하노이의 공기질

하노이의 공기질 지수(AQI)와 PM 2.5 공해도

최종 업데이트 (현지 시간)

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AQI 컬러풀한 핀으로 된 IQAir 지도

공기질 기여자 소스

데이터 제공자

기여자

5

데이터 소스

5

EQuest Education Group의 프로필 로고Hanoi Environmental Monitoring Portal의 프로필 로고Department of Environment의 프로필 로고U.S. Department of State의 프로필 로고3 익명의 공헌자의 프로필 로고IQAir의 프로필 로고

자신만의 모니터를 장착하여 공기질을 스스로 측정하고 관련 활동에 참여하세요.

기여자 되기
기여자 및 데이터 소스에 관하여 좀 더 자세히 알아보세요

날씨

하노이의 현재 날씨는 어떤가요?

날씨 아이콘
날씨흩어진 구름
온도64.4°C
습도77%
바람2.3 mp/h
기압1018 mb

실시간 aqi 도시 순위

실시간 베트남의 도시 랭킹

#city미국 AQI
1 하노이, 하노이

162

2 Bac Ninh, Tinh Bac Ninh

154

3 Pho Moi, Tinh Bac Ninh

147

4 Gia Binh, Tinh Bac Ninh

138

5 Thua, Tinh Bac Ninh

138

6 Cho, Tinh Bac Ninh

130

7 Hoan Kiem, 하노이

124

8 Ho, Tinh Bac Ninh

121

9 Phuc Yen, Tinh Vinh Phuc

114

10 Luong Son, Tinh Hoa Binh

108

(현지 시간)

전 세계 AQI 랭킹 보기

실시간 하노이 aqi 순위

실시간 하노이 공기질 순위

#station미국 AQI
1 To Ngoc Van

168

2 P. Gia Thuong

162

3 US Embassy in Hanoi

162

4 He thong giao duc Alpha

160

5 GreenID

153

6 Phạm Văn Đồng

113

7 Hà Nội: Trụ sở Công an P .Hàng Mã (KK)

112

8 Thành Công

108

9 Hà Nội: Trụ sở Công an quận Hoàn Kiếm (KK)

100

10 Hà Nội: Tòa nhà quản lý Hồ Thành Công (KK)

100

(현지 시간)

전 세계 AQI 랭킹 보기

미국 AQI

162

실시간 AQI 지수
나쁨

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴

개요

하노이의 현재 공기질은 어떤가요?

공해 수준공기질 지수주요 오염물질
나쁨 162 미국 AQItrendPM2.5
오염물질농도
PM2.5
76 µg/m³trend

건강 관련 권장 사항

하노이의 공해로부터 보호하는 방법은?

IQAir 마스크 아이콘 실외에서는 마스크를 착용하세요
마스크 받기
IQAir 청정기 아이콘 공기 청정기를 가동하세요
공기 청정기 받기
열린 창 아이콘실외의 더러운 공기를 차단하도록 창문을 닫으세요
자전거 타는 사람 아이콘실외 운동을 삼가하세요

기상예보

하노이 공기질 지수(AQI) 예보

오염 수준날씨온도바람
토요일, 2월 27

민감한 사람에게 나쁨 145 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
일요일, 2월 28

나쁨 152 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
월요일, 3월 1

민감한 사람에게 나쁨 146 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
화요일, 3월 2

민감한 사람에게 나쁨 105 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
오늘

나쁨 173 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘69.8°64.4°
72도로 회전하는 바람

2.2 mp/h

목요일, 3월 4

나쁨 175 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘77°64.4°
141도로 회전하는 바람

6.7 mp/h

금요일, 3월 5

민감한 사람에게 나쁨 147 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘80.6°71.6°
158도로 회전하는 바람

11.2 mp/h

토요일, 3월 6

민감한 사람에게 나쁨 147 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘82.4°73.4°
134도로 회전하는 바람

6.7 mp/h

일요일, 3월 7

나쁨 158 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘75.2°69.8°
53도로 회전하는 바람

4.5 mp/h

월요일, 3월 8

민감한 사람에게 나쁨 149 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘78.8°68°
153도로 회전하는 바람

6.7 mp/h

시간 단위 일기 예보에 관심이 있으신가요? 앱 받기

내역

하노이의 공기질 내역 그래프

공해로부터 가장 좋은 보호 방법은?

하노이에서 공해에 대한 노출을 줄이세요

하노이의 공기질 분석 및 통계

Is the air quality in Hanoi very poor?

In 2019 The Air Pollution Index rose to an unprecedented level of 385. IQAir AirVisual receives data from 10 monitoring stations which are operated by the local authorities and 4 others operated by non-profit organisations.

The US AQI is a standard measurement system used widely to determine the level of airborne pollutants. The figures range from zero to five hundred where the lower the figure, the cleaner the air is. People who are more susceptible to breathing difficulties should avoid long periods of exposure when the number is higher than 150. These include children, the elderly, pregnant women and those suffering from asthma.

The main cause of this poor air quality is blamed on the extremely high number of cars and motorbikes which pour into the city centre on a daily basis. Hanoi had eight days in 2019 with a PM2.5 reading lower than the national standard of 50 µg/m3 (micrograms per cubic meter). Also to blame is the burning of rice fields after the crops have been harvested. These fine particles are particularly bad as they penetrate deep into the lungs and cause health problems due to the restrictions they cause.

Is Hanoi’s air quality poor all of the time?

Hanoi often receives the accolade of being the most polluted city in the country and often in the region. On hot, humid days fog is formed and hangs over the city. Because of this, the circulation of air is restricted which, in turn, prevents the diffusion of the pollutants. Due to this phenomena, the particulates cannot escape and are trapped at ground level which causes the poor air quality.

Hanoi ranked as the second most polluted city in Southeast Asia in 2019 by IQAir AirVisual with recorded PM2.5 figures of 40.8 µg/m3 which was an improvement on the 2017 figure of 45.8 µg/m3. Both these figures are above the recommended average levels of 10 micrograms as suggested by the WHO (World Health Organisation).

PM is the abbreviation used to describe Particle Matter and it refers to a mixture of both liquid droplets and solid particles found in the air. The more specific figure of PM 2.5 refers to ultra-fine particles which are a fraction of the width of a human hair. These particles are released through the burning of fossil fuels by industry and vehicles, but also from natural sources, such as dust and fine grains of sand.

What is the main cause of pollution in Hanoi?

500 tons of charcoal and 700 tons of waste are estimated to be burnt on a daily basis in and around Hanoi. The result of burning these materials causes carbon dioxide, and other toxic gases such as sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide. Grass and stubble leftover from the harvest are burnt in order to prepare the ground for the next crop. Hundreds and thousands of hectares of land surrounding Hanoi are incinerated. It is estimated that over 300,000 tons of straw are burnt annually. Also contributing to this is a temperature inversion. This is when heat disperses from the ground into the atmosphere causing the creation of fog at relatively low levels. The fog traps the polluted air and prevents it escaping.

Within the city limits, there are thousands of households who use charcoal as their main source of energy to use in their stoves. City restaurants also offer barbeque cooked food. Together these factors combine to give Hanoi the reputation of being a heavily polluted city.

An official survey of 180,000 households showed that in the Red River Delta, 58 per cent burned their old straw. This region alone produces 1.2 – 4.7 million tons of CO2 and 28,000- 113,000 tons of CO. An average paddy field produces 1 ton of waste material and Vietnam annually produces almost 50 million tons of such waste.

The honeycomb charcoal stove which is favoured by so many households is popular because it is so cheap to use. On average the charcoal costs just 50 cents per day, whereas the same use of electricity would cost over ten times that amount - $5.60. The initial cost of the equipment has also got to be taken into account. An electric stove will be far more expensive than the clay or metal container used to hold the honeycomb charcoal. The CO2 emitted by this charcoal is equivalent to 1,870 tons, annually.

Construction sites produce a huge amount of dust from the demolition of the existing building and this continues whilst building the new project with cement and brick dust being ever-present. It is thought that new laws will be introduced to make the contractors talk more responsibility for the state of their site and the ensuing pollution it causes.

How deadly is air pollution In Hanoi?

In 2016 over 60,000 people died from lung cancer, heart disease, strokes and other related diseases all caused by breathing poor quality air. This equates to 165 daily deaths due to air pollution. The air quality on average is well below the World Health Organisation’s benchmark and, as such could reduce life expectancy by one year. Hospitals often report a marked increase in patients with breathing difficulties at times when the air quality is noticeably poor.

How do people cope with this situation?

Most people choose to wear a face-mask when spending time outdoors. They vary in price and quality but needless to say, better quality ones cost a little more. You can check out the IQAir KN95 masks available on our online store. Should you feel particularly vulnerable you may want to consider buying an air purifier for your home. This is especially vital if you have pre-existing respiratory problems. Other than that, you may find it necessary to remain indoors and close all the windows. This is not an ideal solution, but it will help keep some of the dirty air out. Another option is to get away for a few days from the polluted city. Try and head for the coast where the air is almost certainly cleaner because of its proximity to the ocean and the refreshing breezes.

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