Air quality in Moscow

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Moscow

LAST UPDATE (local time)

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Weather

What is the current weather in Moscow?

Weather icon
WeatherBroken clouds
Temperature48.2°C
Humidity82%
Wind11.6 mp/h
Pressure1023 mb
Air pollution has cost an estimated12,000 deaths*in Moscow in 2021LEARN MORE*Air pollution also cost approximately $6,500,000,000 USD in Moscow in 2021.

live aqi city ranking

Real-time Russia city ranking

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#cityUS AQI
1 Tol'yatti, Samara

234

2 Krasnoyarsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai

230

3 Achinsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai

164

4 Kansk, Krasnoyarsk Krai

88

5 Nadym, Yamalo-Nenets

69

6 Solnechnyy, Krasnoyarsk Krai

68

7 Moscow, Moscow

55

8 Magnitogorsk, Chelyabinsk

43

9 Chelyabinsk, Chelyabinsk

41

10 Zelenogorsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai

41

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

live Moscow aqi ranking

Real-time Moscow air quality ranking

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#stationUS AQI
1 Proletarian Avenue

84

2 Dolgoprudnaya

78

3 Zelenograd 16

78

4 Lower Maslivka

70

5 Marjino

70

6 Guryanova

65

7 M1 (Ochakovo)

65

8 Butlerova

61

9 Khamovniki

61

10 Spiridonovka

61

(local time)

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US AQI

43

live AQI index
Good

Human face indicating AQI level

Overview

What is the current air quality in Moscow?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Good 43 US AQItrendPM2.5
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
10.3 µg/m³trend
!

PM2.5

x1

PM2.5 concentration in Moscow air is currently 1 times above the WHO annual air quality guideline value

Health Recommendations

How to protect from air pollution in Moscow?

An open window iconOpen your windows to bring clean, fresh air indoors
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Forecast

Moscow air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Friday, Sep 24

Good 29 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Saturday, Sep 25

Good 34 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Sunday, Sep 26

Good 21 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Today

Good 43 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon50°44.6°
Wind rotating 1 degree

11.2 mp/h

Tuesday, Sep 28

Good 40 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon48.2°41°
Wind rotating 43 degree

8.9 mp/h

Wednesday, Sep 29

Moderate 57 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon53.6°37.4°
Wind rotating 16 degree

6.7 mp/h

Thursday, Sep 30

Moderate 82 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon53.6°46.4°
Wind rotating 34 degree

2.2 mp/h

Friday, Oct 1

Moderate 76 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon55.4°42.8°
Wind rotating 247 degree

4.5 mp/h

Saturday, Oct 2

Moderate 64 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon57.2°42.8°
Wind rotating 215 degree

4.5 mp/h

Sunday, Oct 3

Moderate 78 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon57.2°42.8°
Wind rotating 183 degree

6.7 mp/h

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Historical

Historic air quality graph for Moscow

How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in Moscow

AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR Moscow

What is the air quality index of Moscow?

Moscow is the capital and also the largest city in Russia. It is situated on the banks of the Moskva River in Central Russia. The population for the entire Moscow Metropolitan area was over 20 million people in 2019. This metropolitan area covers over 26,000 square kilometres making it one of the largest cities in the world.

At the end of 2020 Moscow was recording "Good" levels of air quality with a figure of 45 US AQI according to levels recommenced by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The concentration of PM2.5 which is the main pollutant was 11 µg/m³. Readings for the other pollutants are as follows: - PM10 - 11 µg/m³, ozone (O3) - 14.4 µg/m³, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) - 30.9 µg/m³, sulphur dioxide (SO2) - 2.3 µg/m³ and carbon monoxide (CO) - 200 µg/m³.

The average figure for 2019 was 10 µg/m³ which is on the upper limit of the WHO target level. This figure was also attainted for 7 months of the year. 2 other months showed a "Good" reading of between 10 and 12 µg/m³ whilst the remaining three months returned a "Moderate" reading with figures between 12.1 and 35.4 µg/m³.

What are the main sources of Moscow’s polluted air?

In Moscow, St Petersburg and other large cities in the European part of Russia, more than 80 per cent of atmospheric pollution is attributed to traffic. Although these are not the most polluted parts of Russia. The dirtiest cities are far away from the capital, situated in a seemingly idyllic setting such as Siberia and the Urals which are where the majority of the country’s mining, chemical and other heavy industries are concentrated.

In Moscow air pollution accounts for 5,000 premature deaths annually. This figure is roughly twice as many as the number of deaths caused by road accidents.

Car ownership for many Muscovites is regarded as a status symbol and it is thought that the market is still far from saturation point. Many Muscovites live in cramped rented apartments on the outskirts of the city and spend eight to ten hours a day working in their offices. They virtually “live” in their comfortable cars for between two to four hours daily. It’s comfortable inside and they can listen to their favourite music and enjoy their own space which they don’t have much opportunity to enjoy elsewhere.

Is air pollution in Moscow getting better or worse?

In November 2020, Moscow measured its highest level of air pollution in almost 16 years. Having studied the available data, experts discovered there had been three times as many “high” and “extremely high” instances of air pollution within the first nine months of the year. This was more than the entire previous year.

Russia’s Hydrometeorology Centre, whose data was used for the study has recorded 171 “high” or “extreme” instances of air pollution which was the highest total since data was made available in 2005. In the months of July-September 125 instances were recorded which is just one fewer than in all of 2010 and is double the annual number in 2019.

A “High” level of pollution refers to the concentration of one or more pollutants at 10 times the maximum permissible levels whilst “Extreme” pollution refers to concentrations of pollutants between 20 and 50 times the allowable levels. At such times, the pollutants can be detected by smell. Acid rain can also be produced under these conditions.

What can be done to improve the air quality in Moscow?

Following the World Cup in 2018, Greenpeace Russia conducted a survey and found that 82 per cent of Muscovites were dissatisfied with their air quality. A similar percentage were well-aware that vehicle emissions are the primary cause of air pollution. Fortunately, the local government is becoming increasingly aware of the general feeling of unrest toward this situation. The transition to a greener public transportation network has begun.

Restrictions have been proposed which would prohibit heavily-polluting vehicles from entering the city. Any vehicle below the Euro-3 emission standard would be barred. One of the key components towards a cleaner city would be the introduction of low emission zones. Under this ambitious plan, air pollution from nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) vehicle emissions would be reduced by 25 per cent. The city has installed almost 80 electric vehicle charging stations, with a similar number planned for installation in the coming years.

It is hoped that Moscow will introduce more pedestrianised areas and introduce cycle lanes or tracks to encourage this clean mode of transportation.

Due to the lack of access to information about air quality, public protests against air pollution in Moscow are seldom seen. What protests do take place often concentrate either on companies known to be guilty of polluting the atmosphere and new infrastructure projects such as motorways, or the protection of threatened green zones.

The current protest campaigns are with regards to a new stadium which is planned to be built on the site of the existing Park Druzhby (Friendship Park); a road to be built across the 18th century French style Kuskovo Park which is regarded as one of the most beautiful in Moscow and the felling of trees in Kokoshkino, a village incorporated in the recent expansion of the capital known as "New Moscow".

What are the effects on health through breathing in Moscow’s polluted air?

Exposure to high levels of air pollution can cause a variety of health problems ranging from mild coughs and wheezes to respiratory infections, heart disease and lung cancer. The severity of the effects depends a lot on the concentration of the pollutants and the length of time exposed to it.

Some basic precautions would be to wear a good quality face mask when venturing outside when the air is heavily polluted. Closing doors and windows will help prevent the ingress of the dirty air. Outdoor exercise should be avoided at these times, instead, consider exercising in the local shopping mall by walking through the concourse and up and down the staircases.

An air purifier could be considered if the frequency becomes too often. These are available both for the home and the car.

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