, 3월 9

보통 81 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘91.4°80.6°
322도로 회전하는 바람

11.2 mp/h

수요일, 3월 10

보통 88 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘87.8°78.8°
306도로 회전하는 바람

6.7 mp/h

시간 단위 일기 예보에 관심이 있으신가요? 앱 받기

내역

자카르타의 공기질 내역 그래프

공해로부터 가장 좋은 보호 방법은?

자카르타에서 공해에 대한 노출을 줄이세요

자카르타의 공기질 분석 및 통계

What is the level of pollution in Jakarta?

Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia, with some 10.7 million inhabitants as of 2020. It is well known as the economic, political and cultural hub of the country, with its metropolitan area covering 6392km2. In regards to Jakarta's pollution problems, statistically speaking it comes in with a poor quality of air. In 2019, it came in with a PM2.5 yearly average of 49.4 µg/m³.

PM2.5 refers to microscopic particular matter of 2.5 or less micrometers in diameter, with a wide range of detrimental effects on human health and the environment, and as such it is one of the main pollutants used in calculating a city or countries overall air quality rating.

In regards to Jakarta's 2019 reading of 49.4 µg/m³, this number would put it into the ‘unhealthy for sensitive groups’ bracket, which requires a PM2.5 reading of anywhere between 35.5 to 55.4 µg/m³ to be classified as such. Just as the name suggests, a reading such as this would have direct negative health effects on certain demographics of the population, with young children, the elderly and those with poor levels of health or preexisting conditions being the most vulnerable. Despite these demographics being particularly at risk, an average PM2.5 reading this high would be detrimental to even those with good health, when exposed over a long period of time.

To reiterate on the poor levels of air quality in Jakarta, the 2019 reading put it into 126th place out of all the most polluted cities ranked in the world. This is a high ranking, and for some comparison, Bangkok came in at position number 737, with a PM2.5 reading of 22.8 µg/m³ taken over 2019. For a city to have a PM2.5 average that is more than double that of Bangkok's, which is somewhat already infamous for its levels of pollution, shows that there would be significant amounts of smoke, haze and other fine particulate matter permeating the atmosphere, with a large room for improvement.

Why are the levels of pollution so bad in Jakarta?

There are a number of contributing factors in regards to the high levels of pollution in Jakarta. During the year of 2019 a PM2.5 reading of 67.2 µg/m³ was recorded, putting that month’s air quality into the “unhealthy” bracket (55.5 to 150.4 µg/m³ to be classed as such). In order for readings as high as this to be coming in, sources such as vehicles, factory emissions and open burning of organic materials all play a large part.

With such a large population, the roads would be filled with high numbers of motorbikes, cars and trucks, many of which would fall outside the guidelines for what an environmentally safe vehicle should be, with many still running on diesel fuels, emitting far higher levels of pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) being the main compounds associated with vehicular usage, with nitrogen dioxide being found in highest concentrations over areas with large volumes of traffic. As well as the vehicle industry creating havoc to the quality of air, coal and other fossil fuel-based factories seem to be a pertinent issue as of late. In the year of 2020, with COVID-19 having brought large portions of the city (and world) to a standstill, one would expect the pollution levels to drop, but instead they have been rising consistently despite lesser instances of international and domestic tourism. This is blamed largely on the previously mentioned coal-based power plants and factories.

When coal and other fossil fuels are burnt in order to provide energy, large amounts of pollutants are released into the atmosphere, with ones such as carbon monoxide (CO), black carbon, ozone (O3) and volatile organic compounds (VOC’S) all making up a large percentage of the emissions. To add to the other main contributor of air pollution in Jakarta, as well as the rest of Indonesia, open burning of refuse, as well as organic material is of another large concern, with slash and burn farming practices causing vast amounts of smoke and haze to travel from the provinces and permeate the air over major cities, including ones outside of Indonesia such as Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia. To finish, the burning of coal fuels in factories seems to be of primary concern for citizens of Jakarta.

When does pollution in Jakarta rank at its worst?

Observing data taken over 2019, Jakarta experienced its worst spells of pollution from the months of April through to December, with particularly bad periods of pollution being recorded in May, June, July, September and October, all of which came in with unhealthy ratings of PM2.5 in the air, requiring the readings to come in anywhere over 55.5 µg/m³. The first three months of the year saw the cleanest air quality, although even these were still high (with January being the absolute lowest average at 24.2 µg/m³).

What are the health effects of breathing polluted air in Jakarta?

With higher levels of pollution often comes an increase in the number of health risks, as well as the number of cases occurring. Some symptom’s that may occur are incidences of chest infections, irritation to the eyes, skin, mouth and nose, as well increased susceptibility towards developing respiratory ailments such as emphysema, bronchitis and aggravated asthma.

Other conditions include damage to the heart and circulatory system, due to the pervasively small size of PM2.5. it can enter into the blood stream via the lung tissue, whereby it can cause damage to the blood vessels, and raising the chance of heart attacks as well as increasing the risk of heart diseases and other cardiac disturbances. For pregnant mothers who are exposed to high levels of pollution whilst carrying their baby, cases of premature birth, low birth rate, as well as miscarriage and birth defects are much higher when compared to cities with cleaner air quality. These are but a few of the ill health effects that one can suffer from when exposed to poor air quality over longer periods of time.

Is the level of air pollution in Jakarta improving?

When observing the data collected in Jakarta over the last few years, it becomes apparent that the levels of air quality have actually gotten worse instead of better. 2017 came in with a yearly average of 29.7 µg/m³, putting it into the ‘moderate’ bracket of air quality. On to 2018, a reading of 45.3 µg/m³ was taken, showing that levels of PM2.5 had nearly doubled over the course of the year. Onto 2019, the aforementioned average of 49.4 µg/m³ was taken, showing a further increase. Due to these rising levels, preventative measures such as the wearing of High-quality particle filtering masks, as well as avoiding outdoor activities and exercise when pollution levels are particularly high, would go a long way in reducing harm to individuals that live in the city of Jakarta.

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