Air quality in Port Elizabeth

Air quality index (AQI) and PM2.5 air pollution in Port Elizabeth

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AIR QUALITY DATA CONTRIBUTORS

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South African Air Quality Information System

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Weather

What is the current weather in Port Elizabeth?

Weather icon
WeatherClear sky
Temperature50°F
Humidity87%
Wind2.3 mp/h
Pressure30 Hg
Air pollution has cost an estimated240 deaths*in Port Elizabeth in 2024Find out more*Air pollution also cost approximately $89,000,000 USD in Port Elizabeth in 2024.

live aqi city ranking

Real-time South Africa city ranking

#cityUS AQI
1The national flag of International Middelburg, Mpumalanga

159

2The national flag of International Ballito, KwaZulu-Natal

132

3The national flag of International Vereeniging, Gauteng

111

4The national flag of International KwaMbonambi, KwaZulu-Natal

102

5The national flag of International eSikhaleni, KwaZulu-Natal

91

6The national flag of International eMbalenhle, Mpumalanga

88

7The national flag of International Thabazimbi, Limpopo

72

8The national flag of International Cape Town, Western Cape

28

(local time)

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live Port Elizabeth aqi ranking

Real-time Port Elizabeth air quality ranking

#stationUS AQI
1 ES_Motherwell

36

2 Saltworks

23

3 Amsterdamplein

21

(local time)

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US AQI

23

live AQI index
Good

Human face indicating AQI level

Overview

What is the current air quality in Port Elizabeth?

Air pollution levelAir quality indexMain pollutant
Good 23 US AQIPM2.5
PollutantsConcentration
PM2.5
4.2µg/m³
PM10
6.8µg/m³
O3
53.5µg/m³
NO2
36.4µg/m³
SO2
5.3µg/m³

PM2.5 concentration in Port Elizabeth air currently meets the WHO annual air quality guideline value

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What is the current air quality in Port Elizabeth?

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Forecast

Port Elizabeth air quality index (AQI) forecast

DayPollution levelWeatherTemperatureWind
Sunday, Jul 14

Good 28 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon
60.8° 51.8°
Wind rotating 267 degree 20.1 mp/h
Monday, Jul 15

Good 32 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon
60.8° 50°
Wind rotating 265 degree 22.4 mp/h
Tuesday, Jul 16

Good 37 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon
62.6° 50°
Wind rotating 249 degree 17.9 mp/h
Today

Good 23 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon
62.6° 50°
Wind rotating 282 degree 8.9 mp/h
Thursday, Jul 18

Good 21 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon
64.4° 53.6°
Wind rotating 234 degree 17.9 mp/h
Friday, Jul 19

Good 10 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon
62.6° 51.8°
Wind rotating 269 degree 11.2 mp/h
Saturday, Jul 20

Good 8 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon 60%
59° 53.6°
Wind rotating 248 degree 20.1 mp/h
Sunday, Jul 21

Good 8 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon
57.2° 50°
Wind rotating 227 degree 11.2 mp/h
Monday, Jul 22

Good 25 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon
59° 48.2°
Wind rotating 65 degree 13.4 mp/h
Tuesday, Jul 23

Good 49 AQI US

Human face indicating AQI level
Weather icon
66.2° 51.8°
Wind rotating 224 degree 11.2 mp/h

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AIR QUALITY ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS FOR Port Elizabeth

What is the current level of air pollution in Port Elizabeth?

Port Elizabeth, officially renamed Gqeberha and colloquially often referred to as PE, is a major seaport city in Eastern Cape province in South Africa. The city's name change was officially gazetted on 23rdFebruary 2021. According to a census conducted in 2020, Port Elizabeth had an estimated population of approximately 970,000 people. This increased to 1.15 million when considering the entire metropolis.

Towards the end of 2021, Port Elizabeth was enjoying a period of “Good” quality air with a US AQI reading of 47. This United States Air Quality Index number is calculated using the levels of six of the most commonly occurring air pollutants, such as nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide, ozone, carbon monoxide and both sizes of particulate matter, which are PM2.5 and PM10. It can then be used as the metric when comparing air quality in other cities around the world. If data is unavailable for all 6 pollutants, a figure can still be calculated by using what figures there are. In Port Elizabeth, four pollutants were recorded which were; PM2.5 - 9.2 µg/m³, PM10 - 52 µg/m³, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) - 30.2 µg/m³ and sulphur dioxide (SO2) - 5.2 µg/m³.

This level of PM2.5 is below the recommended safe level of 10 µg/m³ as suggested by the World Health Organisation (WHO) as being an acceptable level. Although no amount of air pollution is considered to be safe.When the air quality is “Good”, doors and windows can be safely opened to allow the clean fresh air inside. All forms of outdoor activity can be enjoyed without fear of contaminated air. For up-to-date information about air quality, there is an app available from AirVisual which is downloadable for all mobile devices.

Does the level of air pollution vary throughout the year in Port Elizabeth?

Air quality is very volatile as it is subject to many external influencing factors such as meteorological and atmospheric changes.

Looking back at the figures for 2020, released by IQAir.com, it can be seen that the months with the best quality air were January until May and August until December. During these ten months, the air quality was below the target figure of 10 µg/m³ as recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The lowest reading which indicates the best quality was during the months of January and again in November with readings of 7.2 µg/m³. The worst month was October with a 9.1 µg/m³ reading. The month of June returned a reading from the “Good” category with an 11.2 µg/m³ figure. July returned “Moderate air with a figure of 13.1 µg/m³.

Records for air pollution were first held in 2019 when a figure of 10.6 µg/m³ was recorded, which was from the “Good” category. Last year was even better when the WHO target figure was achieved with a reading of just 9.0 µg/m³. But this reading may have been affected by the COVID-19 situation as many vehicles were no longer in daily use because the offices were closed, in an attempt to halt the spread of the virus. Many factories and non-essential production units were also required to close which removed their emissions from the atmosphere.

What is the main source of air pollution in Port Elizabeth?

In South Africa, outdoor and indoor air pollution is considered a serious problem and emissions such as sulphur dioxide, particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide, nitric oxide, ozone, benzene and volatile organic compounds are considered a cause for concern. The air quality in different areas of the country is affected by air pollution that ends up in the air from various sources. These sources include power generation activities, industrial processes, waste disposal, transportation (private and public), biomass incineration (incineration of living or dead plant material including grassland, forest, agricultural waste and incineration of biomass for fuel), household fuel, landfill fuel, wastewater treatment and agriculture.

Industries are a major consumer of energy and rely mainly on fossil fuels, especially coal. The industrial / mining sector is also a major consumer of electricity at a national level. The largest industrial consumer of electricity is the mining sector, followed by the iron and steel, and non-ferrous metal industries.

What can be done to improve air quality in Port Elizabeth?

Most sources of air pollution are far beyond the control of individuals and require action by city governments, as well as national and international policymakers in sectors such as transport, energy waste management, buildings and agriculture.

  • Conserve electricity where you can. Lower the thermostat of your water heater and switch it off during the day. Turn off lights, computers, and electric appliances when not in use. Do not leave then on stand-by.
  • Use energy efficient light bulbs and appliances.
  • imit driving by reducing the number of trips you take in your car by carpooling, use public transportation, cycle or walk when possible.
  • Keep your car, boat and other engines properly tuned and maintained, and avoid engines that smoke. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions on routine maintenance, such as changing the oil and filters, and checking tyre pressure and wheel alignment. It all helps the engine to be more efficient.
  • Use electric or hand-powered lawn care equipment.
  • Reduce or eliminate fireplace and wood stove use.
  • Avoid burning leaves, garbage and other materials. Instead, make compost from leaves and garden waste.

What are the health impacts of breathing dirty air in Port Elizabeth?

The pollutant which has the most detrimental effects on the body is the microscopic particulate matter or PM2.5 as it is often known. These tiny particles are suspended in the air and breathed into the lungs. Due to their size, the body’s natural defence system cannot trap them so they become lodged in the alveoli at the base of the bronchial tubes. From here they are able to enter the bloodstream and penetrate the body tissue and travel as far as the heart. Respiratory illnesses such as asthma, bronchitis and emphysema are commonly found in polluted areas.

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), more than 90 per cent of the world population live in places with low air quality. The WHO indicates that air pollution causes 7 million deaths worldwide annually.

Among the diseases caused by air pollution are chronic obstructions, lung cancer, ischemic heart disease and strokes.

Port Elizabeth air quality data attribution

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