Air quality in Bac Ninh

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Bac Ninh

LAST UPDATE (local time)

48.4K people follow this city

  • The profile image of follower
  • The profile image of follower
  • The profile image of follower
  • The profile image of follower
  • The profile image of follower
IQAir map with AQI colorful pins

Air Quality contributors Sources

Data provided by

Department of Environment


Join the movement!

Get a monitor and contribute air quality data in your city.

Become a contributor
Find out more about contributors and data sources


What is the current weather in Bac Ninh?

Weather icon
WeatherClear sky
Wind4.6 mp/h
Pressure1017 mb

live aqi city ranking

Real-time Vietnam city ranking

Tooltip icon
#cityUS AQI
1 Hanoi, Hanoi


2 Thanh Pho Thai Nguyen, Tinh Thai Nguyen


3 Tay Ho, Hanoi


4 Hoan Kiem, Hanoi


5 Thanh Pho Cao Bang, Tinh Cao Bang


6 Hue, Tinh Thua Thien-Hue


7 Quang Ha, Tinh Quang Ninh


8 Long Xuyen, An Giang


9 Thu Duc, Ho Chi Minh City


10 Thanh Pho Lang Son, Tinh Lang Son


(local time)


live Bac Ninh aqi ranking

Real-time Bac Ninh air quality ranking

Tooltip icon
#stationUS AQI
1 Bắc Ninh: TT Quan trắc, P. Suối Hoa - TP Bắc Ninh (KK)


(local time)



72 *

live AQI index

Human face indicating AQI level


What is the current air quality in Bac Ninh?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Moderate 72 US AQItrendPM2.5
22.1 µg/m³trend



PM2.5 concentration in Bac Ninh air is currently 2.2 times above the WHO annual air quality guideline value

Health Recommendations

How to protect from air pollution in Bac Ninh?

An open window iconClose your windows to avoid dirty outdoor air
A man cycling iconSensitive groups should reduce outdoor exercise


Bac Ninh air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind

Moderate 72 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon80.6°64.4°
Wind rotating 142 degree

6.7 mp/h

Wednesday, Oct 27

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 124 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon80.6°66.2°
Wind rotating 20 degree

8.9 mp/h

Thursday, Oct 28

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 124 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon73.4°66.2°
Wind rotating 350 degree

8.9 mp/h

Friday, Oct 29

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 137 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon68°66.2°
Wind rotating 344 degree

6.7 mp/h

Saturday, Oct 30

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 148 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon68°66.2°
Wind rotating 357 degree

8.9 mp/h

Sunday, Oct 31

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 148 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon68°64.4°
Wind rotating 352 degree

6.7 mp/h

Monday, Nov 1

Unhealthy 155 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon64.4°64.4°
Wind rotating 344 degree

6.7 mp/h

Interested in hourly forecast? Get the app


Historic air quality graph for Bac Ninh

How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in Bac Ninh


Does Bac Ninh have a good level of air quality?

Bac Ninh is a city located in the northern region of Vietnam, and is the capital city of the province with the same name. In the latter part of 2020, Bac Ninh saw some very elevated levels of pollution, with readings far exceeding safe levels of PM2.5 in the air coming in consistently during the month of December.

In a similar nature to Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam which also finds itself in the northern region, both see highly elevated levels of pollution towards the end of the year, so it is not surprising to see Bac Ninh come in with higher readings of PM2.5 due to its close proximity to the capital.

Hanoi itself came in with an average reading of 66.3 μg/m³ in November, and then a yearly high of 72.7 μg/m³ in December, numbers that put these months into the ‘unhealthy’ ratings bracket, which requires a PM2.5 reading of anywhere between 55.5 to 150.4 μg/m³ to be classed as such. As the name implies, this level of air quality is extremely detrimental to human health, and can have disastrous consequences to those exposed over long periods of time, particularly for those who are in sensitive groups such as the young, elderly or ill.

In similar fashion, Bac Ninh is showing highs of 86.3 μg/m³ in late December, with lows of 49.2 μg/m³ coming in as well, giving it somewhat of a similar average to that of Hanoi. As such, the two cities can be said to have similar pollution levels with mild variations in causes.

What are the main causes of pollution in Bac Ninh?

Due to being close to the capital city, Bac Ninh would have some pollution being generated from commuters going in and out of the city on a daily basis. This is a common occurrence with many cities round the world, with a close location to the capital, or a large economic city, people tend towards finding work and employment in these larger cities, whilst choosing to remain in the outer suburbs or cities, often due to living costs and other similar reasons.

So vehicular emissions would be a large contributor to pollution levels in Bac Ninh, with thousands of cars and motorbikes moving through the city daily, as well as the worse offenders known as heavy duty vehicles, the large and often old and outdated buses and trucks that run on diesel fuel, putting out huge amounts of black smoke and fumes.

Other causes endemic to the region and city are industrial pollutants, particularly caused by the recycling of metals such as aluminum, something which the province and city are well known for. This is a trade that has been going on for many years but has not been met with any industrial standardization in terms of procedure, and as such the chemicals involved in the recycling process can lead to serious contamination of the air and increased rates of respiratory illnesses.

Other causes of pollution are the incorrect disposal of refuse, usually garbage burnt in large piles that can lead to all manner of toxic materials such as plastics, rubber and metals undergoing combustion.

What are the main types of pollutants found in the air in Bac Ninh?

With vehicular emissions often comes a fairly standardized list of pollutants, some with more prominence than others. Two main ones in question would be nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO­2), with nitrogen dioxide having more presence in the atmosphere due to its high emission volume directly from vehicle exhaust.

Sulfur dioxide is also found with levels almost double of what should be normal within a city, with the main culprit being the aluminum recycling.

Oftentimes, with a lack of industry standardization and protection, many metals being recycled may not be suitable for this process, often covered in lacquers, varnishes or other synthetic material that will be evaporated once the metal enters into its molten form. This, alongside the burning of garbage that contains plastic and rubber, can release pollutants such as black carbon, volatile organic compounds such as benzene and formaldehyde, dioxins, furans, polychlorinated biphenyls as well as highly toxic metals such as mercury, lead and cadmium.

Other pollutants found in the air would include carbon monoxide (CO) and ozone (O), all of which have highly negative consequences on human health and the environment.

What can Bac Ninh do to improve its pollution levels?

There are many steps that could be implemented to reduce PM2.5 readings in Bac Ninh. Incentives such as putting more resources into public transport infrastructure can assist with the reduction of personal vehicle usage, along with the eventual removal of diesel fuels as well as older vehicles with higher emission producing engines.

Others would include better waste management, which includes not only governing assistance but education to people about the deadly effects of burning rubbish, particularly ones containing synthetic and man-made materials.

Lastly, a standardization could be introduced to the metal recycling industry so prevalent in the region, which would see proper institutions set up that could help reduce the amount of pollution given off by aluminum recycling and lending assistance to people involved in this trade to better conduct their practices.

What are some health issues that may come from breathing pollution in Bac Ninh?

With PM2.5 levels reaching such undesirable numbers such as 86.3 μg/m³ in late December, there would be a large amount of health effects associated with breathing such contaminated air, although it must be stated that breathing any air that has higher readings than the WHO’s target goal of 0 to 10 μg/m³ may come with negative consequences, so naturally the higher the number is, the more likely these health issues will occur.

They include extreme respiratory distress, with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease seeing itself on the rise, a condition that has within it any form of reduced lung function, as well as other illnesses such as aggravated asthma attacks, pneumonia, emphysema and bronchitis.

Higher rates of lung cancer can occur, with plastic and metal fumes wreaking havoc on many parts of the body, including the nervous system, organs such as the heart, liver and kidneys, reproductive health and circulatory system all being affected. As such, when presented with such elevated numbers of PM2.5 and visible smoke, haze and smog, preventative measures such as the wearing of fine particle filtering masks as well as the avoidance of outdoor activities become ever more pertinent in the preservation of one’s health.

Bac Ninh air quality data sources

Contributors 1

Where is the cleanest air quality in Bac Ninh?

Connect With IQAir

Sign up for our newsletter