타슈켄트의 공기질

타슈켄트의 공기질 지수(AQI)와 PM 2.5 공해도

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데이터 소스

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날씨

타슈켄트의 현재 날씨는 어떤가요?

날씨 아이콘
날씨맑은 하늘
온도73.4°C
습도27%
바람4.6 mp/h
기압1015 mb

실시간 aqi 도시 순위

실시간 우즈베키스탄의 도시 랭킹

툴팁 아이콘
#city미국 AQI
1 타슈켄트, Toshkent Shahri

65

(현지 시간)

전 세계 AQI 랭킹 보기

실시간 타슈켄트 aqi 순위

실시간 타슈켄트 공기질 순위

툴팁 아이콘
#station미국 AQI
1 US Embassy in Tashkent

65

(현지 시간)

전 세계 AQI 랭킹 보기

미국 AQI

65

실시간 AQI 지수
보통

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴

개요

타슈켄트의 현재 공기질은 어떤가요?

공해 수준공기질 지수주요 오염물질
보통 65 미국 AQIPM2.5
오염물질농도
PM2.5
19 µg/m³

건강 관련 권장 사항

타슈켄트의 공해로부터 보호하는 방법은?

열린 창 아이콘실외의 더러운 공기를 차단하도록 창문을 닫으세요
자전거 타는 사람 아이콘민감한 그룹은 실외 운동을 줄여야 합니다

기상예보

타슈켄트 공기질 지수(AQI) 예보

오염 수준날씨온도바람
일요일, 4월 11

보통 62 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
월요일, 4월 12

보통 69 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
화요일, 4월 13

좋음 1 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
오늘

보통 63 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘77°53.6°
282도로 회전하는 바람

2.2 mp/h

목요일, 4월 15

보통 58 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘73.4°55.4°
266도로 회전하는 바람

4.5 mp/h

금요일, 4월 16

보통 63 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘75.2°59°
293도로 회전하는 바람

2.2 mp/h

토요일, 4월 17

보통 73 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘77°57.2°
340도로 회전하는 바람

4.5 mp/h

일요일, 4월 18

보통 69 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘73.4°60.8°
174도로 회전하는 바람

2.2 mp/h

월요일, 4월 19

보통 55 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘77°57.2°
214도로 회전하는 바람

6.7 mp/h

화요일, 4월 20

보통 54 미국 AQI

AQI 레벨을 나타내는 인간 얼굴
날씨 아이콘66.2°57.2°
194도로 회전하는 바람

6.7 mp/h

시간 단위 일기 예보에 관심이 있으신가요? 앱 받기

내역

타슈켄트의 공기질 내역 그래프

공해로부터 가장 좋은 보호 방법은?

타슈켄트에서 공해에 대한 노출을 줄이세요

타슈켄트의 공기질 분석 및 통계

Is Tashkent a city with good air quality?

Tashkent is the capital city of Uzbekistan, also holding the title of the largest city in the country. It has a long recorded history of many different cultural influences, ranging from Turkic through to the ancient Persians, and in more modern times that of Russian influence, although not as prominent as it once was due to the collapse of the Soviet Union, and Tashkent’s subsequent return to sovereignty. It has over 2,200 years of recorded history, counting it as one of the more ancient cities to still be in existence, having been a prominent city that benefited from trade taking place across the silk road in times past.

Nowadays, it is a city that is going through a steady economic growth, with industrial facilities cropping up alongside a growing population (which is currently sitting at 2.57 million people as of 2020). In regards to its air quality, as with many cities in the region, it suffers from some pollutive issues due to overuse of fossil fuels as well as maintenance of poor environmental practices such as using poor or lower quality fuels as well as burning large amounts of both organic and synthetic materials, combined with the heavy dust storms that occur across that particular part of the world.

In 2019, Tashkent came in with a yearly PM2.5 average reading of 41.2 μg/m³, a high reading that placed it into the ‘unhealthy for sensitive groups’ bracket, which requires a PM2.5 reading of anywhere between 35.5 to 55.4 μg/m³ to be classed as such. This reading also placed it into 219th place out of all cities ranked worldwide, an extremely high ranking that is indicative of fairly severe pollution problems.

What are some of the main causes of pollution in Tashkent?

With such a high reading of PM2.5 taken over the year of 2019, there would be many different sources of pollution coming together to get the heavily compounded numbers that were recorded, with the country having its own unique source of pollution adding to the already high levels seen (located far from Tashkent, to the far northwest near the Aral Sea).

Massive overuse of automobiles amongst the city’s population contributes significantly to the pollution levels, with many of these vehicles being aged and some even being leftovers from the Soviet Union, running on ancient motors that put out far more oil vapors, particulate matter and noxious chemical fumes into the air than a more modern cleaner counterpart would.

Other causes of pollution in Tashkent would be fumes from factories, power plants and other industrial areas. The burning of coal and other materials is responsible for the large output of smoke, haze and other hazardous materials that can be found in the air throughout Tashkent, as well as the rest of the country. These chemical pollutants will be discussed at greater length in following.

What are some negative health issues associated with pollution in Tashkent?

With PM2.5 readings going as high as 75.5 μg/m³ during certain months of the year, there would be a significant amount of health issues associated with breathing the air during such a time, and indeed throughout much of the year, with any PM2.5 reading over the World Health Organizations (WHO's) target goal of 10 μg/m³ or less having the ability to cause a whole host of negative health ailments.

Some of these would include short term or acute issues such as irritation to the mucous membranes, with the eyes, nose, ears and mouth all being affected, as well as the skin being prone to breakouts, especially amongst those with sensitivity to chemical pollutants. Long term and chronic issues would be ones such as elevated risks of cancer, particularly regarding the lungs but also of the throat, stomach and other organs of the body, due to the pervasive nature of particulate matter and its ability to enter the blood stream via the lungs. Others would be respiratory ailments such as pneumonia, bronchitis, emphysema and aggravated asthma attacks, as well as scarring of the lung tissue and a subsequent reduction in its full function.

What are some of the main pollutants found in the air in Tashkent?

Some of the main pollutants found in the air in Tashkent would be ones such as black carbon and volatile organic compounds (VOC's), both of which are released from the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, as well as from organic material such as wood. Black carbon is the main component in soot, and is released from all combustion sources, emanating from vehicles, factories as well as the burning of wood for heating or cooking in certain homes (more common during the winter months as well as in lower income districts where traditional practices are still used).

Some examples of VOC's would include chemicals such as benzene, toluene, xylene, methylene chloride and formaldehyde. Other pollutants released from sources such as vehicles would be ones such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2), with nitrogen dioxide being one of the main pollutants emitted from vehicles, as well as sulfur dioxide being a contributor to incidences of acid rain. Other pollutants released from combustion sites would be carbon monoxide (CO) as well as ozone (O3).

When are the pollution levels at their worst in Tashkent?

Observing the pollution levels recorded over the course of 2019, Tashkent showed a distinct period of the year when the PM2.5 readings were significantly higher than other time periods. It appears that from the month of June through till December at years end, the pollution levels are at their worst, with some readings coming in many times higher than the lowest readings earlier in the year. April came in with a PM2.5 reading of 19.9 μg/m³, making it the cleanest month of the year. Although data is missing from the month of May, June showed a prominent leap in pollution levels, with a PM2.5 reading of 36 μg/m³.

From this month onwards, the readings continued to stay high, with increments also being shown. July through to December came in with readings of 48.7 μg/m³, 47.3 μg/m³, 44.8 μg/m³, 40.7 μg/m³, 75.5 μg/m³ and 39.1 μg/m³ respectively.

This made November the most polluted month of the entire year, falling into the ‘unhealthy’ ratings category, which requires a PM2.5 reading of anywhere between 55.5 to 150.4 μg/m³ for classification. As the name indicates, the air during this time period is extremely detrimental to those exposed, and in closing, the months of June through to December are when the levels of smoke, haze and pollution in the air would be at their worst.

타슈켄트의 공기질 데이터 소스

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