멜버른의 공기질

멜버른의 공기질 지수(AQI)와 PM 2.5 공해도

최종 업데이트 (현지 시간)

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공기질 기여자 소스

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기여자

2

데이터 소스

4

자신만의 센서를 장착하여 공기질을 스스로 측정하고 관련 활동에 참여하세요.

기여자 되기
기여자 및 데이터 소스에 관하여 좀 더 자세히 알아보세요

날씨

멜버른의 현재 날씨는 어떤가요?

날씨맑은 하늘
온도57.2°C
습도82%
바람0.9 mp/h
기압1013 mb

실시간 aqi 도시 순위

실시간 호주의 도시 랭킹

#city미국 AQI
1 Springwood, Queensland

108

2 Singleton, 뉴 사우스 웨일즈

106

3 Kembla Grange, 뉴 사우스 웨일즈

99

4 올버니, Western Australia

66

5 제럴턴, Western Australia

66

6 Collie, Western Australia

56

7 Swan, Western Australia

54

8 Cockburn, Western Australia

49

9 Busselton, Western Australia

48

10 Quinns Rocks, Western Australia

44

(현지 시간)

전 세계 AQI 랭킹 보기

실시간 멜버른 aqi 순위

실시간 멜버른 공기질 순위

#station미국 AQI
1 Macleod

24

2 Mooroolbark

22

3 Brooklyn

21

4 Dandenong

21

5 Point Cook

20

6 Barngeong Reserve

17

7 Wheatley Road

15

8 Alphington

14

9 Gadd Street

13

10 Brighton

10

(현지 시간)

전 세계 AQI 랭킹 보기

멜버른 웹캠

3:08, 11월 24

멜버른에 공해가 있나요?

미국 AQI

11

실시간 AQI 지수
좋음

개요

멜버른의 현재 공기질은 어떤가요?

공해 수준공기질 지수주요 오염물질
좋음11 미국 AQIPM2.5
오염물질농도
PM2.5
2.6 µg/m³

건강 관련 권장 사항

멜버른의 공해로부터 보호하는 방법은?

Open your windows to bring clean, fresh air indoors
Enjoy outdoor activities

기상예보

멜버른 공기질 지수(AQI) 예보

오염 수준날씨온도바람
토요일, 11월 21

보통 53 미국 AQI

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일요일, 11월 22

좋음 27 미국 AQI

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월요일, 11월 23

좋음 19 미국 AQI

face icon
화요일, 11월 24

좋음 12 미국 AQI

face icon
오늘

좋음 41 미국 AQI

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weather icon80.6°57.2°

4.5 mp/h

목요일, 11월 26

좋음 23 미국 AQI

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weather icon64.4°55.4°

11.2 mp/h

금요일, 11월 27

좋음 27 미국 AQI

face icon
weather icon82.4°51.8°

4.5 mp/h

토요일, 11월 28

좋음 28 미국 AQI

face icon
weather icon93.2°60.8°

8.9 mp/h

일요일, 11월 29

좋음 23 미국 AQI

face icon
weather icon64.4°55.4°

8.9 mp/h

월요일, 11월 30

좋음 25 미국 AQI

face icon
weather icon78.8°55.4°

0 mp/h

시간 단위 일기 예보에 관심이 있으신가요? 앱 받기

내역

멜버른의 공기질 내역 그래프

공해로부터 가장 좋은 보호 방법은?

멜버른에서 공해에 대한 노출을 줄이세요

멜버른의 공기질 분석 및 통계

How bad is Melbourne air quality?

Similarly to much of Australia, Melbourne generally experiences relatively healthy air in global comparison to other major cities. However, like many other Australian regions, the capital of Victoria state is also subject to occasional extreme air pollution events, which can pose significant health risks to its almost 5 million residents. Such extreme events notably include bushfires, which typically occur on an annual basis around various parts of Australia. While Melbourne’s annual average concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) was a relatively low 6.5 μg/m3 during 2019, meeting both the Australian and World Health Organisation annual targets (8 μg/m3 and 10 μg/m3 respectively), the devastating Australian bushfires of 2019-2020 led the city to experience extremely high levels of air pollution, creating an extraordinary contrast.1 Melbourne air pollution briefly registered as the highest in the world, with “Hazardous” levels of PM2.5 peaking at 470 μg/m3 during 14 January 2020.2 During that same day, Melbourne’s PM2.5 levels recorded a 24 hour average level of 234 μg/m3, which exceeds both the World Health Organisation (WHO) and Australian government’s shared 24-hour exposure limit of 25 μg/m3, by almost 10 times.1


Aside from short-term pollution events, Melbourne air quality also experiences relatively low, but persistent levels of a range of pollutants year-round. Common outdoor air pollutants in the Victoria region include carbon monoxide (CO), sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), ozone (O3), and particulate matter measuring a diameter of less than 2.5 or 10 microns (abbreviated to PM2.5 and PM10, respectively).3 Among these, PM2.5 and ozone are the main pollutants of concern for their impact on human health. This is due to PM2.5’s continuous presence in the air (even at relatively low levels), and the numerous sources that it can be emitted from.3 For ozone, this is due to concerns that the pollutant could increase over time with growing populations and rising temperatures.3


Real-time updates on Melbourne air pollution area shown at the top of this page, together with a 7-day air quality forecast. The dynamic air quality map also indicates live wildfire updates along with air quality information.

What are the health impacts of air pollution in Melbourne?

The health impacts of exposure to PM2.5 include increasing people’s risk of developing cardiovascular disease, respiratory infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer, while short-term effects can also include aggravation of asthma, and eye, nose and throat irritation.4 Meanwhile, exposure to ozone increases risk of asthma-related morbidity and mortality.4 Victoria’s Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning (DELWP) has estimated that the health impacts resulting from exposure to Victoria air pollution across Melbourne’s state, cost the state an enormous $420 to $600 million (AUD, equivalent to $300 to $427 million USD) from pollution generated by the electricity sector in one year alone. Health impacts from transport-related air pollution were estimated to cost an even larger $660 million to $1.5 billion (AUD), based on 2005 data (equivalent to $470 million to $1.07 billion USD).3


Australia air quality is subject to some of the strictest standards in the world, which Melbourne air pollution is also governed by. The country targets an annual average PM2.5 limit of 8 μg/m3, which is lower than both the World Health Organisation’s standard (10 μg/m3), American standard (12 μg/m3) and European standard (25 μg/m3). This reflects how on the whole, Australian pollution levels are relatively low by global standards. However, the WHO emphasises that there is no “safe” level of PM2.5 exposure below which no health impacts can be observed.4

What are the main sources of air pollution in Melbourne?

In Melbourne’s state of Victoria, the main sources of air pollution are motor vehicles, power generation, and smoke from wood heaters, planned burning and bushfires.3 Future trends such as anticipated climate change and population growth are expected to increase emissions of pollutants from domestic and business activities (such as heating), and temperature-related activities. Melbourne and Geelong’s population is expected to grow by 45% between 2006 and 2030, while greater Melbourne’s population is predicted to reach 8 million by 2051. This growth will stimulate a larger share of demand for energy-related activities such as heating, and associated emissions. Regarding climate change, particulate matter is forecast to increase in future as a warmer and drier climate drives more bushfires and dust storms, while rising temperatures can also drive higher levels of ozone, which is formulated in sunlight and tends to be more prevalent during summer months.5 Conversely, improvements in vehicle exhaust emission technologies and increasing uptake of electric vehicles (EVs) is predicted to result in decreasing levels of transport-related pollutants, such as volatile organic compounds and nitrogen dioxide in future.5

Has the air quality improved in Melbourne?

While Melbourne’s winter months generally show improved air quality compared to the bushfire-prone summer months each year, on the whole, levels of fine particulate matter in Melbourne have shown a slight trend of increasing during the past 3 years. In 2019, Melbourne’s annual average concentration of PM2.5 was 6.5 μg/m3, slightly above 2018’s annual average (5.8 μg/m3) and 2017’s annual average (5.4 μg/m3).1 This may reflect the trend outlined above, that population growth, climate change and increasing temperatures may increase levels of particulate matter over time. A similar increasing trend was also observed in Sydney air quality (2019, 10.1 μg/m3; 2018, 7.6 μg/m3; 2017, 7.1 μg/m3), and Newcastle air pollution (2019, 12.5 μg/m3; 2018, 7.9 μg/m3; 2017, 7.4 μg/m3).1 However, in the short-term, experts suggest that since the extensive bushfires of 2019-2020 burned up so much “fuel” (in the form of trees, forest and dead plant material), the affected areas such as Melbourne may not experience bushfires to the same extent during the subsequent 3 to 5 years, while these resources are recovering.6

What is being done about air pollution in Melbourne?

The Victoria Environment Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for managing air pollution within the Victoria state, with the aim of achieving Australia’s broader national air quality objectives and standards. The Australian air quality standards are known as the National Environment Protection (Ambient Air Quality) Measures (NEPM). The Victoria EPA runs a network of air quality monitors, and prior to November 2019, it followed the Australian Air Quality Index system to communicate levels of health hazard to the public.7


While the nationwide AQI system would calculate a Melbourne Air Quality Index as a percentage of the NEPM standards, whereby an AQI of ‘100’ represents the maximum allowable amount of a specified pollutant, and AQI numbers above 100 represent an exceedance; the Victoria EPA now uses a different system. Rather than a Melbourne AQI number, the Victoria EPA instead communicates health hazard using ‘air quality categories’, where 0-50 indicates ‘Good’, and 300 and above indicates ‘Hazardous’ air quality.


Victoria’s EPA also implements a range of initiatives aimed at reducing air pollution emissions from transport. These include the Australia-wide Environment Protection (Vehicle Emissions) Regulations of 2013, which impose regulation on both air and noise emissions from vehicles; enforcing the Australian Design Rules (ADRs), a set of national rules that require domestically manufactured or imported vehicles to meet requirements, including exhaust emission standards; and also implementing the national fuel quality standards, in addition to the National Environment Protection Measures (NEPM) which aim to reduce diesel emissions.8

Is Melbourne Australia affected by the fires?

During the 2019-2020 bushfires across Australia, colloquially referred to as the “black summer”, Melbourne’s state Victoria was the second-worst hit state in Australia, following its neighbour New South Wales.9 Although Australia has long had a fire season, with bushfires happening annually as a result of natural lightning strikes, or through human action such as accidental sparks or planned burning, the fires of the black summer were particularly bad due to record-breaking temperatures and months of drought.8 During the black summer, 1.2 million hectares of land were burned across Victoria, and the fires resulted in high levels of smoke pollution in Melbourne, posing a hazard to human health.2,8


+ Article resources

[1] IQAir. “2019 World Air Quality Report”. IQAir website, March 18, 2020.
[2] Matt Woodley. “’Hazardous’ Melbourne air considered worst in the world”. RACGP, January 14, 2020.
[3] Victoria Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning (DELWP). “Estimating the health costs of air pollution in Victoria”. Victoria government website, 2018.
[4] World Health Organisation. “Ambient (outdoor) air pollution”. WHO website, May 2, 2020.
[5] Victoria DELWP. “Clean Air Fact Shee: Air pollution sources, impacts and trends.” Victoria government DELWP website, 2018.
[6] Kevin Tolhurst. “It’s 12 months since the last bushfire season began, but don’t expect the same this year”. The Conversation, June 10, 2020.
[7] Victoria EPA. “How we calculate air quality categories”. Victoria EPA website, n.d.
[8] EPA Victoria. “How we improve vehicle emissions”. EPA Victoria website, June 12, 2020.
[9] BBC. “Australia fires: A visual guide to the bushfire crisis”. BBC website, January 31, 2020.