Air quality in Seattle

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Seattle

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Weather

What is the current weather in Seattle?

WeatherClear sky
Temperature68°C
Humidity64%
Wind1.6 mp/h
Pressure1022 mb

live aqi city ranking

Real-time USA city ranking

#cityUS AQI
1Susanville

486

2Orleans

362

3Happy Camp

324

4Wheatland

301

5Springville

279

6Rancho Cordova

259

7Napa

256

8Gold River

249

9Florin

244

10Williams

242

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

live Seattle aqi ranking

Real-time Seattle air quality ranking

#stationUS AQI
1Duwamish

79

2Capitol Hill

73

3Warren Avenue North

73

4Koi Apartments

72

5Seattle-Duwamish

68

6Seattle-South Park

66

7Nickerson Marina - Houseboat Dock

64

8Whitman Avenue North

64

9West Woodland

63

1023rd Avenue Northwest

54

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

Seattle webcam

9:09, Sep 30

Is there air pollution in Seattle?

US AQI

63

live AQI index
Moderate

Overview

What is the current air quality in Seattle?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Moderate63 US AQItrendPM2.5
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
17.9 µg/m³trend

Health Recommendations

How to protect from air pollution in Seattle?

Close your windows to avoid dirty outdoor air
Sensitive groups should reduce outdoor exercise

Forecast

Seattle air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Saturday, Sep 26

Good20 US AQI

Sunday, Sep 27

Good15 US AQI

Monday, Sep 28

Good18 US AQI

Tuesday, Sep 29

Good38 US AQI

Today

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups101 US AQI

face icon
weather icon75.2°57.2°

2.2 mp/h

Thursday, Oct 1

Moderate92 US AQI

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weather icon78.8°55.4°

0 mp/h

Friday, Oct 2

Moderate74 US AQI

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weather icon75.2°57.2°

0 mp/h

Saturday, Oct 3

Good48 US AQI

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weather icon64.4°53.6°

4.5 mp/h

Sunday, Oct 4

Good29 US AQI

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weather icon68°51.8°

4.5 mp/h

Monday, Oct 5

Good28 US AQI

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weather icon69.8°51.8°

2.2 mp/h

Interested in hourly forecast? Get the app

Historical

Historic air quality graph for Seattle

How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in Seattle

AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR Seattle

How is Seattle air quality?

Seattle has mixed air pollution ratings. Despite “good” US AQI levels over recent years, Seattle failed to meet federal targets for allowable unhealthy ozone days and unhealthy PM2.5 days in 2019.


On average, Seattle experiences 14.2 unhealthy pollution days a year, with 7 owing to high ozone and 7.2 owing to high PM2.5.1 The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommends no more than 3.2 unhealthy pollution days each year for each pollutant. The frequency of Seattle’s pollution spikes is thereby more than double the targeted allowance.


From a broader perspective, the 14.2 unhealthy pollution days represent just 4 percent of the year. Other days in Seattle tend to achieve “good” to “moderate” US AQI ratings. More concerning is a trend of recently declining air quality in King county, of which Seattle is the county seat.


Since 2016, all key measures for PM2.5 and ozone pollution have been on the rise. Prior to the 2015 to 2017 monitoring period, Seattle had met federal attainment levels for the allowable number of “unhealthy” PM2.5 and ozone days. Driving Seattle’s declining air quality is a combination of population growth, new industry and construction, the increased frequency and severity of wildfires, and EPA rollbacks on a variety of emission sources.


A growing population and economy does not need to be a reason for more emissions, however. Shifting towards cleaner energy and more fuel-efficient and low-emission vehicles, clearing forest underbrush with prescribed fires, and further advancing limits on emission sources are all means that have the potential to again reduce Seattle air pollution levels within federal attainment levels.

When will the air quality improve in Seattle?

Seattle air quality is the total of constant daily emissions, weather patterns, and pollution events. While these conditions are not all controllable, healthy air quality levels can be attained by managing what is controllable.


The emphasis of mitigation efforts should be on reducing Seattle emissions from mobile sources like cars and trucks. These sources are responsible for nearly half of Seattle’s air pollution emissions. The advent and popularity of electric vehicles along with government incentives have already reduced some barriers to adaptation. Seattle aims to reach an electric vehicle market share of 30 percent for privately owned electric vehicles by 2030.2 This adoption goal is dependent on individual consumers, however, and may take longer than the proposed timeline.


King County, meanwhile, is moving ahead with plans to adopt an all-electric fleet of 1,400 buses by 2040 as well as converting its ferry fleet to electric vessels. Heavy duty vehicles, such as those powered by diesel, are heavy polluters. The Port of Seattle’s Clean Truck program is working to increase truck carry loads to make these a more viable and accepted option.


Pollution levels are subject to change based on a combination of conditions. Follow Seattle’s changing air quality levels in real time at the top of this page.


Seattle’s forecast air quality data is the best resource for understanding short-term trends in air quality. Plan outdoor activities for times when air quality is in the US AQI “good” category.

Why does Seattle have particulate matter in the air?

In 2019, Seattle air quality averaged an annual PM2.5 concentration of 7.5 μg/m3, meeting both the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and World Health Organization (WHO) standards for annual PM2.5 exposure. While success in meeting these annual targets reduces the health risk of Seattle residents, the WHO cautions that no level of PM2.5 exposure has been shown to be free of health impacts.3


Seattle PM2.5 pollution is often attributed to the large concentration of industrial facilities and seafaring ships in South Park and Georgetown.4 It may come as a surprise that a majority of emissions, instead, originate from the city’s motor vehicles. Heavy duty trucks and other diesel engines are especially culpable.


The residents of Georgetown and South Park are all too familiar with smoke from freight trucks hauling cargo from the port to rail yards. On an average weekday, over 8,000 commutes are taken by freight trucks. The impact of this hyperlocal emission source is severe.


A 2008 study by Puget Sound’s Clean Air Agency found that these areas in the Duwamish Valley experience an extra 400 cancer cases per 100,000 people. For residents who live near major roadways, the situation is even more severe, with an additional 40 to 80 cancer cases per 100,000 people. (The study assumed 70 years of exposure as well as the worst-case scenario of exposure.)


Seasonal trends, including wildfires in the late summer and fall and wood burning in the winter, contribute to Seattle’s highest PM2.5 levels. While August was the most polluted month in 2017 and 2018 as a result of wildfires, elevated PM2.5 levels throughout the winter months tended to be roughly 40 percent higher than in the summer months.


Identify active wildfires burning in the King County area with Seattle air quality map, which pinpoints fire locations and illustrates the flow of particle pollution in real-time.

Where does Seattle rank in US cities for air quality?

Seattle’s air quality index (AQI) consistently averages ratings categorized as “good.” The city misses the mark, however, when it comes to its number of unhealthy pollution days, or 24-hour spikes.


The American Lung Association (ALA) releases an annual air quality report card showing comparative pollution levels across US regions and counties. According to the 2020 report card, Seattle received an “F” grade for both 24-hour PM2.5 and ozone.


Seattle’s failing grade was a result of exceeding the allowable target of 3.2 unhealthy ozone days and 3.2 unhealthy PM2.5 days. From 2016 to 2018, Seattle experienced an average of 7 high ozone days and 7.2 high PM2.5 days.


By these measures, Seattle ranks 36th nationally for high ozone days out of 229 included metropolitan areas and ties for 14th for worst 24-hour particle pollution out of 216 metropolitan areas. Seattle, Spokane, WA, and Coeur d'Alene, ID area tied for 14th worst particle pollution, experienced similar elevated PM2.5 levels as a result of wildfires.

What is Seattle doing to improve air quality?

In order to further drive air quality improvements in the future and meet federal attainment levels for 24-hour PM2.5 and ozone pollution, Seattle air quality policies must be multifaceted.


The city’s growing population will add new construction, increase strain on Seattle's infrastructure, and increase the toll of residential daily emissions. Climate change will present another challenge – warming temperatures increase the rate at which ozone forms and create a longer ozone season. Such conditions may likely counter Seattle air pollution measures intended to reduce the prevalence of precursor pollutants in the air.


Against this backdrop, Seattle is federally required to address its non-attainment pollution levels. Ongoing air quality mitigation efforts in Seattle include:


•  Reducing solid waste emissions by capturing waste gas to burn as energy rather than flaring it into the air.5

•  Employing a clean diesel program to shift heavy duty trucks to ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel, greatly reducing the number of particulates released (began in 2001).

•  Replacing 200 aging buses with articulated electric hybrid buses. This project began in 2002 and is expected to decrease fuel consumption by up to 40 percent.

•  Changing Seattle’s energy purchasing to ‘no net greenhouse gases’ by using renewable energy.

•  Providing incentives for transitioning the general public to electric vehicles, including an established city-wide network of fueling stations, no sales tax, and tax credits to income taxes.6


+ Article Resources

[1] American Lung Association. (2020). State of the air – 2020.
[2] Scruggs G. (2019, September 28). Seattle City Light unveils strategy to handle expected surge in electric vehicles. Geek Wire.
[3] World Health Organization. (2020). Air quality guidelines – global update 2005.
[4] McClure R, et al. (2011, June 13). Breathing uneasy: Air pollution crisis in South Seattle. Investigate West.
[5] King County Government. (2002). Greenhouse gases & traditional pollutant emissions inventory – year 2000.
[6] Seattle Electric Vehicle Association (SEVA). (2020). Things to know when you purchase, lease or convert an Electric Vehicle in Washington State.

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