뮌헨의 공기질

뮌헨의 공기질 지수(AQI)와 PM 2.5 공해도

최종 업데이트 (현지 시간)

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기여자

2

데이터 소스

2

자신만의 센서를 장착하여 공기질을 스스로 측정하고 관련 활동에 참여하세요.

기여자 되기
기여자 및 데이터 소스에 관하여 좀 더 자세히 알아보세요

날씨

뮌헨의 현재 날씨는 어떤가요?

날씨흩어진 구름
온도41°C
습도85%
바람1.3 mp/h
기압973 mb

실시간 aqi 도시 순위

실시간 독일의 도시 랭킹

#city미국 AQI
1 보름스, 라인란트팔츠 주

105

2 Kehl, 바덴뷔르템베르크 주

97

3 비스바덴, 헤센 주

89

4 마인츠, 라인란트팔츠 주

88

5 Neu Isenburg, 헤센 주

88

6 Raunheim, 헤센 주

88

7 Giessen, 헤센 주

87

8 Eppelheim, 바덴뷔르템베르크 주

86

9 프리드리히스하펜, 바덴뷔르템베르크 주

84

10 피르마젠스, 라인란트팔츠 주

84

(현지 시간)

전 세계 AQI 랭킹 보기

실시간 뮌헨 aqi 순위

실시간 뮌헨 공기질 순위

#station미국 AQI
1 München/Landshuter Allee

55

2 München/Stachus

53

3 München/Johanneskirchen

45

4 München/Lothstraße

41

5 Allach

12

(현지 시간)

전 세계 AQI 랭킹 보기

뮌헨 웹캠

4:17, 11월 23

뮌헨에 공해가 있나요?

미국 AQI

50

실시간 AQI 지수
좋음

개요

뮌헨의 현재 공기질은 어떤가요?

공해 수준공기질 지수주요 오염물질
좋음50 미국 AQIPM2.5
오염물질농도
PM2.5
12 µg/m³
pm10
17.5 µg/m³
o3
25.5 µg/m³
no2
39 µg/m³

건강 관련 권장 사항

뮌헨의 공해로부터 보호하는 방법은?

Open your windows to bring clean, fresh air indoors
Enjoy outdoor activities

기상예보

뮌헨 공기질 지수(AQI) 예보

오염 수준날씨온도바람
금요일, 11월 20

좋음38 미국 AQI

토요일, 11월 21

좋음45 미국 AQI

일요일, 11월 22

좋음47 미국 AQI

오늘

보통54 미국 AQI

화요일, 11월 24

보통57 미국 AQI

face icon
weather icon42.8°32°

4.5 mp/h

수요일, 11월 25

보통69 미국 AQI

face icon
weather icon46.4°32°

0 mp/h

목요일, 11월 26

보통80 미국 AQI

face icon
weather icon44.6°32°

0 mp/h

금요일, 11월 27

보통61 미국 AQI

face icon
weather icon42.8°32°

0 mp/h

토요일, 11월 28

보통54 미국 AQI

face icon
weather icon41°32°

11.2 mp/h

일요일, 11월 29

보통79 미국 AQI

face icon
weather icon35.6°30.2°

4.5 mp/h

시간 단위 일기 예보에 관심이 있으신가요? 앱 받기

내역

뮌헨의 공기질 내역 그래프

공해로부터 가장 좋은 보호 방법은?

뮌헨에서 공해에 대한 노출을 줄이세요

뮌헨의 공기질 분석 및 통계

How is the air quality in Munich?

According to the city rankings, the air in Munich in 2019 could be described as "good" overall. However, with an average fine dust value PM2.5 of 10.6 µg/m3, air pollution in Munich was around 6% above the World Health Organisation (WHO) guideline value of 10 µg/m3 for fine dust. In the two previous years, air quality values were only "moderate", with 13.6 µg/m3 in 2018 and 13.8 µg/m3 in 2017. February was the month when air quality in Munich was worst in 2019, with 14.3 µg/m3.1 This means that in 2019, Munich can report an improvement in air quality of over 20% compared to the two previous years.


The real-time map of air pollution in Munich can be viewed at the top of this page along with the air quality forecast for Munich.

How has air quality in Munich evolved?

The air quality in Munich has improved a little over the years. The PM2.5 value has decreased since monitoring began in 2010. This long-term development can be observed at five air quality measuring stations in Munich. The strongest decrease can be observed at the station Landshuter Allee, a very busy location. Since the beginning of the measurements, the PM2.5 concentration here has decreased by 8.7 µg/m3. Another four stations have also recorded a decrease in fine dust concentration: Muggenhof by 4.6 µg/m3, Stachus by 3.8 µg/m3 and Lothstraße by 3.4 µg/m3. Solely at the measuring location Johanneskirchen the fine dust concentration could drop only 0.7 µg/m3 within a period of 7 years.2


An improvement in nitrogen dioxide (NO2) levels can also be observed over the years. The measuring station that has recorded the greatest change over the years is Stachus in the Sonnenstraße, with a NO2 decrease of 32 µg/m3 over the last ten years. The Landshuter Allee station also showed a strong decrease in NO2 values, with a reduction of 25 µg/m3. It should be noted, however, that these are the two stations in Munich with the highest initial values. The NO2 values decreased by 5.2 µg/m3 at Lothstraße and by 5.4 µg/m3 at Johanneskirchen.3


The proportion of carbon monoxide (CO) did not change much during the ten-year test period, as the CO concentration in Munich air was already at a very low level. Nevertheless, compared to the rest of Bavaria, apart from Augsburg, Munich had the strongest decrease in CO values. This was measured at the Stachus station with a reduction of 0.22 mg/m3. The CO value at Landshuter Allee has improved by 0.17 mg/m3 over the last ten years.4

What pollutes the air in Munich?

Most of the air pollution with fine dust (PM10 and PM2.5) and nitrogen oxides in Munich is due to road traffic. At 52%, traffic is the main polluter of PM2.5 in the air. Industry, which is normally always in second place, contributes only 3% of the fine dust emissions in the state capital Munich. A large percentage of PM2.5 is emitted into the air by small-scale combustion in private households, i.e. by heating a stove or fireplace. However, since 2012, the city of Munich has always been able to comply with the particulate matter limits prescribed by the European Community (EU).5 In addition to particulate matter, the air is filled with various other pollutants that are released by the various emission sources. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) has an annual mean value limit of 40 µg/m3 and an hourly mean value limit of 200 µg/m3. Munich has also been able to comply with these values for the hourly mean value since 2016. However, the annual mean value was not met in 2017 and 2018.6

What use is the environmental zone within the middle ring in Munich?

The environmental zone was introduced in many German cities to protect air quality. Munich introduced the environmental zone on October 1, 2008. To be allowed to drive in the low emission zone, the vehicle must have an environmental badge. Over the years, the rules have been tightened to determine which sticker is required to enter the zone. Since 2012 only vehicles with a green sticker can enter the low emission zone. Excluded from this are for example ambulances, vehicles of doctors and diplomats and vehicles with special permits. A vehicle without an environmental sticker can be fined 80 euros in the low emission zone.7

What contribution does Munich make towards improving air quality?

In order to reduce air pollution in Munich, a support program was developed.8 This consists of measures to reduce traffic and promote more environmentally friendly means of transport. In addition, the city wants to support local public transport in the long term by expanding the subway and streetcar lines. In order to support the bicycle traffic, the bicycle path network will be expanded. The electric mobility will be strengthened not only by the expansion of the electric vehicles, but also by the electrification of the bus and cab fleet. The infrastructure for charging public transport as well as passenger cars will play an important role here. Traffic management, mobility sharing and pooling, parking space management and urban logistics are to play a decisive role in the coming years in reducing mileage-related emissions through this plan. Another important field of action is the proper marketing of these actions in order to motivate the population to change their current mode of transport.9


+ Article Resources

[1]Landeshauptstadt München. (o. J.). Luftqualität. muenchen.de.
[2]Feinstaub PM2,5. (2020). Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt.
[3]Stickstoffdioxid (NO2). (2020). Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt.
[4]Kohlenmonoxid (CO). (2020). Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt.
[5]Landeshauptstadt München. (o. J.). Feinstaub. muenchen.de.
[6]Dicke Luft – Reinheitsgebot für Münchner Luft. (o. J.). Reinheitsgebot für Münchner Luft.
[7]Landeshauptstadt München. (o. J.). Umweltzone: Worum geht es? muenchen.de.
[8]Landeshauptstadt München. (o. J.). Das Integrierte Handlungsprogramm zur Förderung der Elektromobilität in München (IHFEM 2015). muenchen.de.
[9]Landeshauptstadt München. (o. J.). Masterplan zur Luftreinhaltung. muenchen.de.

뮌헨에서 공기질이 가장 깨끗한 곳은 어디인가요?