뉴캐슬의 공기질

뉴캐슬의 공기질 지수(AQI)와 PM 2.5 공해도

최종 업데이트 (현지 시간)

1.03M 사람들이 이 도시을 팔로우합니다

공기질 기여자 소스

데이터 제공자

기여자

2

데이터 소스

3

자신만의 센서를 장착하여 공기질을 스스로 측정하고 관련 활동에 참여하세요.

기여자 되기
기여자 및 데이터 소스에 관하여 좀 더 자세히 알아보세요

날씨

뉴캐슬의 현재 날씨는 어떤가요?

날씨흩어진 구름
온도71.6°C
습도43%
바람8 mp/h
기압1020 mb

실시간 aqi 도시 순위

실시간 호주의 도시 랭킹

#city미국 AQI
1 Darlinghurst, 뉴 사우스 웨일즈

110

2 Orange, 뉴 사우스 웨일즈

94

3 Shellharbour, 뉴 사우스 웨일즈

89

4 Muswellbrook, 뉴 사우스 웨일즈

77

5 Port Macquarie, 뉴 사우스 웨일즈

73

6 Rocklea, Queensland

59

7 Wallsend, 뉴 사우스 웨일즈

59

8 앨버리, 뉴 사우스 웨일즈

58

9 골번, 뉴 사우스 웨일즈

52

10 Springwood, Queensland

52

(현지 시간)

전 세계 AQI 랭킹 보기

실시간 뉴캐슬 aqi 순위

실시간 뉴캐슬 공기질 순위

#station미국 AQI
1 Newcastle

82

2 Wharf Road

9

(현지 시간)

전 세계 AQI 랭킹 보기

미국 AQI

9

실시간 AQI 지수
좋음

개요

뉴캐슬의 현재 공기질은 어떤가요?

공해 수준공기질 지수주요 오염물질
좋음9 미국 AQIPM2.5
오염물질농도
PM2.5
2.3 µg/m³

건강 관련 권장 사항

뉴캐슬의 공해로부터 보호하는 방법은?

Open your windows to bring clean, fresh air indoors
Enjoy outdoor activities

기상예보

뉴캐슬 공기질 지수(AQI) 예보

오염 수준날씨온도바람
금요일, 11월 27

좋음 30 미국 AQI

face icon
토요일, 11월 28

좋음 27 미국 AQI

face icon
일요일, 11월 29

좋음 24 미국 AQI

face icon
오늘

보통 59 미국 AQI

face icon
weather icon71.6°60.8°

8.9 mp/h

화요일, 12월 1

좋음 25 미국 AQI

face icon
weather icon104°60.8°

4.5 mp/h

수요일, 12월 2

좋음 35 미국 AQI

face icon
weather icon78.8°64.4°

8.9 mp/h

목요일, 12월 3

좋음 30 미국 AQI

face icon
weather icon77°62.6°

6.7 mp/h

금요일, 12월 4

좋음 40 미국 AQI

face icon
weather icon95°60.8°

6.7 mp/h

토요일, 12월 5

좋음 39 미국 AQI

face icon
weather icon100.4°62.6°

2.2 mp/h

일요일, 12월 6

좋음 7 미국 AQI

face icon
weather icon86°57.2°

11.2 mp/h

시간 단위 일기 예보에 관심이 있으신가요? 앱 받기

내역

뉴캐슬의 공기질 내역 그래프

공해로부터 가장 좋은 보호 방법은?

뉴캐슬에서 공해에 대한 노출을 줄이세요

뉴캐슬의 공기질 분석 및 통계

How bad is air quality in Newcastle?

Like much of Australia, Newcastle air quality is relatively healthy most of the year round, but it is also vulnerable to the impacts of extreme short-term pollution events, such as bushfires and dust storms. Newcastle originated as a settlement developed around coal mines, and accordingly it has historically experienced smoky air pollution emissions related to its coal industry.1 However, in recent years air quality management through the New South Wales local state government have decreased smoke emissions from coal, and Newcastle’s air pollution episodes are now more commonly related to wildfires and natural dust storm episodes.1


During 2019, Newcastle air pollution ranked as Australia’s 7th most polluted city for hazardous fine particle pollution out of a total of 95 monitored cities, included in IQAir’s 2019 World Air Quality Report.2 Newcastle averaged an annual PM2.5 concentration of 12.5 μg/m3 during 2019, which exceeds both Australia’s national standard target for annual PM2.5 of 8 μg/m3, and the World Health Organisation’s recommended annual limit of 10 μg/m3. Newcastle’s air pollution average also represented a noticeable increase from the previous two years, when it averaged 7.9 μg/m3 in 2018, and 7.4 μg/m3 in 2017.2 This increase during 2019 may be linked to the devastating wildfires that blazed across Australia during the summer months of 2019-2020, which came to be known as Australia’s “black summer”. While Australia has long experienced bushfires during the summer months, the black summer’s fires were particularly widespread and vicious, partly due to record-breaking temperatures and dry conditions that summer. These conditions have been associated with the broader trend of increasing global temperatures as part of climate change. Newcastle’s state of New South Wales was the worst affected state across Australia, suffering both extensive damage to bush land and extremely high levels of air pollution from the smoke.3


Live air quality readings from Newcastle can be followed at the top of this page, along with a 7-day air quality forecast. The dynamic air quality map also includes wildfire information alongside air pollution data.

What are the main sources of pollution in Newcastle?

The main pollutants of concern in Newcastle are particulate matter: both fine particles smaller than 2.5 microns in diameter (PM2.5) and coarse particles below 10 microns in diameter (PM10). A New South Wales Environment Protection Authority (EPA) study found that the main sources contributing to particle pollution across the Lower Hunter area, which includes Newcastle, and its surrounding suburbs of Stockton, Beresfield and Mayfield, included sea salt blown in from the ocean, wood smoke from heating and wildfires, soil dust, vehicle exhausts and nitrate from industry.4

What are the health effects of air pollution in Newcastle?

Particulate matter is broadly recognised as the most hazardous pollutant to human health, since the particles’ microscopic size enable them to travel deep into the human system when inhaled, entering the human bloodstream. Short term health effects can include irritation of the eyes, nose and throat, while long-term exposure can result in increased risk of heart disease, respiratory diseases, and lung cancer. A doctor from Doctors for the Environment Australia compared the health impacts of New South Wales air pollution to ‘smoking without consent’, emphasising that even during bushfires, the bushfire smoke mingles with other sources such as cars and coal-fired power stations, representing a toxic mixture of particle pollution for human health.5

Why is Newcastle so smoky?

Historically, Australia’s experiences with smoke pollution can be traced to the origins of its coal mining industry. After coal was discovered 160 km north of Sydney in 1797, a second mining penal colony was set up to mine the coal in 1804, originally under the name ‘Coal River’. However, this name later changed to Newcastle, named after the English city which was Britain’s ‘great centre of coal mining’.1 Initially seen as a positive symbol of industrial and economic progress, the Newcastle area’s coal industry was later recognised also as a contributor to the detrimental visible and health effects of smoke pollution.1


Air quality governance in New South Wales and Australia more broadly were historically influenced by management initiatives of the United Kingdom’s air quality. The huge death toll of the UK’s infamous London smog of 1952 showed the world the frighteningly real health impacts of smoke-related air pollution, and prompted the UK to implement its Clean Air Act in 1956. The New South Wales parliament followed suit shortly after, by setting up a Smoke Abatement Committee in 1955, to investigate the causes of air pollution in the state. This was followed by the state passing its own NSW Clean Air Act in 1961, which was administered through the Public Health Department’s new Air Pollution Control Branch, which had offices in Sydney, Newcastle, and Wollongong.1 This marked the beginning of New South Wales’ modern air quality management, which has helped smoke abatement in Newcastle and neighbouring cities since.


However, researchers observe that there is still room for improvement in NSW’s air quality management, particularly a lack of an adequate ‘control strategy’ to minimise background concentrations of air pollutants year-round.6 Critics from Environmental Justice Australia suggest that this lack of control strategy leads to even higher pollution peaks during extreme events such as bushfires, while also resulting in Newcastle having some of the highest year-round pollution levels in the state, due to coal mines, power stations and industry.6

What is being done about air pollution in Newcastle?

Newcastle air quality is managed through both local state New South Wales air quality governance, and national Australia air quality policies. The NSW government aims to achieve the nationwide targets for air quality, known as the National Environment Protection Measures (NEPM). Established in 1998, these targets establish standards that air pollution should stay within. The national PM2.5 standard is 8 μg/m3 for an annual mean concentration, and a 25 μg/m3 limit for 1 day (24 hours) of exposure. The PM10 standard is 25 μg/m3 as an annual mean concentration, with a 50 μg/m3 limit for 1 day exposure.7


The New South Wales government also runs a network of air quality monitors in and around Newcastle. While they have several monitors around the broader Lower Hunter area, these are categorised separately as ‘The Lower Hunter Air Quality Monitoring Network’, including sensors at Newcastle, Beresfield and Wallsend; while ‘The Newcastle Local Air Quality Monitoring Network’ includes sensors at Carrington, Mayfield and Stockton.8 These networks monitor pollutants including PM2.5, PM10, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide. The NSW Government then communicates these readings to the public using a version of the Australian Air Quality Index system, to quickly convey the associated level of health risk from a range of different pollutants. However, the NSW Government uses a slight alteration of the national system to report a Newcastle air quality index, rather adopting their own system called ‘air quality categories’. The Newcastle AQI is therefore communicated to the public in colour coded categories, from green representing “Good” air quality, to deep red indicating “Extremely poor” air quality.9


+ Article resources

[1] Nancy Cushing. “Australia’s smoke city: air pollution in Newcastle”. Australian Economic History Review 49.1, March, 2009. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8446.2008.00247.x.
[2] IQAir. “2019 World Air Quality Report”. IQAir website, March 18, 2020.
[3] Justine Calma. “What you need to know about the Australia bushfires”. The Verge, Feburary 13, 2020.
[4] NSW Government & NSE Environment Protection Authority. “Particles in Lower Hunter”. NSW Government and EPA website, April, 2016.
[5] Steven Trask. “Bushfire health impacts ‘awful’: doctor”. Newcastle Herald, December 4, 2019.
[6] Matthew Kelly. “Newcastle records the highest levels of fine particle pollution of anywhere in the state”. Newcastle Herald, November 1, 2019.
[7] Australian Government. “National air quality standards: Ambient air quality (2016). Australian Government website, 2016.
[8] NSW Government. “Air quality monitoring in the Lower Hunter and on the Central Coast”. NSW Government Department of Planning, Industry and Environment website, December 18, 2019.
[9] NSW Government. “About the air quality categories”. NSW Government website, November 6, 2020.

뉴캐슬에서 공기질이 가장 깨끗한 곳은 어디인가요?