Air quality in Amsterdam

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Amsterdam

Last update at (local time)

206.5K people follow this city

  • The profile image of follower
  • The profile image of follower
  • The profile image of follower
  • The profile image of follower
  • The profile image of follower
IQAir map with AQI colorful pins

Air Quality Data contributor(s)

Station(s) operated by

Contributors

3

IQAir AirVisual logoIQAir AirVisual logoIQAir AirVisual logo

Join the movement!

Get a monitor and contribute air quality data in your city.

Become a contributor
Find out more about contributors and data sources

Weather

What is the current weather in Amsterdam?

Weather icon
WeatherMist
Temperature46.4°F
Humidity97%
Wind2.3 mp/h
Pressure29.9 Hg

live aqi city ranking

Real-time Netherlands city ranking

#cityUS AQI
1 Muiden, North Holland

166

2 Apeldoorn, ‎Gelderland

156

3 Oss, North Brabant

149

4 Berkel en Rodenrijs, South Holland

146

5 Brielle, South Holland

139

6 Mijnsheerenland, South Holland

139

7 Breda, North Brabant

129

8 Capelle aan den IJssel, South Holland

112

9 Amsterdam, North Holland

111

10 Waalwijk, North Brabant

106

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

live Amsterdam aqi ranking

Real-time Amsterdam air quality ranking

#stationUS AQI
1 Amsterdam-Waterlandplien

153

2 NCA-AMS-Institute

111

3 Amsterdam-Jan van Galenstraat

91

4 Amsterdam-Van Diemenstraat

86

5 Zaanstad-Hoogtij

76

6 Amsterdam-Westerpark

68

7 Amsterdam-Vondelpark

63

8 Spaarnwoude-Machineweg

62

9 Amsterdam-Stadhouderskade

61

10 Amsterdam-Einsteinweg

58

(local time)

SEE WORLD AQI RANKING

US AQI

111

live AQI index
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups

Human face indicating AQI level

Overview

What is the current air quality in Amsterdam?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 111 US AQItrendPM2.5
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
39.7µg/m³trend
!

PM2.5

x7.9

PM2.5 concentration in Amsterdam is currently 7.9 times the WHO annual air quality guideline value

Health Recommendations

How to protect from air pollution in Amsterdam?

An IQAir mask icon Sensitive groups should wear a mask outdoors
Get a Mask
An IQAir purifier icon Run an air purifier
Get an air purifier
An open window iconClose your windows to avoid dirty outdoor air
A man cycling iconEveryone should reduce outdoor exercise

Forecast

Amsterdam air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Friday, Nov 25

Good 31 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon51.8°42.8°
Wind rotating 185 degree

17.9 mp/h

Saturday, Nov 26

Moderate 52 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon50°44.6°
Wind rotating 178 degree

11.2 mp/h

Sunday, Nov 27

Good 29 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon42.8°41°
Wind rotating 175 degree

13.4 mp/h

Today

Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups 111 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon51.8°42.8°
Wind rotating 183 degree

8.9 mp/h

Tuesday, Nov 29

Good 9 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon50°42.8°
Wind rotating 8 degree

4.5 mp/h

Wednesday, Nov 30

Good 40 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon44.6°41°
Wind rotating 51 degree

6.7 mp/h

Thursday, Dec 1

Moderate 55 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon41°35.6°
Wind rotating 75 degree

11.2 mp/h

Friday, Dec 2

Moderate 58 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon35.6°32°
Wind rotating 75 degree

11.2 mp/h

Saturday, Dec 3

Good 40 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon37.4°32°
Wind rotating 66 degree

11.2 mp/h

Sunday, Dec 4

Good 39 US AQI

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon33.8°30.2°
Wind rotating 67 degree

4.5 mp/h

Interested in hourly forecast? Get the app

Historical

Historic air quality graph for Amsterdam

How to best protect from air pollution?

Reduce your air pollution exposure in Amsterdam

AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR Amsterdam

What is the air quality index of Amsterdam?

Amsterdam is the largest and most populous city in the Netherlands with a 2018 population of over 2.5 million in the metropolitan area. At the end of 2020, Amsterdam was experiencing some “Good” quality air with a US AQI reading of 18.

The concentration of the main pollutants were as follows: PM2.5 - 4.3 µg/m³, PM10 - 3.9 µg/m³, ozone (O3) - 33.1 µg/m³, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) - 5.3 µg/m³ and carbon monoxide (CO) - 5.3 µg/m³. With figures such as these, the advice is to open doors and windows and let the fresh air into the home and to get outside and enjoy outdoor activities.

In 2019, the average annual PM2.5 figure was 10.7 µg/m³ which, according to recommended levels by the World Health Organisation (WHO) classified it as “Good”. For 4 months of the year, Amsterdam attained the WHO target figure of being 10 µg/m³ or less. 5 months classed it as “Good” with concentrations between 10 and 12 µg/m³. The remaining months of February, March and April returned “Moderate” readings between 12.1 and 35.4 µg/m³.

Is Amsterdam very polluted?

The Stadhouderskade is one of the dirtiest streets in Amsterdam. It is a street which runs through the city centre and is always congested. Local residents have noticed that if they cross the street or spend too much time close to the carriageway, they soon begin to cough and wheeze. They are mostly dissatisfied with the measure being taken by the authorities and suggest the exclusion of heavily-polluting diesel-powered trucks, but levels of pollutants are still in excess of recommended figures.

What are the air pollutants in Amsterdam?

Fine dust is a collective name for very small particles in the air. You cannot see the particles with the naked eye as they are only a few micrometres in size (1 micrometre is a thousand times smaller than a millimetre). Particles smaller than 10 micrometres are called PM10, particles smaller than 2.5 micrometres are called PM2.5 and even smaller particles are called ultra-fine particles. Soot or black carbon (BC) is also an important part of fine dust as it consists of particles that have clumped together. Particulate matter can be caused by natural sources but, more commonly, it is man-made. It is thought that up to 75 to 80 per cent of fine PM pollutants are attributed to human activity. These fine particles also remain in the air for longer periods of time.

In addition to particulate matter (PM), soot (BC), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and ozone (O3), there are also other unhealthy substances in the air, such as volatile organic compounds (VOC), carbon monoxide (CO) and sulphur dioxide (SO2), but these are in much smaller quantities at the moment.

What can be done to mitigate the effects of the poor air quality in Amsterdam?

If you are driving the car, keep the windows closed especially when in a traffic jam or heavily congested area. This way you keep some of the dirty air out. Outside the traffic jam, an open window is healthier, because the air in cars can soon become stale. Do not allow fresh air to enter the car whilst driving through long tunnels but set the fan to recirculation mode. In this way, less polluted air enters the car. However, you are not advised to do this for longer than 15 minutes. By opening two of the windows, the air inside the vehicle will quickly be replaced.

What are the effects on health through breathing in Amsterdam’s polluted air?

Air pollution is unhealthy and you can get all types of ailments and diseases from it. The elderly, sick people and young children are extra sensitive to dirty air. People with pre-existing respiratory problems such as asthma, chronic bronchitis or COPD, and people with cardiovascular disease or diabetes, can develop more complaints or even die earlier due to air pollution. Healthy people are also affected depending on the length of exposure to the dirty air, the pollutants contained within it and the concentration of those pollutants. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) makes some people more sensitive to infections and they catch a cold more quickly. Nitrogen oxides (NOx) are not only unhealthy but also bad for nature if there is too much of them.

Fine dust and ozone (O3) can cause temporary complaints such as dry eyes, coughing, a dry throat or shortness of breath. But it also ensures that your lungs work less well efficiently. Prolonged exposure to ozone can also cause headaches, nausea and dizziness. Skin rashes have also been noted for some people.

What are the main sources of pollution in Amsterdam?

Road traffic and industry are not the only sources of these unhealthy substances. Agriculture and wood burning in and around the house also cause air pollution. Of all the unhealthy particles in the air, particulate matter PM2.5, nitrogen oxide (NOx) and ozone (O3) cause the most damage to health.

Road traffic is one of the main sources of bad air that people breathe every day. A lot of particulate matter (PM), soot (BC) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) are emitted from the exhausts of cars, buses, trucks, motorcycles, scooters and mopeds. Diesel cars in particular, emit a lot of harmful substances. But the wear of tyres, brakes and road surface also adds to the air pollution.

Industry such as steel factories and refineries, shipping and agriculture also contribute. Households can cause poorer air quality by burning wood in the fireplace, wood stove or fire basket because a lot of fine dust is released into the environment when wood is burned. Other pollutants in the home are cigarette smoke, pets and moisture. Gas stoves, central heating boilers and geysers also contribute with their emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx).

Ozone (O3) does not come from the exhaust of cars or chimneys. Tropospheric, or ground-level ozone, as it should be known, is not emitted directly into the air, but is created by chemical reactions between oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and volatile organic compounds (VOC)s. The problem is compounded in the presence of strong sunlight so tends to intensify as the day progresses.

Air pollution is a transnational problem. A lot of dirty air arrives on the prevailing winds from as far away as the deserts in China and Mongolia. Up to 30 per cent of the particulate matter in the air can come from foreign emissions. Conversely, a large part of the substances emitted in the Netherlands also blown across the border.

Cart
Your cart is empty

Connect With IQAir

Sign up for our newsletter