수라바야의 공기질

수라바야의 공기질 지수(AQI)와 PM 2.5 공해도

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공기질 기여자 소스

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기여자

3

데이터 소스

2

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자신만의 모니터를 장착하여 공기질을 스스로 측정하고 관련 활동에 참여하세요.

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날씨

수라바야의 현재 날씨는 어떤가요?

날씨 아이콘
날씨때때로 흐림
온도75.2°C
습도94%
바람6.9 mp/h
기압1011 mb
공해로 인한 비용 추정치입니다450 사망자*2021년 수라바야의더보기*2021년 수라바야의 공해로 인한 비용은 약 $120,000,000USD입니다.

실시간 aqi 도시 순위

실시간 인도네시아의 도시 랭킹

툴팁 아이콘
#city미국 AQI
1 자카르타, 자카르타

124

2 South Tangerang, 반텐 주

122

3 스마랑, Central Java

118

4 Sedinginan, Riau

112

5 덴파사르, 발리 섬

110

6 Jimbaran, 발리 섬

99

7 Dumai, Riau

96

8 Duri, Riau

92

9 Balaipungut, Riau

85

10 수라바야, 자와티무르 주

85

(현지 시간)

전 세계 AQI 랭킹 보기

실시간 수라바야 aqi 순위

실시간 수라바야 공기질 순위

툴팁 아이콘
#station미국 AQI
1 RespoKare Mask - Kertajaya

90

2 SAQI - Benowo

80

3 KLHK-Surabaya

41

(현지 시간)

전 세계 AQI 랭킹 보기

미국 AQI

85

실시간 AQI 지수
보통

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴

개요

수라바야의 현재 공기질은 어떤가요?

공해 수준공기질 지수주요 오염물질
보통 85 미국 AQItrendPM2.5
오염물질농도
PM2.5
28.2 µg/m³trend

건강 관련 권장 사항

수라바야의 공해로부터 보호하는 방법은?

열린 창 아이콘실외의 더러운 공기를 차단하도록 창문을 닫으세요
자전거 타는 사람 아이콘민감한 그룹은 실외 운동을 줄여야 합니다

기상예보

수라바야 공기질 지수(AQI) 예보

오염 수준날씨온도바람
수요일, 3월 3

나쁨 151 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
목요일, 3월 4

민감한 사람에게 나쁨 128 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
금요일, 3월 5

민감한 사람에게 나쁨 109 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
오늘

보통 80 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘86°75.2°
293도로 회전하는 바람

4.5 mp/h

일요일, 3월 7

보통 75 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘87.8°77°
283도로 회전하는 바람

4.5 mp/h

월요일, 3월 8

보통 81 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘87.8°75.2°
304도로 회전하는 바람

6.7 mp/h

화요일, 3월 9

보통 87 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘86°75.2°
277도로 회전하는 바람

2.2 mp/h

수요일, 3월 10

보통 61 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘82.4°75.2°
324도로 회전하는 바람

6.7 mp/h

목요일, 3월 11

보통 84 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘80.6°73.4°
280도로 회전하는 바람

4.5 mp/h

금요일, 3월 12

보통 85 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘87.8°75.2°
226도로 회전하는 바람

2.2 mp/h

시간 단위 일기 예보에 관심이 있으신가요? 앱 받기

내역

수라바야의 공기질 내역 그래프

공해로부터 가장 좋은 보호 방법은?

수라바야에서 공해에 대한 노출을 줄이세요

수라바야의 공기질 분석 및 통계

How bad are the pollution levels in Surabaya?

Surabaya is the capital city of the Indonesian province of east Java, being one of the four main cities of the country, with the others being Jakarta, Medan and Makassar. Surabaya has some 2.89 million inhabitants within its city limits, making it quite densely populated. In regards to its levels of pollution, Surabaya has consistently elevated levels of pollution, and whilst it is not as bad as some of the other cities located in Indonesia, the health effects of breathing the air here would be quite negative on those subject to it on a year-round basis.

In 2019, it came in with a PM2.5 average of 40.6 µg/m³, giving it a rating of being “unhealthy for sensitive groups”. Such a rating requires a PM2.5 reading of anywhere between 35.5 to 55.4 µg/m³ to be classified as such, which would mean that sensitive demographics of the population such as young children, the elderly and sick, or immunocompromised, would be at significant risk for adverse health effects. PM2.5 levels this high would also have detrimental effects on the healthy and able-bodied portion of the population as well, with a high number of health effects that will be explained in further detail.

PM2.5 refers to fine particulate matter of 2.5 micrometers or less in diameter, making approximately 3% of the size of an average human hair. It is one of the main atmospheric pollutants and as such is often used in calculating the overall air quality, as a high number of fine particulate matter in the air means that there will be many negative health effects associated with breathing these fine particles.

With a PM2.5 average of 40.6 µg/m³, this number was enough to put it in 7th place out of the most polluted cities in Indonesia, as well as ranking in at 226th place worldwide, showing that the quality of air in Surabaya is quite bad, with high pollution levels and large amounts of smoke, haze and other particulate matter permeating the atmosphere.

When is it the air pollution at its worst in Surabaya?

Once again referring to the 2019 data charts (which of note, have some months missing from them in the earlier part of the year due to lack of readings available), it appears that air pollution was at its highest in the months of June, July and December, all with their own PM2.5 readings of 46.9 µg/m³, 49.3 µg/m³ and 47.8 µg/m³. These readings put the months into the higher side of the rating bracket (unhealthy for sensitive groups), meaning that the air would have a whole host of negative side effects.

Other months of note are October and November, and whilst they were not quite as high as the months mentioned above, they still had readings that put them into the unhealthy for sensitive groups bracket. The rest of the year found their months sitting in the ‘moderate’ pollution bracket (12.1 to 35.4 µg/m³), and when compared to other cities in Indonesia, shows similar trends in terms of pollution spikes. The capital city of Jakarta also found its worst months in June and July, with readings 58.3 µg/m³ and 67.2 µg/m³ respectively. Whilst there are large amounts of differences in the other months, these similarities go to show that the Javanese portion of Indonesia, and indeed Surabaya itself, will be suffering from its worst air pollution in the middle portion of the year (with the island of Sumatra being an exception due to the forest and farmland fires that occur in September, giving radically elevated numbers towards the end of the year).

What causes air pollution in Surabaya?

Whilst being conveniently located far away from the Sumatran portion of Indonesia excludes Surabaya from experiencing the catastrophic spikes in pollution that occur there (that also affect Malaysia and Singapore via strong winds blowing the huge clouds of smog and haze directly over to them), there are still many local sources that cause the higher readings of PM2.5 that makes the air so unhealthy to breathe. Pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO­2) would be readily available in the atmosphere, along with other chemical compounds and fine particulate matter such as carbon monoxide (CO), furans, dioxins as well as black carbon and volatile organic compounds (VOC’s).

All of these can be formed via the burning of fossil fuels, as well as the burning of organic matter such as wood, plants and even refuse and waste (which contain plastics as well, further compounding the issue). Black carbon is the primary component in soot and can often be found coating areas that see high volumes of traffic, such as underpasses and the sides of motorways. Besides being visually unappealing, it has a whole host of negative health effects when respired, as well as having significant effects on the environment.

These are the main sources and causes of pollution in Surabaya, coming from the high number of cars, motorbikes, trucks and lorries populating the roads, as well as open burning practices, the use of coal and other fossil fuels in factories and other industrial related production plants. These all combine to form the high levels of pollution that are seen not only in Surabaya but also country wide.

What are the health effects of breathing the air in Surabaya?

Whilst the range of symptoms would be extremely high in number, the ones of most importance would be instances of lung cancer, respiratory infections as well as irritation to the nose, eyes ears and mouth. Reduced lung function is commonplace, and young children can suffer from a host of allergies, growth issues as well as cognitive defects from over exposure.

Unborn babies that are exposed whilst in the womb can be end up being born prematurely, with low birth weight, or in the worst instances the mother could have a miscarriage. Heart attacks, arrhythmias and damage to the blood vessels and heart itself are also very possible, with respiratory, pulmonary and cardiac illnesses all being the most prevalent.

How could air pollution be reduced in Surabaya?

Actions that would have a direct impact on pollution levels in Surabaya would be the removal of as many diesel-based vehicles off of the road as possible, with a switch to cleaner fuel alternatives. The same would go for the numerous factories that are dotted around the city, many of which run of fossil fuels, putting out much higher volumes of pollution than is necessary. Whilst elements like this may seem a long way off, they would have rapid effects if the correct initiatives and enforcements were to be put into place.

수라바야의 공기질 데이터 소스

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